Card Set Information

2013-03-05 15:05:45

test 3
Show Answers:

  1.                     group is composed of people who are emotionally close, know one another well, and seek one another's company
  2. " we use certain groups to                ourselves... Groups used in this way are called 
    • evaluate
    • reference
  3. The formation of                     and                 depends on the establishment and protection of group                      .
    • in-group
    • out-group
    • boundaries
  4. " First, networks provide a sense of                 ... networks are a useful tool for those entering the                market."
    • belonging
    • labor
  5. Belonging to a group requires that a members submit to social                losing some           
                  in the process.
    • control
    • personal freedom
  6. For the sake of the group membership, we relinquish part of our                 and             .
    • individuality
    • independance
  7. ".....                        , a situation in which pressures toward uniformity discourages members of the group from the expressing their reservations about group decisions."
    Group thinking
  8. The famous                      law... states that the work always expands to fill the time available for its completion.
  9. Thus, according to the                                   employees in a bureaucratic hierarchy tend to rise to their level of                      .
    • Peter Principle
    • incompletence
  10. "According to the                            of              ... power tends to become increasingly concentrated in the hands of a             members of any organization. 
    • iron law
    • oligarchy
    • few
  11. Without ____________________________ and ___________________________ in human behavior, society could not exist.
    • conformity
    • predictability
  12. Because __________________vary from group to group, society to society, and time to time, the ___________________________ considered to be ___________________ varies.
    • norms
    • behavior
    • deviant
  13. __________________________ social control is self-imposed and is acquired during the________________________________ process.
    • Internal
    • socialization
  14. __________________________ social control is based on _________________________ -rewards and punishments – designed to encourage desired behavior.
    • External
    • sanctions
  15. . “Deviance increases _______________________ within a society or group. . .Deviance promotes needed _____________________ _______________________.”
    • unity
    • social change
  16. . In short, when ___________________ _____________________ are _________________,the chances for deviance increase.
    • social bonds
    • weak
  17. According to _______________________________ association theory, deviant behavior –like religious choice, political affiliation, or sports preference – is ______________________, principally, in primary groups.
    • differential 
    • learned
  18. . Future behavior may be affected by the way others _______________________ to an individual’s deviance. In this sense, __________________________ produces deviance.
    • respond
    • labeling
  19. . “___________________________ are arrested at a significantly lower rate than _____________________. . .”
    • Females
    • Males
  20. Prisons are _________________________ for crime: Ex-convicts often leave prison more committed as __________________________ and with a ___________________likelihood of continued criminal involvement
    • Criminals
    • higher
  21. What is the American Indian's concept of a conscience?
    A 3-cornered stone that turned in your chest and cut you when you did something wrong
  22. The bystander effect causes us to?
    We are less likely to help if others are present.

    The responsibility is diffused over the tribe.
  23. The conflict view on social capital
    Social capital is also an economic resource! Rich ppl have social capital that helps them maintain their wealth and advantage.

    Poor ppl only know poor ppl
  24. What is the down side of Bureaucracies?
    • impersonal
    • creates alienation
  25. Obedience
    giving away one's power
  26.             companions corrupt                           .
    • Evil 
    • good morals
  27. Differential Association
    We learn deviance from those we ran with
  28. Ex of someone a serving a higher level of authority.
    • " mom said i could"
    • " I was just obeying orders"
    • " Im obeying God"
  29. Name 2 conditions which we are likely to help someone out
    When we are not in a hurry

    the victim is similar to us
  30. What is our definition of conformity?
    Adjust how I think or what I do to go along with the group
  31. What are two ways to avoid conformity?
    If there is at least one other person who stands with us.


    We are commited to our views
  32. What is internalization? What does it grow?
    Getting societies norms inside of you. It grows a conscience.
  33. What do Milgram's and Asch's studies teach us about ppl?
    Evil situations can corrupt ordinary ppl.