Unit 1 terminology- Intro to medical and anatomic terminology

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rachels5iastate
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205283
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Unit 1 terminology- Intro to medical and anatomic terminology
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2013-03-06 00:25:55
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medical anatomic terminology
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medical and anatomic terminology
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  1. abdomin/o
    abdomen
  2. acr/o
    extremities
  3. adnex/o
    adjacent, accessory
  4. anter/o
    front
  5. anatom/o
    body structures
  6. blast/o
    immature/embryonic cell
  7. caud/o
    tail
  8. celi/o
    belly, abdomen
  9. cephal/o
    head
  10. cyan/o
    blue
  11. cyt/o
    cell
  12. dermat/o, derm/o
    skin
  13. dist/o
    distant from origin
  14. dors/o
    back
  15. epitheli/o
    epithelial
  16. eti/o
    cause of disease
  17. hist/o
    tissue
  18. later/o
    side
  19. mediastin/o
    mediastinum
  20. medi/o
    middle
  21. megal/o
    enlarged
  22. morph/o
    form
  23. muc/o
    mucous
  24. pelv/o
    pelvis
  25. physi/o
    function
  26. pleur/o
    lung cavity
  27. poster/o
    back
  28. proxim/o
    closer to origin
  29. ser/o
    serum or serous membrane
  30. thorac/o
    chest
  31. ventr/o
    front
  32. peri-
    surrounding
  33. -centesis
    surgical puncture
  34. -cyte
    cell
  35. -ia
    condition
  36. -ist
    specialist
  37. -itis
    inflammation
  38. -logist
    one who studies
  39. -logy
    study of
  40. -megaly
    enlarged
  41. -meter
    instrument to measure
  42. -metry
    process of measuring
  43. -osis
    condition
  44. -paralysis
    loss of movement and feeling
  45. -pathy
    disease
  46. -tic, -ous, -ic, -al, -ar, -ible, -able
    adjective endings
  47. -um, -y, -a, -us
    noun endings
  48. anatomy
    study of body structures
  49. physiology
    study of body function
  50. etiology
    study of causes of disease
  51. physiologist
    person who studies functions of the body
  52. cytology
    study of cells
  53. morphology
    study of form and structure
  54. cytometer, cytometry
    instrument used to count cells, process of counting cells
  55. blastocyte
    immature or embryonic cell
  56. histoblast
    tissue cells that are immature or embryonic
  57. histocyte
    tissue cell
  58. pericardium
    membrane surrounding the heart
  59. pleura
    membrane surrounding the lungs (pleura= serous membrane)
  60. peritoneum
    membrane lining the abdominal cavity (peritoneum= serous membrane)
  61. dermatologist
    physician who specializes in diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders
  62. dermatitis
    inflammation of the skin
  63. acrodermatitis
    inflammation of the skin of the extremities
  64. acromegaly
    enlargement of extremities (i.e hands)
  65. acrocyanosis
    blueness of extremities
  66. cyanotic
    pertaining to a condition of blueness
  67. acroparalysis
    paralysis of extremities
  68. dermatosis vs dermopathy
    any skin condition vs disease condition of the skin
  69. cyanoderma
    blue skin or bluish discoloration of the skin
  70. LLQ
    left lower quadrant
  71. RLQ
    right lower quadrant
  72. RUQ
    right upper quadrant
  73. LUQ
    left upper quadrant
  74. thoracopathy
    disease of the chest
  75. thorax
    noun for chest cavity
  76. parietal
    pertaining to wall of an organ or cavity
  77. membranes (3)=
    pleura (lung), peritoneum (abdominal cavity), pericardium (heart)
  78. visceral pleura
    membrane=(pleura) on=(visceral) the lungs
  79. parietal pleura
    membrane (pleura) on chest wall (parietal)
  80. visceral peritoneum
    membrane (peritoneum) on organs of abdominal cavity (visceral)
  81. peritonitis
    inflammation of abdominal lining
  82. anterior
    ventral (front)
  83. posterior
    dorsal (back)
  84. dorsal/posterior
    back, back side
  85. ventral/anterior
    front, front side
  86. cephalic
    upward, toward the head
  87. caudal, cauded
    downward, toward the tail (sacrum)
  88. medial
    toward the midline
  89. lateral
    toward the side, away from the midline
  90. superior
    above (upper)
  91. inferior
    below (lower)
  92. proximal
    near the point of origin or near the midline
  93. distal
    away from the point of origin or away from the midline
  94. anterolateral
    pertaining to the front and side
  95. anteromedial
    pertaining to the front and middle
  96. anterosuperior
    pertaining to the front and top
  97. posterolateral
    back and side
  98. posteroexternal, posterointernal
    back and outside, back and inside
  99. anteroposterior
    pertaining to the front and back (from front to back)
  100. dorsocephalad
    pertaining to the back and toward head
  101. ventrad
    toward the front
  102. mediolateral
    middle and side
  103. cephalocaudal
    head to tail
  104. posterosuperior
    back and above
  105. R
    right
  106. L
    left
  107. OD
    right eye
  108. OS
    left eye
  109. AD
    right ear
  110. AS
    left ear
  111. RA
    right arm
  112. LA
    left arm
  113. RL
    right leg
  114. LL
    left leg
  115. dextra (dexter) vs sinistra (sinister)
    right vs left
  116. A&P
    anatomy and physiology
  117. AP
    anterior to posterior
  118. HCL
    hydrochloric acid
  119. LAT
    lateral
  120. OU
    both eyes
  121. PA
    posterior to anterior

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