Card Set Information
When a muscle attaches to a ball, the end that does not move is called
What muscle extends the head, and moves the shoulders. That is located at the upper back and neck?
Muscle Tone or Tone
What is the normal state of balanced muscle tension required to hold the body in an awake position?
What is the term for functioning without conscious thought or control?
What are muscles under voluntary control called?
What is the muscle that extends and adducts the upper arm that is located around the spine to the chest?
What is the muscle that extends the leg and is located at the front of the thigh?
What is the muscle that helps flex the neck and rotate the head?
What is the muscle that abducts thigh and flexes the leg and is located in front of the thigh?
What is a tough, sheet-like membrane that covers and protect the muscle?
Skeletal, cardiac, visceral
Name 3 types of muscle.
What is an injury to a joint such as an ankle, knee, or wrist frequently caused by overuse and often involves a stretch/ torn ligament?
Injury or overstretching to the body of the muscle or attachment of the tendon.
What muscle adducts and flexes the upper arm; that is located at the upper chest?
Excitability, contractibility, extensibility, elasticity
Name the characteristics of muscle
The end that moves when the muscle contracts is called_______.
Attach to bones to provide voluntary movement, produce heat and energy, help maintain posture, protect internal organs
What are the 4 important functions of skeletal muscles?
What attaches muscle to bone?
What is moving the body part away from the midline?
What system produces movement, protect internal organs, produces body heat, maintain posture?
What is the muscle that forms the shoulder cap and is shaped like an inverted triangle
What muscle flexes the lower arm that is located at the upper arm?
When muscles are not used for a long period of time, they can shrink in size and lose strength.
Chronic autoimmune disease where an abnormality in neuromuscular functions causes episodes of muscle weakness
spasms. Nerve impulses are not transmitted to the brain
What is a sudden, violent, involuntary contraction of a muscle or a group of muscles?
What is a group of inherited diseases that lead to chronic, progressive muscle atrophy?
What is the disease where chronic, widespread pain in specific muscle sites?
What is a severe tightening of a flexor muscle resulting in brnding of a joint?
Process of recording the strength of muscle contractions as a result of a electrical stimulation
What is it called when muscle are partially contracted at all times even when not in use?
What muscle flexes the sole of the foot that is located at the back of the lower leg?
What muscle flexes and inverts the foot that is located in front of the lower leg?
What muscle extends the lower arm that is located in the upper arm??
What muscle moves ribs for breathing that is located between the ribs?
What muscle compresses the abdomen that is located from the ribs to the pelvis?
Name the three main types of muscle tissue
What muscle extends the thighs and is an injection site that is located at the buttocks?
What tissue produces power and movement by contraction of muscle fibers?
What muscle forms the walls of the heart and contracts to circulate blood?
Visceral or Smooth Muscle
What type of muscle is round in the internal organs of the body?
What is a disturbance in voluntary muscle action and is cause by brain damage?