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Studies the structure (form) of body parts and their relationships to one another.
Concerns the function of the body and how the body parts work and carry out their life-sustaining activities.
Study of the cells of the body.
Study of the tissues of the body.
- Integumentary (skin)
- Reproductive (male and female)
Properties of life
- Boundary maintenance
- Atmospheric pressure
Recognized that there were stable internal conditions regardless of external conditions
Components of homeostatic control mechanisms
Negates or reverses direction of change
Main body cavities
- Ventral (viscera, guts):
- -Thoracic (heart, lungs)
- -Abdominal (small intestine, stomach)
- -Pelvic (urinary bladder, reproductive organs)
Dorsal (central nervous system; brain, spinal cord)
Father of Medicine
Hippocrates (Hippocratic Oath, there is a reason people get sick, not gods' fault)
"do no harm" "no further harm"
What is the key to science?
Who fathered "physiologie" and theorized that disease came from natural causes?
Wrote the first medical text; believed in questioning authority.
Muslim that also wrote medical text.
Published accurate gross anatomy atlas.
Realized blood flows out from heart and back in.
What allows science to progress and detects outside human limitations?
Looked at lake water through microscope.
Invented first simple microscope
Coined the term "cells"
Improved the microscope.
Hooke and Zeiss
Term for monastery cubicles
New habits of reasoning and logic; noticed things and began inferring (2 people)
Bacon (inductive) & Descartes (deductive)
In science, ___ and ___ are tentative.
proof & truth
Science produces ___, ___, and ___ information about nature.
reliable, objective, and testable
What does it mean when something is "reliable"?
You can count on it.
What does it mean when something is "objective"?
There is a removal of bias.
What does it mean when something is "testable"?
Something can be quantified, measured.
McLean vs. Arkansas Board of Ed; schools now teach that science is...
- 1. Guided by natural law
- 2. Explanatory by reference to natural law
- 3. Tested against the observable world
- 4. Conclusions are tentative (not the final word)
- 5. Falsifiable
Forming a ___ is central to science.
What does it mean when something is "falsifiable"?
If it is false, then this can be shown by observation or experiment.
How much you can infer to the general public
High formation of multiple facts.
Highest form of understanding and explanation.
Two members of the same ___ can procreate with each other.
Change in genetic composition; unifies many observations
Involves genetic fitness
A change over time.
How old is the earth?
4.6-4.7 billion years old
A good hypothesis is both ___ and ___.
consistent and testable