Unit 4 Terminology- Muscles, Bones, and Joints

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rachels5iastate
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204719
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Unit 4 Terminology- Muscles, Bones, and Joints
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2013-03-04 11:33:20
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Muscles Bones Joints
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  1. acromi/o
    acromion process
  2. arthr/o
    joint
  3. calcane/o
    heel bone
  4. carp/o
    carpal bone
  5. cervic/o
    cervical, neck
  6. chondr/o
    cartilage
  7. clavicul/o, cleid/o
    clavicle
  8. coccyg/o
    coccyx
  9. condyl/o
    condyle
  10. cost/o
    rib
  11. crani/o
    skull
  12. dent/o
    tooth
  13. disk/o
    disk
  14. fibul/o
    fibula
  15. femor/o
    femur
  16. humer/o
    humerus
  17. ischi/o
    ischium
  18. kinesi/o
    movement
  19. kyph/o
    humpback
  20. lamin/o
    lamina
  21. lord/o
    swayback
  22. lumb/o
    lumbar spine or region
  23. malac/o
    softening
  24. metacarp/o
    metacarpal bone
  25. muscul/o
    muscle
  26. my/o
    muscle
  27. odont/o
    teeth
  28. orth/o
    straight
  29. oste/o
    bone
  30. pelv/i, pelv/o
    pelvic
  31. phalang/o
    phalanges
  32. por/o
    porous
  33. pub/o
    pubis
  34. radi/o
    radius
  35. rheumat/o
    rheumatism
  36. sacr/o
    sacrum
  37. scoli/o
    crooked
  38. skelet/o
    skeleton
  39. spondyl/o
    spine
  40. stern/o
    sternum
  41. ten/o, tendon/o, tendin/o
    tendon
  42. thorac/o
    thorax
  43. tibi/o
    tibia
  44. uln/o
    ulna
  45. xiph/o
    xiphoid process
  46. a-, an-
    without
  47. de-
    down from, less than
  48. dys-
    difficulty or painful
  49. epi-
    upon
  50. inter-
    between
  51. meta-
    beyond
  52. peri-
    around, near
  53. supra-
    above or on the topside
  54. -ar, al, ic
    adjective endings, pertaining to
  55. -centesis
    surgical puncture to remove fluid
  56. -ist
    specialist
  57. -meter
    instrument used to measure
  58. -metry
    process of measuring
  59. -oid
    resembling, like
  60. -plasia
    development
  61. -plasty
    surgical repair
  62. -plegia
    paralysis
  63. -scope
    instrument for viewing
  64. -scopy
    process of examination with a scope
  65. -taxia
    condition of muscular coordination or muscular actions
  66. osteopathy
    any disease of the bone
  67. osteitis
    inflammation of bones
  68. osteomalacia
    softening of the bones (rickets)
  69. osteosarcoma
    cancerous tumor of the bone
  70. decalcification
    process of removing calcium from the bone (calcification= adding calcium to bones)
  71. osteoporosis
    disease condition of the bone which there is deterioration of the bone matrix
  72. arthoscopy
    process of looking into a joint with a scope
  73. osteoarthropathy
    any disease involving bones and joints
  74. arthritis
    inflammation of joint
  75. rheumatoid arthritis
    condition of the joints characterized by inflammation, degeneration, and connective tissue changes
  76. rheumatologist
    physician specialist who treats arthritic disorders
  77. arthrotomy
    incision into a joint
  78. chondrectomy
    pain in or around cartilage
  79. tenoplasty, tendinoplasty
    surgical repair of tendons
  80. costectomy
    excision of rib cage
  81. dental
    adjective meaning pertaining to teeth
  82. dentalalgia
    pain in the teeth or toothache
  83. orthodontist
    dentist who specializes in straightening abnormally positioned teeth
  84. peridontal
    around or near teeth (i.e. gums)
  85. orthopedist
    physician who performs surgery on skeletal system
  86. lumbar
    adjective pertaining to lower back
  87. thoracotomy
    incision of the chest
  88. thoracolumbar
    adjective pertaining to chest and lower back
  89. cardiocentesis
    surgical puncture of the heart cavity
  90. pubis (s) pubes (pl)
    bone of the anterior pelvis
  91. pelvimetry
    process using an instrument to measure a woman's pelvis size during pregnancy
  92. pelvis
    three pelvic bones; ilium, ischium, pubis
  93. spondylosis
    condition of the spine
  94. spondylitis
    inflammation of one or more vertebrae
  95. spondylolisthesis
    forward slippage of lumbar vertebrae
  96. sternum
    breast bone
  97. bones of leg (3)
    femur, tibia, fibula
  98. bones of arm (3)
    (upper) humerus, (fore) radius and ulna
  99. sternocostal
    pertaining to sternum and ribs
  100. xiphocostal
    pertaining to the xiphoid process and the ribs
  101. condyle
    rounded process that occurs on many bones (root word= condyl)
  102. condyloid
    resembling a condyle
  103. myocarditis
    inflammation of heart muscle
  104. myogram vs myograph
    gram= chart, graph= instrument
  105. myorrhexis
    rupture of muscle
  106. myopathy
    muscle disease
  107. bradykinesia
    slowness of movement
  108. kinesialgia
    pain on movement or movement pain
  109. kinesiology
    science of how body moves studied by exercise physiologist
  110. CPD
    cephalopelvic disproportion
  111. DDS
    doctor of dental surgery
  112. DO
    doctor of osteopathy
  113. Dx
    diagnosis
  114. Fx
    fracture
  115. FxBB
    fracture of both bones
  116. C1-7 vs L1-5 vs T1-12
    cervical vertebrae, verses lumbar ", versus thoracic vertebrae
  117. OA
    osteoarthritis
  118. OREF
    open reduction external fixation
  119. ORIF
    open reduction internal fixation
  120. Orth, ortho
    orthopedist
  121. RA
    rheumatoid arthritis

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