Human Movement Science

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Author:
rnelson3201
ID:
205128
Filename:
Human Movement Science
Updated:
2013-03-27 17:49:50
Tags:
NASM biomechanics
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Description:
NASM Chapter 5
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  1. Positioned above a point of reference
    Superior
  2. Positioned below a point of reference
    inferior
  3. Positioned nearest the center of the body or point of reference
    Proximal
  4. Positioned farthest from the center of the body or point of reference
    Distal
  5. On the front of the body
    Anterior (or Ventral)
  6. On the back of the body
    Posterior (or Dorsal)
  7. Positioned near the middle of the body
    Medial
  8. Positioned toward the outside of the body
    Lateral
  9. Positione on the opposite side of the body
    Contralateral
  10. Positioned on the same side of the body
    Ipsilateral
  11. The position with the body erect with the arms at the sides and the palms forward
    anatomic Position
  12. An imaginary bisector that divides the body into left and right halves
    Sagittal Plane
  13. A bending movement in which the relative angle between two adjacent segments decreases
    Flexion
  14. An imaginary bisector that divides the body into fromt and back halves
    Frontal Plane
  15. A movement in the frontal plane away from the midline of the body
    Abduction
  16. Movement in the frontal plane back toward the midline of the body
    Adduction
  17. An imaginary bisector that divides the body into top and bottom halves
    Transverse Plane
  18. Rotation of a joint toward the middle of the body
    Internal Rotation
  19. Rotation of a joint away from the middle of the body
    External Rotation
  20. Movement of the arm or thigh in the transverse plane from an anterior position to a lateral position
    Horizontal Abduction
  21. Movement of the arm or thigh in the transverse plane from a lateral position to an anterior position
    Horizontal Adduction
  22. Adduction of scapula, shoulder blades move toward the midline
    scapular Retraction
  23. Abduction fo scapula, shoulder blades move away from the midline
    Scapular Protraction
  24. Downward (inferior) motion of the scapula
    Scapular Depression
  25. Upward (superior) motion of the scapula
    Scapular Elevation
  26. Thumb turned toward the body
    Radioulnar pronation
  27. Thumb turned away from the body
    Radioulnar supination
  28. Occurs when a muscle develops tension while lengthening.  A decelerating action
    Eccentric Muscle action
  29. A muscle is exerting force greater than the resistive force resulting in shortening of the muscle
    Concentric Muscle action
  30. A muscle is exerting force equal to the force being plied on it leading to no visible change in the muscle length
    Isometric Muscle action
  31. A muscle shortens at a constant speed over the full range of motion
    Isokinetic Muscle Action
  32. The resting length of a muscle and the tension the muscle can produce at this resting length
    Length-Tension Relationship
  33. Muscle groups moving together to produce movement around a joint
    Force-Couple
  34. Movement of the bones around the joints
    Rotary Motion
  35. a force that produces rotation. Common unit is the Newton-meter
    Torque

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