Biological Classification

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r2484550
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205251
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Biological Classification
Updated:
2013-03-07 23:10:47
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  1. Binomial Nomenclature
    Two part name (Genus, species)
  2. Founder of binomial nomenclature
    Carolus Linnaeus
  3. Taxonomical categories
    Kingdom

    Phylum

    Class

    Order

    • Family
    • Genus

    Species
  4. Kingdom Archaebacteria
    Cell type - Unicellular

    Cellular organization - Prokaryotic

    Mode of nutrition - Autotrophic or Heterotrophic

    Reproduction - Asexual

    Habitat - Live in extreme habitats

    Can live deep in the ocean near geothermal vents called black smokers

    They carry out chemosynthesis
  5. Kingdom EUbacteria
    Cell type - Prokaryotic

    Cellular organization - Unicellular

    Mode of nutrition - Autotrophic or Heterotrophic

    Reproduction - Sexual and asexual

    Habitat - All aquatic
  6. Kingdom fungi
    Cell type - Most multicellular

    Cellular organization - Most multicellular

    Mode of nutrition - Heterotrophic(Decomposers)

    Reproduction - Sexual and asexual

    Habitat - Terrestrial
  7. Kingdom Plantae
    Cell type - Eukaryotic

    Cellular organization - Multicellular

    Mode of nutrition - Autotrophic

    Reproduction - Mostly sexual

    Cell wall - cell walls contain cellulose

    Habitat - Aquatic and terrestrial
  8. Kingdom animalia
    Cell type - Eukaryotic

    Cellular organization - Multicellular

    Mode of nutrition - Heterotrophic

    Reproduction - Mostly sexual

    Cell wall - None

    Habitat - Aquatic and terrestrial
  9. Little to no variety
    Species with _____ have a more difficult time adapting to new environments, and are thus more likely to become extinct than those species with greater variety among individuals
  10. Sexual reproduction and mutations
    Variations exist primarily as a result of _____
  11. Gradualism
    The idea that says evolutionary changes occur slowly
  12. Punctuated equilibrium
    Evolution happens in "quick" bursts
  13. Geographic isolation
    Creation of new species usually requires _____
  14. Fossil record and radioactive dating
    Creation of new species usually requires
  15. Classification
    Organisms are classified based on their evolutionary relationship
  16. Kingdom
    Large group of related organisms
  17. Species
    Able to successfully reproduce amongst its members
  18. Diversity
    A word that means "different kinds"
  19. Linnaeus
    Who made the system of classification of grouping organisms?
  20. Structure
    Classification is based on _____
  21. Species
    The smallest group of organisms that can interbreed
  22. Binomial nomenclature
    The term for a scientific name made up of two Latin names
  23. Capital letter
    An organisms name always begins with a _____
  24. Kingdom
    Includes the greatest number of organisms
  25. Taxonomy 
    The science of naming and classifying organisms
  26. Binomial Nomenclature
    A two-name naming system
  27. Taxonomist
    Scientists that group and identify organisms
  28. Prokaryotes
    An organism that does not have membrane bound organelles is called ____
  29. Paleontologist
    A scientist who uses fossils to reconstruct the history of life millions of years before humans existed
  30. Branching key
    A tool used to organize the relationships between organisms based on similarities and differences
  31. Dichotomous key
    A special guide developed by taxonomists to aid in identifying unknown organism by answering a series of yes and no questions
  32. Virus
    What is not a kingdom of living things?
  33. Archaebacteria, Eubacteria, Protista, Plantae, Fungi, Animalia
    The six-kingdom system

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