late adulthood growth and development

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mandi
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205227
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late adulthood growth and development
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2013-03-06 15:53:40
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late adulthood
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late adulthood growth and development BECK
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  1. LATE ADULTHOOD
    • 65 AND OLDER
    • FASTEST GROWING POPULATION GROUP OF TODAY
  2. LIFE EXPECTANCY IS GREATER IN WOMEN THAN MEN
    TRUE OR FALSE
    TRUE
  3. IMPROVEMENTS IN WHAT 3 THINGS INCREASE LIFE EXPECTANCY?
    • MEDICAL CARE
    • SANITATION
    • OVERALL HEALTH PRACTICES
  4. THE AVERAGE NUMBER OF YEARS THAT A PERSON IS LIKELY TO LIVE IS?
    LIFE EXPECTANCY
  5. THE MAXIMUM NUMBER OF YEARS THAT A SPECIES IS CAPABLE OF SURVIVING IS?
    LIFE SPAN
  6. SENESCENCE
    SYMPTOMS OF NORMAL AGING
  7. AGING IS....
    A NORMAL, INEVITABLE, PROGRESSIVE PROCESS THAT PRODUVES IRREVERIBLE CHANGES OVER AND EXTENDED PERIOD OF TIME
  8. THE STUDY OF AGING
    GERONTOLOGY
  9. CLOCKWORK THEORY
    THERE IS AN INTERNAL CLOCK THAT STOPS CELL REPRODUCTION. IT DETERMINES THE LENGTH OF ONES LIFE
  10. FREE RADICAL THEORY
    FREE RADICALS ARE THOUGHT TO CAUSE MUTATIONS IN THE CHROMOSOMES CHANGING CELLULAR FUNCTION
  11. ANTIOXIDANTS (VIT C AND E)
    PREVENTS THE FORMATION OF FREE RADICALS
  12. WEAR AND TEAR THEORY
    • CALL EVENTUALLY WEAR OUT. WASTE PRODUCTS ACCUMULATE AND DEPRIVE GOOD CELLS NUTRITION
    • #1 ORGAN IS KIDNEYS
  13. IMMUNE SYSTEM-FAILURE THEORY
    IMMUNE RESPONSE DECREASE WITH AGE WHICH MAKES ELDERLY MORE SUSCEPTIBLE TO INFECTION
  14. AUTOIMMUNE THEORY
    • THE IMMUNE SYSTEM LOSES ABILITY TO DIFFERENTIATE ITS OWN PROTIENS FROM FOREIGN ONES.
    • EXAMPLES: RA AND CANCER
  15. PSYCHOSOCIAL THEORY
    • HOW AGING SOCIALIZATION AND LIFE SATISFACTION.
    • ARE THEY IN LTC, ARE THEY IN A SOCIAL SETTING OR ISOLATION
  16. THE NEGATIVE ATTITUDES TOWARDS AGING
    AGEISM
  17. DISENGAGEMENT THEORY
    THE PERSON GRADUALLY WITHDRAWS FROM SOCIETY. SHFTS POWER FROM OLD TO YOUNG
  18. ACTIVITY THEORY
    REMAINS ACTIVE AND INVOLVE, HELPS TO ACHIEVE A SENSE OF PERSONAL FULFILLMENT
  19. CONTINUITY-DEVELOPMENTAL THEORY
    • THE PERSON PERSONALITY AND PATTERN OF COPING CAN PREDICT WHAT THEIR RESPONSE WILL BE TO THE AGING PROCESS.
    • THEY CAN STILL LEARN NEW THINGS
  20. HT. AND WT.
    • TRUNK LENGTH & SHOULDER WIDTH DECREASES. BODY WT. DECREASES AFTER AGE 55
    • BODY FAT ATROPHIES
  21. MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM
    •  FREQUENT FRACTURES SEEN IN WOMEN DUE TO OSTEIOPEROSIS.
    • NEED CALCIUM FOR PREVENTION
    • IMPORTANT FOR REGULAR EXERCISE FOR BOTH WOMEN AND MEN.
    • DECREASE IN BONE CELLS & MUSCLE MASS
    • THEY CAN DEVELOP KYPHOSIS
  22. WHAT KIND OF EXERCISE SHOULD THEY DO?
    AEROBIC AND WT. RESISTANCE
  23. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM
    • HEART VALVES BECOME MORE THICKER AND MORE RIGID.
    • DECREASE IN ELASTICITY OF BLOOD VESSELS THUS INCREASE IN BP.
    • RECULAR EXERCISE HELP CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
    • VEINS BECOME MORE PRONOUNCED
  24. CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
    PLAQUE IN THE ARTERIES
  25. RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
    • DECREASE IN ELASTICITY OF THE LUNGS
    • MORE SUSCEPTIBLY TO INFECTIONS
    • INCREASE IN RESIDUAL VOLUME (AIR LEFT IN LUNG AFTER EXHALE
  26. GI SYSTEM
    • DECREASE IN SALIVA AND GAG REFLEX
    • SHOULD EAT SLOWLY AND UPRIGHT
    • DECREASE IN PERISTALSIS
    • SLOWS EMPTYING TIME AND INCREASE CONTIPATION AND FLATUS
  27. dentition
    tooth loss is result of poor dental hygiene
  28. NERVOUS SYSTEM
    • DECREASE OF # OF CELLS
    • SLOW MOTOR RESPONSE
    • THESE DO NOT AFFECT MEMORY AND LEARNING
    • NEED TO BE ASSESS THERE ABILITY TO REACT AND DRIVE SAFELY
  29. SENSORY SYSTEM
    • ALL THE SENSES DECREASE
    • CATARACS AND GLAUCOMA ARE COMMON
    • LOSS OF HIGH FREQUENCY HEARING
  30. LOSS OF EYES ABILITY TO FOCUS
    PRESBYOPIA
  31. LOSS OF HEARING
    PRESBYCUSIS
  32. GU SYSTEM
    • ovaries, uterus and faollopian tubes atrophy after menopause
    • decrease in vaginal secreations can cause painful intercourse and increase risk for infection
    • testicals decrease in size and take longer to get on erection. BPH is common
    • stress incontinence common especially in women. bladder accidents common
    • the urinary system affects the excretion of many medications
  33. ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
    hormone levels decrease
  34. what is the second most common endocrine problem in late adulthood
    DM and thyroid
  35. TRUE OR FALSE THERE IS A MODERATE DECREASE OF SYSTOLIC PRESSURE
    FALSE
  36. MOTOR DEVELOPMENT
    • stiffening of the ligaments and joints.
