ch 9.txt

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ch 9.txt
2013-03-31 20:26:46


ch 9
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  1. When is it NOT necessary to conduct a search of a building during a structure fire?
    • It is always necessary to conduct a search during a structure fire, no matter how small it appears.
    • Page 308
  2. Which of the following is considered an essential search and rescue tool?
  3. In fire fighting, what is meant by the term egress.
    The point at which firefighters exit a structure
  4. What is the signal given by the Incident Commander that indicates that a specific area has been check for victims and no victims have been found?
    All clear
  5. Firefighters who have obtained information from occupants or neighbors, regarding the number and location of victims within a building, should be relayed to the -
    Incident Commander and all incoming units.
  6. When should firefighters identify their possible alternative escape routes at a structure fire?
    Before they enter the building.
  7. The two objectives of a building search include which of the following?
    Searching for life, and obtaining information about the location and extent of the fire
  8. A rapid, but thorough search that is performed either before or during fire suppression operations is called the -
    Primary search
  9. The search that is conducted after the fire has been placed under control, and the hazards are somewhat lessened is called the -
    Secondary search
  10. What is the first thing firefighters should consider when entering a burning building in a search and rescue operation?
    Their own safety.
  11. Primary search personnel should carry which of the following articles with them as they enter a building and throughout a search?
    Forcible entry tools
  12. When searching the fire floor of a structure fire, firefighters should -
    Start the search as close to the fire as possible and move back toward the entrance
  13. When implementing a search line system the first firefighter who picks up the rope bag and enters the search area is called the -
  14. The second firefighter in a search line system that enters shoulder-to-shoulder behind the first firefighter is called the -

    The Navigator should be equipped with a hand light and TIC if available.
  15. Who directs the search during a search line system operation?
    The Navigator
  16. Fire departments establish "safety limits" in situations where SCBA must be worn. Any reading of carbon monoxide over __ SCBAs must continued to be worn.
    50 ppm.
  17. You are at the scene of a four story structure fire, in which the fire has developed on the ground floor. In which order should the floors of this multistory building be searched?
    1st, 2nd, 4th, and 3rd
  18. In most cases, which of the following is the best way, for a team of two firefighters, to search a small room for victims?
    One firefighter remains at the door, while the other searches the room, with both in constant voice contact with each other. The firefighters then reverse roles upon searching the next room
  19. When a victim is lying unconscious in a life threatening environment the rescuer should -
    Think first about moving the victim to a safe haven before tending to any injuries
  20. The hazard zone is defined as -
    Any portion of a building that contains an IDLH atmosphere
  21. Some fire departments use digital radio tracking devices to help locate firefighters in distress. These tracking devices normally will have a range of -
    100 feet
  22. In realistic scenarios conducted by major metropolitan fire departments, it has been found that as many as __ firefighters were needed to successfully move one downed firefighter to safety.
  23. Which of the following statements in regard to locating and rescuing a downed firefighter is not true?
    Continually call out the victim's name, so the victim can respond, thus hastening the rescue effort.
  24. Emergency moves are essential under all of the following situations except -
    The patient has possible spinal cord injuries.
  25. When it is necessary to perform an emergency move, which method should firefighters employ to remove a victim from a hazardous environment?
    The victim should be pulled in the direction of the long axis of the body
  26. One rescuer can safely carry a -
  27. The victim is raised to a sitting position. The two rescuers link arms across the victim's back. With their other arms they reach under the victim's knees to form a seat. Which of the following lifts and carries does this best describe?
    Two Rescuer Seat/Lift Carry
  28. Which of the following lifts/drags would you use to move a victim up or down a stairway?
    The Incline Drag
  29. The victim is placed in a supine position. The rescuer kneels by the victim's head and supports the head and neck. The rescuer lifts the victim's upper body into a sitting position, and reaches under the victim's arms to grasp her wrists. The rescuer then stands and is now able to ease the victim down a stairway or ramp to safety. This best describes which of the following?
    The Incline Drag
  30. Which of the following lifts/drags would you use a rug or a sheet to help move a victim?
    The Blanket Drag.
  31. When moving a victim onto a long spine board using the log roll, the victim must be rolled as a unit. Which rescuer gives the command to roll the victim?
    The rescuer supporting the head
  32. The final step in securing a patient to a long backboard is -
    Padding any voids between the patient and the board
  33. A step-up transformer that converts a vehicle's 12 or 24 volt DC current into 110 or 220 volt AC current is called a (an) -
  34. Vehicle-mounted generators normally have output capabilities of 110 and 220 volts, with capacities up to __ kilowatts.
  35. If the fuel in a portable generator's tank is more than __ old, if should be replaced with fresh fuel.
    3 weeks
  36. The luminous discharge of electricity across a gap is a called a(an) -
  37. Which of the following would not be considered one of the four basic types of hydraulically powered rescue tools?
  38. The first hydraulically powered tools to become available to the fire/rescue service were -
  39. The maximum distance between the two tips of a hydraulically powered spreader when fully extended is -
    32 inches
  40. In extrication situations, spreaders can be used either for pushing or pulling. Depending on the brand, the maximum force which can be exerted at the tips is -
    Tons of force.
