HQ II Identification terms

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DesLee26
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205109
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HQ II Identification terms
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2013-03-23 22:15:21
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HON 122
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HQII
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  1. James Watt Date
    1736-1819
  2. James Watt
    created an engine powered by steam that could pump water from mines three times as quickly as previous engines
  3. Henry Cort Date
    cerca 1740-1800
  4. Henry Cort
    developed a process called puddling in which coke was used to burn away impurities in pig iron to produce higher quality iron called wrought iron
  5. Richard Trevithick date
    cerca 1770-1830
  6. Richard Trevithick
    pioneered the first steam-powered locomotive on an industrial rail line in s. Wales
  7. George Stephenson date
    cerca: 1780-1850
  8. George Stephenson
    • produced engines for better locomotives and in he and his son's worshop, locomotives for the first modern railways were build. 
    • He had his Rocket on the first public railway line, extending 32 miles and speeding along 16 mph
  9. Friedrich List date
    1789-1846
  10. Freidrich List
    • emigrated to America and returned to Germany as a US consul. 
    • wrote National System of Political Economy, where he advocated a rapid and large-scale program of industrialization as teh surest path to develop a nation's strength
  11. Samuel Slater date
    cerca 1760-1830
  12. Samuel Slater
    established teh first textile factory using water-powered spinning machines in Rhode Island in 1790
  13. James Kay-Shuttleworth Date
    cerca 1830s
  14. James Kay-Shuttleworth
    • described the horrid conditions of society as volcanic elements, by whose explosive violence the structure of society may be destroyed
    • urban reformer
  15. EDWIN CHADWICK DATE
    1800-1890
  16. EDWIN CHADWICK
    • URBAN REFORMER WITH A BACKGROUND IN LAW WHO WANTED TO ELIMINATE THE POVERTY 
    • --> INVESTIGATED TERRIBLE LIVING CONDITIONS AND WROTE Report on the Condition of the Labouring Population of Great Britain, where he said that disease and epidemic were caused by impurities produced by decomposing animal and veggie substances. But these conditions could be eliminated
    • advocated a system of modern sanitary reforms of sewers and piped water
  17. Joshua Fielden Date
    1827-1887
  18. Joshua Fielden
    got enough money to establish a factory by tunning a family sheep farm while working looms in the farmhouse
  19. Robert Owen date
    cerca 1770-1860
  20. Robert Owen
    • one of the leaders in the formation of national unions who believed in the creation of voluntary associations tht would demonstrate to others the benefits of cooperative rather than competitive living 
    • under his direciton, plans emerged for the Grand National Consolidated Trades Union
  21. Luddites
    skilled craftspeople who attacked the machines they believed threatened their livelihood; attacks didn't stop industrial mechanization of Britain
  22. Chartism
    • first important political movement of working men organized during the nineteenth century
    • aim: to achieve political democracy
    • took name from People's charter
  23. William Wordsworth date
    170-1850
  24. William Wordsworth
    • decried the destruction of hte natural world
    • poet who criticized industrial revolution
  25. Robert Peele Date
    1788-1850
  26. Robert Peele
    leader of Tories who persuaded some of his associates to support free trade principles and abandon the Corn Laws
  27. Francis Joseph I Date
    1848-1916
  28. Francis Joseph I
    worked to restore imperial government in Hungary
  29. Giuseppi Mazzini
    • dedicated Italian nationalist who founded an organization known as Young Italy in 1831
    • wrote The Duties of Man, urging Italians to dedicate their lives to the Italian nation
  30. Giuseppi Mazzini Date
    1805-1872
  31. Thomas Carlyle dATE
    1795-1881
  32. Thomas Carlyle
    • British writer who said the Romantic hero transformed, not destroyed hiimself within, society; stressed that historical events were determined by deeds of such heroes 
    • Great Man Theory
  33. Walter Scott date
    1771-1832
  34. Walter Scott
    wrote Ivanhoe: treid to create a clash between Saxon and Norman knights in England
  35. William Wordsworth date
    1770-1850
  36. William Wordsworth
    Romantic poet who wrote mostly of his love of nature; claimed to receive "authentic tidings of invisible things"
  37. Caspar David Friedrich date
    1774-1840
  38. Caspar David Friedrich
    • left him with a lifelong preoccupation with God and nature; painted landscapes with interest that transcended the mere presentation of natural details
    • Man and Woman Gazing at the Moon
  39. Malford William Turner date
    1775-1851
  40. Malford William Turner
    • prolific artist who produced more than 20k paintings 
    • concerned with nature
    • didn't idealize or reproduce nature with realisitic accuracy, but sused interplay of light and color to convey its mood
  41. Eugene Delacroix
    • most famous French Romanitc artist
    • fascinated by the exotic and had a passion for color
    • The Deat of Sardanapalus: portrayal of the world of the last Assyrian king
  42. Eugene Delacroix date
    1798-1863
  43. Beethoven
    transformed art of music; family of musicians; assistant organist and studied under Haydn; third symphony--> he broke away from classicism, called Eroica= used uncontrolled rhythms to create dramatic struggle
  44. Beethoven date
    1770-1827
  45. Hector Berlioz date
    1803-1869
  46. Berlioz
    • was supposed to study medicine, but rebelled against it and achieved fame in Germany, Russia, and Britain for his composing; 
    • one of the founders of program music
    • Symphonie Fantastique: used music to evoke passionate emotions of a tortured love affair
  47. Francois-Rene de Chateaubriand
    • genius of Christianinty: Bible of Romanticsim
    • defense of Catholicism in a Romantic way
    • Catholicism echoed the harmony of all things
  48. Francois-Rene de Chateaubriand Date
    1768-1848
  49. the marquis de Launay
    the commander at the Bastille who refused to open fire with his cannon, causing the garrison to soon surrender and the Bastille to fall; was captured; and his head was cut off and hoisted
  50. marquis de Launay date
    cerca 18th century
  51. Richard Arkwright date
    1732-1792
  52. Richard Arkwright
    inventor of spinning frame and founder of cotton factoriesq

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