APSYCH Unit 7A part 1

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tiffanycedeno
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APSYCH Unit 7A part 1
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2013-03-04 01:33:38
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  1. personality
    • 1. individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling and acting 
    • 2. if behavior pattern is strikingly consistent and distinctive=strong personality
  2. Sigmund Freud
    • 1. brain and nervous system is involved in disorders 
    • 2. used hypnosis 
    • 3. psychological than physical 
    • 4. personality from our efforts to resolve the conflict between bio impulses and social restrains against them
  3. free association
    • 1. exploring the unconscious 
    • 2. people are relaxes and say whatever comes to mind
  4. psychoanalysis
    • 1. Freud's theory of perspective 
    • 2. attributes our thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts
  5. unconscious
    • 1. a reservoir of unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings and memories 
    • 2. Freudian slip
  6. id
    • 1. reservoir of unconscious psychic energy  
    • 2. pleasure principal (max. pleasure and min. pain) 
    • 3. mental energy and drive
  7. ego
    • 1. executive part 
    • 2. mediates among the demands of the ID, superego and reality 
    • 3. functions of reality principle, logic
  8. superego
    • 1. internalized ideals 
    • 2. deals with society values, morals, rule and obligations 
    • 3. follows rules 
    • ex: angel and devil
  9. psychosexual stages
    • 1. childhood stage of anal, oral, phallic, genital 
    • 2. pleasure-seeking energies focus on distinct erogenous zones of the body
  10. oral
    • 1. 0-18 months 
    • 2. pleasure centers on mouth
  11. anal
    • 1. 18-36 months 
    • 2. ability to control bladder and bowel elimination
  12. phallic
    • 1. 3-6 years
    • 2. genitals
  13. Oedipus complex
    1. boy's sexual desire toward his mother's feelings of jealously and hatred toward father
  14. electra complex
    • girl's envy 
    • "penis" envy
  15. identification
    • 1. children incorporate their values of family into their developing supergo
    • 2. gender idenitification
  16. latency
    • 1. 6-puberty 
    • 2. push sexual feelings out of consciousness
  17. genital
    • 1. puberty- 
    • 2. sexual masturation happens
  18. fixation
    • 1. lingering pleasure-seeking energies remain fixated 
    • 2. too little/too much of psychosexual stages
  19. defense mechanism
    • 1. ego's reducing anxiety
    • 2. distorting reality
  20. repression
    • 1. basic defense mechanism that banishes anxiety 
    • 2. arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from consciousness
    • 3. trauma as a child
  21. regression
    • 1. faced with anxiety retreats to a more infantile psychosexual stage 
    • 2. sucking thumb
  22. reaction formation
    1. ego unacceptable impulses into their opp.
  23. projection
    • 1. disguise impulses by attributing them to others 
    • 2. you hate the teacher, teacher hates you
  24. rationalization
    1. offers self-justifying explanation for maladaptive behaviors
  25. displacement
    1. sexual/agressive impulses toward a more acceptable or less threatening object of person
  26. compensation
    1. person's ability to achieve in one area to make up for others
  27. denial
    refusing to accept reality when something has occurred
  28. intellectualization
    • 1. thinking of events in a cold and clinical way
    • 2. academically studying a problem
  29. sublimation
    1. channeling frustration or unwanted feelings towards a more acceptable goal
  30. projective tests
    • 1. test that proving ambiguous stimuli and have to describe or tell story 
    • 2. whatever meaning presumably reflects their conflicts
  31. TAT
    • 1. people express inner feelings and interests 
    • 2. make up about ambiguous needs
  32. Rorschach inkbolt
    1. widely used projective tests
  33. sentence completion
    1. give a sentence and you complete it
  34. Neo-Freudians
    • 1. some common analytics with Freud 
    • 2. Freudian's concepts with more modern ideas 
    • 3. more emphasis on conscious mind interpreting exp. and coping with environment
  35. Karen Horney
    • 1. firmly against what Freud said
    • 2. Freud had made bias in his theory 
    • 3. womb envy: man's desire to carry a child 
    • 4. focused on anxiety vs. security (how we were raised=basic anxiety)
  36. Carl Jung
    • 1. agreed with Freud that unconscious exerts powerful influence on personality 
    • 2. persona v. shadow/anima vs. animus 
    • 3. not necessarily to everyone's personality conflicts with these balance
  37. Alfred Adler
    • 1. focused on childhood (childhood important for personality) 
    • 2. childhood inferiority: pushes people to go one way or another 
    • 3. personality comes from birth order
  38. criticisms of Freud
    • 1. ideas are imposable 
    • 2. only offer facts of stimulation (why not how) 
    • 3. repression never really exists

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