The 4 rivers of life. Often associated with sacred trees symbolizing growth toward heavens, constant change.
"Around wall" paradise, walled garden
Poetry describing gardens, paintings and persian carpets.
Quartered squares, The fourfold paradise and its ramification. 4 quartered garden
Elements of the Persian Paradise
Water, trees, central raised element, four rivers of life- the chaharbagh
Water to persian life
sacred, axis mundi
central raised element
sometimes a raised pavillion
Muhammad (the koran)
Forbade dipictions of humans or animals... thats why we see a lot of plants and geometry
Islamic adaptions of the persian garden
Calligraphy-stylized script, geometry, ablution, the brimming pool, (cleansing before prayer
One of the oldest gardens in iran. Piped water from mtns underground, walled off to prevent wind, Tile lined channels (4 Rivers). Drop in temperature and increase in humidity in contrast to desert. Water body covered by pavillion, Plane trees and cypress trees
represented a drop of perspiration from muhamid's forehead
The moghul tomb garden
People of great wealth, to be buried in. Used throughout their lives for parties and events.
Built by Shah Jahan for his favorite wife. Note the decorative curbing.
What are the two types of Moghul gardens
The tomb garden and the pleasure garden.
The pleasure garden
used the chador, and decorative curbing. Example: Shalimar Gardens, Lahore
water veil, water flowed over surface of concrete or brick.
Used to put floral design in the middle. Some were sunken for orange trees
for lanterns and flowers
Shalimar Gardens, Lahore
Moorish gardens of spain
Still islam garden, not overuse of water, minimal
Alcazar gardens, Seville spain
Sequence of rooms, very green aromatics, not much floral, Court of the maidens (sunken). Filigree arches and sunken paving- attention to detail. Water-minimal usage for maximum effect
Court of the oranges (moorish) 750AD, cathedral... Columns of arches to tree trunks are on the same grid. Good indoor outdoor relationship.
The Alhambra in Granada
Fortress rising above the city. Court of the myrtles, Court of the lions
Court of the Mtrtles. Shallow pool painted black, had a reflective quality.