WHAP Chapter 22

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WHAP Chapter 22
2013-03-03 19:31:03

The early industrial revolution 1760-1851
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  1. the change from an agricultural to an industrial society and from home manufacturing to factory production, especially the one that took place in england from about 1750 to about 1850.
    industrial revolution
  2. created the semaphore telegraph
    Claude Chappe
  3. invented the cotton first man's partner. fully developed interchangeable parts
    Eli Whitney and John Hall
  4. the production of large amounts of standardized products on production lines, permitting very high rates of production per worker
    Mass production
  5. division of work into a number of separate tasks to be performed by different workers
    Division of Labor
  6. use of automatic machinery to increase production
  7. english inventor and entrepreneur who became the wealthiest and most successful textile manufacturer of the early industrial revolution. he invented the water frame, a machine that, with minimal human supervision, could spin several threads at once.
    Richard Arkwright
  8. building erected in hyde park, london, for the great exhibition of 1851. made of iron and glass, like a gigantic greenhouse, it was a symbol of the industrial age.
    crystal palace
  9. external-combustion engine in which heat is used to raise steam which either turns a turbine or forces a piston to move up and down in a cylinder
    Steam engine
  10. scottish engineer and inventor whose improvements in the steam engine led to its wide use in industry (1736-1819)
    James Watt
  11. a device for rapid, long-distance transmission of information over an electric wire. it was introduced in england and north america in the 1830s and 1840s and replaced telegraph systems that utilized visual signals such as semaphores. (609)
    electric telegraph
  12. visited england and returned to the us to open a mill in mass. that brought spining and weaving in one building in a town named after him
    Francis Cabot Lowell
  13. english writer and early feminist who denied male supremacy and advocated equal education for women
    Mary Wollstonecraft
  14. the doctrine that government should not interfere in commercial/ economic affairs
    laissez faire
  15. the philosophy espoused by the count of saint simon, argued that the scientific method could solve social as well as technical problems.
  16. the principles of a body of 19th century english reformers who advocated better social and economic conditions for working people
  17. a joint stock company that controlled most of india during the period of imperialism. this company controlled the political, social, and economic life in india for more than 200 years.
    British East India company
  18. an agent or force inflicting vengeance or punishment; retribution itself; an unbeatable rival
  19. Regulated mine laws. No female was to be employed underground.No boy under 10 years old was to be employed underground.Parish apprentices between the ages of 10 and 18 could continue to work in the mines.
    British Mines Act of 1842