Card Set Information
dunckleman at ccc
anything that stands for something else and has a particular meaning for people who share a culture
the tangible objects that members of a society make, use and share
the shared set of meanings that people in a society use to interpret and understand the world.
Characteristics of culture. Culture is....
-Transmitted from one generation to the next
-Adaptive and always changing
a system o f shared symbols that enables people to communicated with one another
The standards by which members of a particular culture define what is good or bad, moral or immoral, proper or improper, desirable or undesirable, beautiful or ugly.
a society's specific rules concerning right and wrong behavior
Norms that members of a society (or a group within a society) see as not being critical for society's survival and that, consequently, are not severely punished when violated
Characteristics of Norms. Norms are...
Norms that members of a society consider very important because they maintain moral and ethical behavior
the lifelong process of social interaction in which the individual acquires a social identity and ways of thinking, feeling, and acting that are essential for effective participation in a society.
The process of learning cultural behaviors and expectations so deeply that we accept them without question.
A theoretical perspective that applies biological principles to explain the behavior of animals, including human beings.
The process of learning a role that does not yet apply.
The individuals, groups, or institutions that teach us what is needed to know to participate effectively in society.
Agents of socializations
The process by which we act toward and react to people around us
An organized pattern of bahavior that governs people's relationships
A social position that a person occupies in a society
a collection of social statuses that a person occupies at a given time
a social position that a person is born into
a social position that a person attains through personal effort or assumes voluntarily.
An ascribed or achieved status that determines a person's identity.
the behavior expected of a person who has a particular status
the different roles attached to a single status
the frustrations and uncertainties a person experiences when confronted with the requirements of two or more statuses.
the stress that arises from incompatible demands among roles within a single status
two or more people who interact with one another and who share a common identity and a sense of belonging.
a relatively small group of ppl who engage in intimate face-to-face interaction over an extended period
a large, usaully formal, impersonal and temporary collection of ppl who pursue a specific goal or activity.
a group of ppl who shape our behavior, values, and attitudes
A tendency of in-group members to fonform without critically testing which results in narrow view of issue
a web of social ties that links an individual to others
formal organization that is designed to accomplish goals and tasks through efforts of a large number of ppl in the most efficient and rational way possible