  41. The opening spread of hydraulic shears is -
    7 inches
  42. Hydraulic shears are capable of developing __ of cutting force.
    Tons of cutting force.
  43. The extension length of a large Ram is nearly -
    63 inches
  44. The closing force of extension rams is approximately -
    1/2 of the opening force
  45. The primary disadvantage of using manual hydraulic tools over powered hydraulic tools is -
    Manual hydraulic tools operate slower and are more labor intensive than powered hydraulic tools
  46. Which hydraulic tool would you most likely use for lifting heavy objects?
  47. The main advantage of Porta-power tool systems over hydraulic jacks is that -
    They allow the firefighter to work in narrow spaces where the jack would not fit, or could not operate
  48. All of the following jacks could be considered hand tools except -
    Hydraulic jacks
  49. Also known as high-lift jacks, which of the following would best describe a jack that consisted of a rigid I beam with perforations in the web.
    Ratchet-Lever jack
  50. A jack with a swivel footplate with a stem that is inserted into one end of a length of 2 inch steel pipe, and a swivel plate with a threaded stem that is inserted into the other end of the pipe, best describes which of the following jacks?
    Trench screw jack
  51. A jack normally not used for lifting, but rather holding an object in place, where the jack is extended or retracted as the shaft is rotated in its base, best describes which of the following?
    Bar screw jack
  52. The least stable of all the various jacks is the -
    Ratchet-Lever jack
  53. I can blast away dirt with great efficiency. I operate at 90 to 100 psi and have an exit velocity of air at the nozzle close to Mach 2. What am I?
    Air Knife
  54. I can use the same air compressor as an air knife. I consist of a suction tube and collector bag. I can pick up soil and rocks up to 2 3/4 inches in diameter. What am I?
    Air Vacuum
  55. What is often used for delicate cutting operations such as removing rings from swollen fingers?
    Whizzer saw
  56. What type of air bags consist of a tough neoprene rubber exterior reinforced with steel wire or Kevlar aramid fiber?
    High-pressure bags
  57. Depending on it's size, high pressure air bags are able to inflate to a height of -
    20 inches
  58. The primary advantage low and medium pressure air bags have over high pressure air bags, is -
    They have a greater lifting distance
  59. Air bags should never come in contact with materials that are heated over -
    220 degrees F.
  60. How many air bags may be stacked on top of each other during a lifting operation?
  61. After assessing the scene of a motor vehicle accident, the first task rescue workers should accomplish is to -
    Stabilize the vehicle
  62. The system used for sorting and classifying accident casualties to determine the priority for medical treatment and transport is called -
  63. The process of providing additional support to key locations between the object of entrapment and the ground or other suitable anchor points, to prevent unwanted movement is called -
  64. Although airbags can save lives, they also may pose a potential safety hazard during extrication operations. Airbags can exert tremendous force deploying at a speed of -
    200 mph.
  65. On many vehicle models the only way to disarm a vehicle's electronic airbag system is to -
    Turn the ignition switch to off, disconnect both battery cables and wait until there is no longer sufficient voltage to deploy the air bag
  66. The main disadvantage of utilizing jacks in the stabilization of a motor vehicle is that they are -
    Time-consuming to place and may limit rescuer access
  67. Firefighters should be cautioned that simply removing the power source from a vehicle's electrical system, does not ensure that all air bag systems within the vehicle will be disarmed. Why?
    Some side impact air bags are mechanical and they do not require a power source
  68. Rescuers attempting to gain access to a patient trapped in a motor vehicle, should try all doors first. The next course of action should be to -
    Gain access through a window
  69. Once access has been made to a motor vehicle, the next step is to -
    Allow access for at least one rescuer, with the appropriate emergency medical training to enter the vehicle to stabilize the patient
  70. You are responding to a motor vehicle accident on a four-lane interstate highway. The accident is blocking the 2 left lanes. Where should you position your apparatus in order to secure the scene?
    You should close and block the two lanes involved in the collision as well as the next adjacent lane
  71. Wooden, plastic, or metal blocks constructed to fit the curvature of a tire, that once placed against the tire will prevent a vehicle from rolling are called -
  72. The final step in stabilizing a vehicle is to -
    Shut down the electrical power within the vehicle.
  73. Interrupting power does not mean that all systems are immediately safe. For example, a restraint system can remain operational for up to __ after the power has been disconnected.
    30 minutes.
  74. The glass that is most commonly used in motor vehicle side windows and some rear windows is -
    Tempered glass
  75. Which type of glass is designed so that small lines of fracture are spread throughout the entire plate, when the glass is struck, resulting in the glass separating into many small pieces?
    Tempered glass
  76. Which type of glass is composed of two sheets of glass that are laminated to a sheet of plastic sandwiched between them under high temperature and pressure?
    Laminated safety glass.
