psych test 2

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dpaytons
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204801
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psych test 2
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2013-03-03 23:54:52
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psych
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psych
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  1. Experimented with hypnosis as a technique for tapping the contents of the unconscious mind.
    Charcot & Freud
  2. Dreams are the work of the unconscious mind, wish fulfillment
    Freud, Jung
  3. Activation-synthesis theory: dreams are our representations of neural activity transpiring during sleep. Consolidation of learning and memory.
    McCarley and Hobson
  4. Earliest studies on memory, method of using nonsense syllables
    Ebbinghaus
  5. no localization of function. memory affected by total brain mass lost.
    Lashley
  6. Memory localized to the temporal lobe
    Penfield
  7. Trial and error, learning curve, skill acquisition, cats escaping from box
    Thorndike
  8. Classical conditioning
    Pavlov
  9. Concept of Reinforcement: strengthens associations
    Pavlov
  10. Concept of Reinforcement: Strengthens behavior
  11. Concept of Reinforcement: Law of Effect
    Thorndike
  12. Little Albert, phobias
    Watson and Raynor
  13. operant conditioning, schedules of reinforcement
    Skinner
  14. Cognitive maps, perceptual learning, rule-based v outcome-based, questioned Skinner's behaviorist approach to operant conditioning
    Tolman
  15. imagined that the seat of the soul and consciousness might reside in the pineal gland
    Descartes
  16. studies suggested that brain activities precede the activities of the conscious mind
    Libet
  17. discovered that dream occurred most frequently in REM sleep
    Kleitman
  18. studied trace and delay conditioning
    Clark and Squire
  19. model predicted that conditioning would be easier when the condition stimulus was an unfamiliar event, because of the role expectations play in conditioning
    Rescorla-Wagner
  20. Bobo doll experiment, observational learning
    Banduras, Ross, and Ross

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