In 1368 the Mogul Dynasty was overthrown, and Ming Hong Wu began the dynasty
Who was Ming Hong Wu and what changes did he make?
first ruler - Reforestation; no criticism of the gov’t; public beatings; civil service exam; make emperor stronger; required officials to live in Nanjing;
Ming Dynasty - Persia Themes?
Political - Strong leader, ran effective gov with centralized bureaucracy
Economic - Trade flourished, new crops introduced
Social - New items from Europe introduced
Religious - Christian Missionaries come
Intellect - Pass civil service exam to work in gov
Art - China Porcelain and rugs
Changes and improvements of china during ming period?
set up nationwide school system, new crops were introduced, renovated the grand canal, strengthened great wall, and extended into Mongolia and Cental Asia.
Emperor Yong Le achievments?
Built large monuments, built imperial city, strengthened the Great Wall, and Restored Chinese rule of Vietnam
Zheng He's achievments as a navigator?
Returned with items unknown to China, and information about the outside world.
What are factors that led to the decline and fall of the Ming Dynasty?
Series of weak rulers, high taxes, increased failure of crops, major epidemic sparked peasant revolt, which led to the Manchus attacking and overthrowing the mings.
When and how did the Qing Dynasty start?
Manchus seized control of Taiwan and eventually were accepted as legitimate rulers.
Qing Dynasty persia themes
Political - Strong rulers early,
Economic - Sold trade priveledges to Europeans, made all european traders go to small island
Religion - efforts of christian missionaries reached height during rule of Kangxi
Social - Manchus were seperated into seperate military unite called banners.
Intellect - advanced civilization
Emporer Kenxi's achievments?
calmed unrest along northern and western frontiers by force, greatest ruler, helped christian missionaries reach peak
Major changes in Qing Dynasty?
Growth of christian missionaries, trade islands for europeans
What did population growth lead to?
Shortages of land
Improvments in agriculture?
many farmers, and a faster growing species of rice from SE asia increased food supply
The family was expected to provide for its' members needs, including education, support, and care for the elderly.
Importance of extended families?
When 3 or 4 generations lived under same roof, all helped eachother out
Importance of clans?
Consisted of dozens or even hundreds of related families, which were linked by clan council elders. This system made it possible for wealthier families to help poorer relatives.
What are some examples of womens' subordination to men?
only males could have education and pursue a career in gov, women could not divorce husband, but the husband could.
Artistic and intellectual achievements?
blue and white porcelain, imperial city, chinese novels like the golden lotus
What are some of the steps and leaders that helped unified Japan?
Oda Nobunaga - seized imperial capital of Kyoto. Toyotomi Hideyoshi. Tokugawa Iesayu - daimyo of edo, who took control of japan
seperate territories in japan
daimyo were required to maintain two residences, one in their own lands and one in Edo, where the court of the shogun was located. When daimyo was absent from his residence in edo, his family was forced to stay there.