Card Set Information
A&P final review
What is regulated by the kidneys?
water content of the blood
blood pH level
blood ion concentration
The medial surface of each kidney has a notch called the:
At the beginning of the "pumping system" of the urinary system, urine leaving the renal papilla is collected in the cuplike structures called:
The functional unit of the kidney is the:
What is a component of the renal corpuscle?
What structure secretes renin when blood pressure in the afferent arteriole drops?
Substances pass from the glomerulus and into the Bowman's capsule by:
The juxtaglomerular cells reside in the:
The left kidney is often slightly _____ & poistioned slightly ____ than the right kidney.
LARGER & HIGHER
Blood is brought to the kidneys by the:
The glomerulus is the most important capillary networks for _____.
Once urine enters the renal pelvis, it then travels to the:
As the basic functional unit of the kidney, the nephron's function is:
blood processing &
The kidneys are covered with:
What are the processes of urine formation?
The movement of water and solutes from the plasma in the glomerulus, across the glomerular-capsular membrane, and into the capsular space of the Bowman's capsule, is termed:
The movement of molecules out of the peritubular blood & into the tubule for excretion is:
Under normal conditions, most water, electrolytes, and nutrients are reabsorbed in the:
*proximal convoluted tubule
What is considered a countercurrent structure?
Water loss from the blood is reduced by:
Dysuria is a term describing:
All of the following are normal contents of urine:
NOOOO plasma proteins
What is symptomatic of diabetes mellitus?
Kidney failure means homeostatic failure, and if not relieved, inevitable ______.
Postexersize proteinuria is considered _____.
Fluid exiting the Henle loop becomes less concentrated with:
Cl negative IONS
A hydrostatic pressure gradient drives the filtration out of the plasma & into the:
The efferent arteriole has a ____ diameter than the afferent arteriole.
In the renal tubule, Na is reabsorbed via:
More than 99% of filtrates must be reabsorbed from the tubular segments of the:
urine backs uo into the kidneys causing swelling of the renal pelvis and calyces:
final stage of chronic renal failure:
involuntary retention of urine with subsequent distention of the bladder:
inflammation of the bladder:
inflammation of the renal pelvis and connective tissue of the kidney:
an abrupt reduction in kedney function characterized by oliguria and a sharp rise in nitorgenous compounds in the blood:
Acute renal failure
progressive condition resulting from gradual loss of nephrons:
Chronic renal failure
intense kidney pain caused by destruction of the ureters by large kidney stones:
most common form of kidney disease caused by a delayed immune respose to streptococcal infection:
albumin in the urine:
inflammation of the urethra that commonly results from bacterial infection:
What process is used by the artificial kidney to remove waste materials from the blood?
Failure of the kidneys to remove wastes from the blood will result in what?
Hydrogen ions are transferred from blood into the urine during what process?
What condition is considered normal in an infant under 2 years of age?
What step involved in urine formation allows the blood to retain most body nutrients?
Voluntary control of micturition is acheived by the action of what?
*external urethral sphincter
What is the structure that carries urine from the kidneys to the bladder called?
Hemorrhagin causes a:
decrease in blood pressure
What are the capillary loops contained within Bowman's capsule called?
The triangular divisions of the medulla of the kidney are known as:
The TRIGONE is located in the:
blood in the urine
absence of urine
inflammation of the kidney
scanty amount of urine
large amount of urine
large amount of protein in urine
folds that line the bladder
passes through prostate gland
*test for renal dysfunction
If the Tmax for glucose in the nephron was 300 mg/100 ml and a person had a blood glucose level of 380 mg/100 ml, there would be:
80 mg/100 ml of glucose in the urine
The calyces of the kidney join together to form a large collection reservoir called the:
What hormone tends to increase the amount of urine produced?
What structure of the kidney narrows as it exits the kidney to become the ureter?
The movement of molecules out of the tubules and into the peritubular blood defines:
The portion of the nephron that empties into a calyx is the:
One difference between the male urethra and the femal urethra is the male urethra is:
part of 2 different body systems
The mechanism for voiding begins with:
*the relaxation of the external sphincter
Substances travel from the glomerulus into Bowman capsule by the process of: