nervous system

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nervous system
2013-03-04 21:02:30
signs symptoms

signs and symptoms
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  1. absence seizure
    Type of epileptic seizure that lasts only a few seconds to half a minute, characterized by a loss of awareness and a absence of activity.  It is also called a petit mal seizure.
  2. analgesia
    • an-=without pain
    • alges/o=sense of pain
    • -ia=state

    Absence of pain.
  3. anesthesia
    • an-=without
    • esthes/o=feelig, sensations
    • -ia=condition

    Lack of feeling or sensation
  4. aphasia
    • a-=without
    • -phasia=speech

    inability to comunicate verbally or in writing due to damage of the speech or language centers in the brain.
  5. ataxia
    • a-=without
    • -taxia=muscle coordination

    Lack of muscle coordination
  6. aura
    Sensations, such as seeing colors or smelling an unusual odor, that occur just prior to an epileptic seizure or migraine headache.
  7. cephalalgia
    • cephal/o=head
    • -algia=pain

  8. coma
    Profound unconsciousness resulting from an illness or injury.
  9. conscious
    Condition of being awake and aware of surroundings.
  10. convulsion
    Severe involuntary muscle contractions and relaxations.  These have a variety of causes, such as epilepsy, fever, and toxic conditions.
  11. delirium
    Abnormal mental state characterized by confusion, disorientation, and agitation.
  12. dementia
    Progressive imlpairment of intellectual function that interferes with performing activities of daily living.  Patients have little awareness of their codition.  found in disorders such as Alzheimer's.
  13. dysphasia
    • dys-=abnormal, difficult 
    • -phasia=speech

    difficulty communicating verbally or in writing due to damage of the speech or language centers in the brain.
  14. focal seizure
    -al=pertaining to

    Localized seizure often affecting one limb.
  15. hemiparesis
    • hemi-=half
    • -paresis=weakness

    Weakness or loss of motion on one side of the body.
  16. hemiplegia
    • hemi-=half
    • -plegia=paralysis

    Paralysis on only one side of the body.
  17. hyperesthesia
    • hyper-=excessive
    • esthes/o=feeling, sensation
    • -ia=condition

    Abnormally heightened sense of feeling, sense of pain, or sensitivity to touch.
  18. monoparesis
    • mono-=one
    • -paresis=weakness

    muscle weakness in one limb.
  19. monoplegia
    • mono-=one
    • -plegia=paralysis

    Paralysis of one limb.
  20. neuralgia
    • neur/o=nerve
    • -algia=pain

    Nerve pain.
  21. palsy
    Temporary or permanent loss of the ability to control movement.
  22. paralysis
    Temporary or permanent loss of function or voluntary movement.
  23. parapalegia
    • para-=two like parts of a pair
    • -plegia=paralysis

    Paralysis of the lower portion of the body and both legs.
  24. paraesthesia
    • para-=abnormal
    • esthes/o=sensation, feeling
    • -ia=condition

    Abnormal sensation such as burning or tingling.
  25. semiconscious

    State of being aware of surroundings and responding to stimuli only part of the time.
  26. syncope
  27. tonic-clonic seizure
    • ton/o=muscle tone
    • clon/o=rapid contracting and relaxing
    • -ic=pertaining to

    Type of severe epileptic seizure characterized by a loss of consciousness and convuldsions.  The seizure alternates between strong continuous muscle spasms (tonic) and rhythmic muscle contraction and relaxation (clonic).  It is also called a grand mal seizure.
  28. tremor
    Involuntary repetitive alternating movement of a part of the body.
  29. unconscious

    State of being unaware of surroundings, with the inability to respond to stimuli.