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2013-03-04 03:50:19
Conservation Biology Legislation

biology and legislation
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  1. prohibits trade in wildlife, fish and plants that have been illegally taken, transported or sold

    1st federal law protecting wildlife
    US Lacey Act of 1900
  2. conservation biology type?
    • in-situ conservation
    • -in the field conservation
    • -done by protecting them and their habitat

    • ex-situ conservation
    • -out of the field
    • -conserving helping the population repopulate in a lab, zoo, aquarium
  3. 1964 = 417
    nesting pairs
    loss of habitat
    took out of environment
    ex-situ rehab
    August 8, 2007 = off end species list
    Bald Eagle Conservation
  4. ex-situ = saves plants from destruction

    cryogenically frozen for future
    stored in duplicate location
    seed- banks
  5. ex-situ = breed plants and educate

    asexual reproductive techniques
    botanical gardens (a zoo for plants)
  6. growing own corals

    rehabs of injured animals

    raising public awareness
    aquariums: ex- situ
  7. artificial insemination

    embryo transfer

    zoos: ex-situ
  8. National Conservation Orgs.
    Audobon society: birds

    American Cetacean Society: Marine mammals

    National wildlife Federation

    Sierra Club

    Tree People
  9. International Conservation Orgs.
    World Conservation Union (IUCN)

    World Wildlife Fund

    Cousteau Society = buys land, establishes reservesĀ 
  10. 1973 illegal to import or track products of E.S. unless used explicitly forĀ science

    USFWS responsible

    species on list cannot be "taken", threatened, killed, harmed, habitat can't be harmed
    US Endangered Species Act
  11. Problems with ESA
    encourages people to destroy land before listing

    no focus on ecosystem

    is inflexible

    is political

    focus on charismatic megafauna

    only 8 species de-listed
  12. International laws
    (CITES) Convention on the International Trade of Endangered Species

    created by IUCN: World Con. union

    Signed by 169 countries

    prohibits trade of live specimens or products of 900 species on list
  13. CITES
    does not use Endangered or threatened

    uses appendix

    • Appendix 1 listed means endangered
    • Appendix 2 listed means threatened

    an org. can be on both CITES and US ESA
  14. IUCN's red list
    world conservation union list

    assess conservation status of global species

    use critically endangered, endangered and vulnerable (threatened)
  15. regulates whaling

    bans on gill-netting, purse seines

    Japan/Finland no sign!
    International Whaling Comission
  16. how to save endangered species?
    establish parks, preserves and wilderness areas that are not fragmented

    enforce legislation such as US ESA and CITES support $$ env. organizations

    control human population and consumption