robinson exam 1
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What is the definition of musicking?
To perform or to make music from the ground up to singing in the shower
What is the definition of musicology?
meaning "study of-") is the scholarly study of music
What is the defintion of ethnomusicology?
an academic field encompassing various approaches to the study of music (broadly defined) that emphasize its cultural, social, material, cognitive, biological, and other dimensions or contexts instead of or in addition to its isolated sound component or any particular repertoire (non-western)
Merriam’s Three-PartModel for MusicalAnalysis
- Idea (conceptions about what music is)
what are universals of music?
- a way of aticulating the idea that music is universal and is understood by the world
- The music is based on the criteria its trying to acheive
Culturesevolve from a primitive state to a modern state. It explains cultura ldifferences
what is ethnocentrism
belief in the superiority of one's own ethnic group
what is cultural relativism
- no style is better or worse than any otherUnderstand music based on the criteria it’s trying to achieve
- All cultures have a sort of good/bad sense of music
What is musical change?
change of minor variations in musical style
why do diff cultures have diff music?
cultures evolve socially, historically and culturally diff
What is the defintion of fieldwork?
Practical work conducted by a researcher in the natural environment, rather than in a laboratory or office.
What is the defintion of topic?
That part of a sentence about which something is said, typically the first major constituent.
What is the defintion of subject?
A person or thing that is being discussed, described, or dealt with
What is a leading question?
A question that prompts or encourages the desired answer
What is a primary source?
Website, Wikipedia “Raw materials of research (interviews, concert programs, letters, etc.)
What is a secondary source?
- Original resource by other scholars, reflecting their interpretations of primary resources (books and articles)
- Thought to be more reliable because of a critical review process
- *if a book is trying to make original claims, still a secondary resource*
What is a tertiary source?
Books and articles drawn from secondary sources, usually for a broader audience (Textbooks encyclopedias)
what are some online resources for secondary materials?
gmu's library online
What are some Indian classical music instruments?
(stringed) rudra vina, sitar, surbahar, sarod, santur, tanpura,srangi, (flute is )bansuri, and (drums) are tabla, mridangham, sreekhole and gatham
What are some religions of the indian subcontinent?
Buddhism, Christianity, Jainism and Sikhism
What are some language families of the indian subcontinents
Indo-European, Dravidian, Mon-Khmer, and Sino-Tibetan
what language do they speak in the indian subcontinent?
Hindi and Urdu
What are some major periods in Indian History?
Pre-historic (stone and bronze age) then early historic such as vedic then Mahajanapadas
Indian industrial revolution
There was a profound effect on capital, raw materials , econnomics and market
What was the year of Idian independance?
August 15th 1947
What is the defintion of Karnatak?
Karnataka (pronounced) is a state in South West India
What is the defintion of Hindustani?
A group of Indic dialects spoken in northwestern India, principally Hindi and Urdu.
What is the south indian caste system?
a social structure in which classes are determined by heredity
spirituality in carnatic music
associated with hinduism and is the backbone of carnatic music
Notions of Classicismin Karnatak Music
carnatic music fits the classicism defintion of "The following of traditional and long-established theories or styles"
improvisation in carnatic music
- "Manodharma sangeetham" or "kalpana sangeetham" ("music of imagination") as it is known in Carnatic music, embraces several varieties of improvisation.
- The main traditional forms of improvisation in Carnatic music consist of alapana, niraval, kalpanaswaram, ragam thanam pallavi, and thani avarthanam.
a song in carnatic music
from our music from the book "Bhajan"
indian vocal music
definition of "Tyagaraja"
an indian composer who makes kriti or devotional songs
elements of raga
raga uses a series of five or more musical notes upon which a melody is constructed
elements of tala
Tala is a rhythmic time cycle of Indian music. It is a combination of long and short accented and unaccented beats.
A rasika, in carnatic music terminology, is a person who has some knowledge of carnatic music and is able to appreciate carnatic music
parts of the kriti
pallavi, then anapullavi and charanam
a type of indian devotional song
Sarva Laghu (TimeFlow)
The percussionist in the Carnatic music system does not merely keep time and provide the basic sarva laghu (four-beats)
rhythmic complexity of beats
In Hinduism, a devadasi (Sanskrit: servant of deva or devi (god)) is a girl “married” to a deity and dedicated to worship and service of the deity or a temple
Bharatanatyam is a classical Indian dance form originating in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu
Padam and Javali
For most dancers today, a Padam or a Javali means the same thing. In a dance concert, a padam or a javali is strategically placed before the final piece
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