CELS Eukaryotes

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jordan.smith
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205627
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CELS Eukaryotes
Updated:
2013-03-07 04:13:48
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  1. List structures unique to animal cells. (3)
    • Lysosomes
    • Centrosomes with centioles
    • Flagella
  2. List structures unique to plant cells. (4)
    • Chloroplasts
    • Central vacuole
    • Cell wall
    • Plasmodesmata
  3. Complete inventory of the eukaryotic animal cell. (11)
    • Endoplamic Reticulum
    • Centrosomes with centrosoles
    • Flagellum
    • Golgi apparatus
    • Lysosomes
    • Mitachondrion
    • Microvilli
    • Nucleus
    • Plasma membrane
    • Peroxisome
    • Ribosomes
  4. Size of eukaryotic animal cell.
    10-100 micrometres
  5. Size of eukaryotic plant cell.
    0.1-5 micrometres
  6. List 4 basic features of ALL cells.
    • Plasma membrane
    • Chromosomes
    • Ribosomes
    • Cytosol
  7. Overview structure (1) and function (3) of the plasma membrane.
    • Phospholipid bi-layer (7-8 nm)
    • Encloses organelles (eurkaryotes)
    • Selective barrier - allows/restricts passage of nutrients etc
    • Prevents organelle functions interfering with other organelles
  8. Overview structure (4) and function (1) of the nucleus.
    • Enclosed in nuclear envelope - double phospholipid bi-layer
    • Studded with ribosomes
    • Pore complexes through envelope
    • Continuous with endoplasmic reticulum lumen
    • Contains most of cells genes (DNA)
  9. Overview structure (4)and function (1) of ribosomes.
    • No membrane (not organelles)
    • Composed of ribosmal RNA (rRNA) and proteins
    • Composed of large and small subunits
    • Exist as free and bound
    • Function - protein synthesis
  10. Overview structure (3) and function (3) of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum.
    • Continuous with nuclear envelope
    • Large folded membrane
    • No ribosomes
    • Synthesis of lipids
    • Detoxifies poisons
    • Stores calcium
  11. Overview structure (3) and function (3) of the rough endoplamic reticulum.
    • Continuous with nuclear envelope
    • Large folded membrane
    • Studded with ribosomes
    • Distributes transport vesicles
    • Synthesis of membrane
    • Secrete glycoprotiens
  12. Overview structure (1) and function (3) of the Golgi apparatus.
    • Many flattened membranous sacs
    • Modifies products of ER
    • Manufactures some macromolecules
    • Sorts/packages materials into vesicles
  13. Overview structure (3) and function (1) of mitochondria.
    • Double membrane
    • Inner membrane highly folded to increase surface area
    • Semi-autonomous (contains own DNA)
    • Site of cellular respiration process - generates ATP
  14. Overview structure (4) and function (1) of chloroplasts.
    • Double membrane
    • Thylakoids - membranous interconnected sacs
    • Stroma - fluid inside cell
    • Houses own DNA, ribosomes and enzymes
    • Photosynthetic production of sugars
  15. Overview structure (2) and function (2) of lysosomes.
    • Membranous sac of enzymes
    • Acidic internal environment
    • Metabolises food vacuoles 
    • Autophagy - metabolises cellular organic material

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