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thickening of skin due to repeated rubbing and/or pressure
cause - formed in areas over bony prominences in mechanical trauma
signs - skin is thickened; corns are painful
risk - family history of bone abnormality
medical - address mechanical problem, padded shoes, salicylic acid, surgery
massage - use oil while massaging.
Description - abnormal growth of cells that is progressive and purposeless, comprising surrounding tissue.
Cause - genetic changes, often initiated or promoted by carcinogenic agents, transform a normal cell to a cancerous cell
Signs & Symptoms - vary on time, weakness, loss of appetite, muscle mass, bleeding, anemia, lowered immunity
medical- surgery, radiation, chemo, hormones and immunotherapy.
massage - refer to physician, careful history, consult Dr. modify massage based on location, stage and treatment
malignant growth affecting breasts of women
cause - unknown, may be due to estrogen
signs - no symptoms, hard lump, abnormal fluid discharge from nipples, redness and increased breast temp
risks - btwn 35 & 54, family history, menstruation at early age, late menopaus, no pregnancies or late pregnancies, ovarian/uterine cancer, exposure to radiation, oral contraceptive use
medical - surgery, chemo, radiation, hormone therapy
massage - refer to dr., elevate arm above heart if has edema, avoid radiation areas, avoid if you have infection and they are on chemo
malignant change in skin, which may be slow-growing (basal cell epithelioma) or rapidly growing with the potential to spread (squamous cell carcinoma and malignant melanoma)
cause - dna mutations in epidermis from exposure to sun or radiation, chronic skin irritation, exposure to carcinogens, burn scars, ingestion of arsenic
- signs - swellings, blood vessels over lesion (basal cell)
- - palpable swelling that grows slowly (squamous cell)
- - arising from moles, irregular blue, red, white pigmented growths (melanoma)
Risk - outdoor employment, residence in sunny, warm climate, fair skin with blonde or red hair, blue eyes, moles, family history, males, older age, tanning salongs
medical - surgery, local application of creams, chemo, radiation, sunscreen, avoid sun exposure
massage - report unusual skin changes, consult dr before therapy, lower immunity from chemo/radiation