  77. Because more laminates are being added to windshields, the best method for cutting through them is with a(an) -
    Reciprocating saw
  78. The first step in windshield removal is to -
    Cover the victim and rescuers inside the vehicle with a tarp or protective blanket.
  79. In the procedure for removing a windshield from a motor vehicle, the third cut is made -
    Along the bottom edge of the windshield
  80. The best tool for removing tempered glass from a motor vehicle is -
    A spring-loaded center punch.
  81. The post on a motor vehicle where a front door is connected to the body is called the -
    A post
  82. Which rescue tool is the tool of choice for displacing a dashboard?
  83. The posts between the front and rear doors on a four-door motor vehicle are called -
    B posts
  84. The type of building collapse in which one outer wall fails while the opposite wall remains intact, resulting in one side of the roof dropping to the floor, forming a triangular voided beneath it, is called a -
    Lean-to collapse
  85. The type of building collapse when there is a simultaneous failure of two opposing exterior walls resulting in the upper floors and roof collapsing on top of one another is called a -
    Pancake collapse
  86. The type of building collapse where one sidewall of a multistory building collapses, leaving the floors attached to and supported by the remaining sidewall is called a -
    Cantilever collapse.
  87. The general term that describes a variety of means by which an unstable structure, or parts of an unstable structure, can become stabilized is called -
  88. The pattern of collapse that occurs when the floor and/or roof assemblies on both sides of a center wall collapse into what might be seen as opposing lean- to collapses is called a(an) -
    A-frame collapse
  89. A collapse that occurs after the initial collapse of a structure is called a(an) -
    Secondary collapse
  90. Calling out to elicit a response from trapped and hidden victims is known as -
  91. Exit ladders used in trench rescue should be placed in the trench so that the top of the ladder expands at least __ above the top of the trench.
    Three feet
  92. What distance should firefighters cordon off around a trench rescue operation?
    100 feet.
  93. Any sources of vibration should be eliminated with in __ of a trench rescue operation.
    500 feet
  94. During extended rescue operations some departments equip their confined space crew with supplied air respirators in which breathing air is supplied through a hose up to __ in length.
    300 feet
  95. During a trench rescue operation, rescuers may use the OATH method for signaling each other. What does the 'A' stand for?
    • Advance
    • OATH Method
    • O stands for OK - 1 tug on the rope. A stands for Advance - 2 tugs on the rope. T stands for Take-up - 3 tugs on the rope. H stands for Help - 4 tugs on the rope.
  96. What is meant by 'ground gradient' ?
    The tendency of an energized electrical conductor to pass a current along the path of least resistance to the ground
  97. Your engine company responds to a call of down power lines. Upon arrival you find arcing lines on the roadway. As a rule of thumb, how far away should you and your crew remain away from the downed lines, in order to be safe?
    Equal to one span between two poles
  98. Which of the following is the correct order for rescuers attempting to rescue a victim during a water emergency?
    Reach, Throw, Row, Go
  99. Most elevator emergencies often involve an elevator that is stuck between two floors, because either a mechanical or power failure. Unless there is a medical emergency inside the elevator car, what is the best approach for rescuing the elevator's passengers?
    Wait for an elevator mechanic to arrive at the scene and handle the problem.
  100. Which is the correct method for searching a room during the course of a structure fire?
    The perimeter of the room is searched first, followed by a search of the middle of the room
  101. When using a search line system, 2-inch steel rings are tied into the rope along with the correct number of knots every -
    20 ft
  102. Implementing a search line system requires a minimum team of at least -
    3 members
  103. Firefighters who are injured, trapped or disoriented should -
    Activate their PASS devices
  104. The __ is the type of carry in which, a lone firefighter places one arm under the victim's arms and across the back, and places the other arm under the victims knees. Keeping his back straight the victim is lifted to waist height.
    Cradle-In-Arms Lift/Carry
  105. A victim lying horizontal in a face up position is referred to as -
  106. An air knife can almost instantly cut a whole in the ground -
    12 inches wide and 12 inches deep
  107. You arrive at a two car motor vehicle accident. You assign 3 rescuers to assess the scene. Rescuer 1 checks the immediate area around the first motor vehicle. Rescuer 2 checks the immediate area around the second motor vehicle. What does Rescuer 3 do?
    Assesses the entire area around the emergency scene
  108. At the scene of a motor vehicle accident in which their are occupants trapped inside the vehicle, who should be removed first?
    The victims who are not trapped
  109. Once a patient's injuries have been assessed, treatment should begin -
    Simultaneously with preparation for patient removal from the vehicle
  110. Do not touch any cable with __ -colored insulation. Doing so may result in the activation of undeployed air bags or in electrocution.
  111. Which type of building collapse will result in voids being established near the walls of the structure?
    V-type collapse
  112. The primary physical hazards at structural collapses would include all but which of the following?
    Working with hazardous materials contamination
  113. Some fire departments use lighted search ropes that consist of tiny white lights encased in a clear plastic sheath. These lighted search ropes are available in lengths up to -
    300 ft.