    • decrease in speed and step height
    • postural and balance changes
  37. INTEGRITY VS DISPAIR
    • should have feeling of accoplishments with their life
    • reminiscence is common
    • people who are helpless, lack control over their life, fear death, and are anxoius about their future leads to dispair
  38. EGO INTEGRITY:
    involves adjusting to the changes in one's body image, family roles, work, and leisure, sexuality, and facing death
  39. PEOPLE VIEW DEATH DIFFERENTLY. MULTIPLE LOSSES ARE COMMON
    inevitablity of death
  40. DEPRESSION AND SUICIDE MAY RESULT FROM
    multiple losses, diseases, and medication usage
  41. COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT
    • new materials are learned
    • may be reluctant to try new things.
    • reaction time is slow
    • greater loss in short term memory than long term memory
  42. MORAL DEVELOPMENT
    moral beliefs comes from a lifetime of experiences
  43. NUTRITION
    • increase in fiber, calcium
    • decrease in sodium
    • BMR decreases with age
  44. CHO
    60% of diet 100 g/day
  45. PROTEIN
    12 - 14% PER DAY
  46. FATS
     NO MORE THAN 30% PER DAY
  47. FIBER
    25 - 50 G/DAY
  48. THINGS THAT CAN AFFECT ELDERLY NUTRITIONAL STATUS
    • LIFESYLE
    • CHANGES IN BODY COMPOSITION
    • USE OF MEDICATIONS
    • MONEY
    • WHERE THEY LIVE
    • LEVEL OF EDUCATION
  49. SLEEP AND REST
    • MAY HAVE DIFFICULTY FALLING ASLEEP AND STAYING ASLEEP
    • MEDS MAY ALTER THEIR SLEEP PATTERN
  50. EXERCISE AND LEISURE
    • THEY NEED REGULAR EXERCISE
    • MODERATION IS THE KEY
  51. SAFETY
    • INCREASE RISK OF FALLING
    • INCREASE RISK OF ELDERLY ABUSE
    • DECREASE IN REACTION TIME
  52. THE GOAL IS...
    HEALTH MAINTENANCE AND OPTIMAL FUNCTIONING
  53. HEALTH PROMOTION
    • YEARLY PHYSICALS
    • VISION AND HEARING SCREENING
  54. IMMUNIZATIONS
    • Tdap,
    • PNEUMONIA
    • FLU 
    • H1N1
    • SHINGLES
  55. MOST COMMON HEALTH CONDITIONS ARE:
    • HEART DISEASE
    • ARTHRITIS
    • HTN
    • DM
  56. LEADING CAUSE OF DEATH IS:
    • 1) HEART DISEASE
    • 2) CANCER
    • 3) CVA
    • 4) DM
    • 5) ARTERIOSCLEROSIS
    • 6) CIRRHOSIS
    • 7) COPD (LUNG DISEASE)
  57. WHAT IS THE LEADING CAUSE OF DEMENTIA
    ALZHEIMER'S
  58. TRUE/FALSE
    DEPRESSION INCREASES AND CAN LEAD TO SUICIDE
    TRUE
  59. WHY WAS SOCIAL SECURITY DEVELOPED IN 1935?
    TO SUPPLEMENT INCOME AFTER RETIREMENT
  60. WHAT % OF THE POPULATION IS SS THE ONLY INCOME FOR AFTER RETIREMENT?
    50%
  61. WHY WAS MEDICARE DEVELOPED
    PROVIDE HEALTH CARE FOR THE ELDERLY BY THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
  62. WHY WAS MEDICAIDE DEVELOPED IN 1955
    •  FOR ALL AGES WHO QUALIFY LOW INCOME FOR HEALTH CARE
    • IT IS THE MAIN SOURCE OF IN COME FOR LONG TERM CARE
  63. WAS ESTABLISHED IN 1987 TO PROTECT RIGHTS OF THE ELDERLY? IT HELP WITH ABUSE IN THE NURSING HOME
    RIGHTS OF THE ELDERLY
  64. DEVELOPED IN 1990 TO FULFILL THE WISHES OF PT. IN TIME OF DEATH INCLUDING ADVANCE DIRECTIVES, LIVING WILLS, DNR, AND POWER FO HEALTH CARE CAME ABOUT
    PATIENT SELF DETERMINATION ACT
  65. ELISABETH KUBLER-ROSS STAGES OF DYING
    STAGE 1
    DENIAL
  66. STAGES OF DYING
    STAGE 2
    ANGER
  67. STAGES OF DYING
    STAGE 3
    BARGINING
  68. STAGE 4 IN STAGES OF DYING
    DEPRESSION
  69. STAGE 5 IN STAGES OF DYING
    ACCEPTANCE

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