Med Surg Ch 53 Review Questions

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Med Surg Ch 53 Review Questions
2013-03-07 12:44:38
Med Surg 53 Review Questions

Med Surg Ch 53 Review Questions
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  1. What connects skin to muscle?
    subcutaneous tissue
  2. What tissues cushion the bones?
    Subcutaneous tissue
  3. Which structure cools the body?
    Eccrine glands
  4. What type of equipment should be available when a pt is undergoing a skin test?
    Resuscitation equipment
  5. Where does the epidermis receive its nourishment?
    From the dermis
  6. What is the function of the cerumen?
    The earwax protects the skin from drying out
  7. What is the inner layer of the skin?
  8. What substances are produced when UV rays hit the skin?
    Melanin and vitamin D
  9. Yellow discoloration of the skin is referred to as what?
  10. What is petechiae?
    • Type of abnormal vascular markings
    • Reddish purple hemorrhage spot that is less than 0.5 cm
  11. What should the nurse be concered with for ap t who has a crusted skin lesson?
    • Skin maceration
    • infection
    • dryness
  12. What is the function of melanin?
    Gives color to hair, skin, eyes
  13. What is lichenification?
    Thickening and hardening of skin from continued irritation
  14. What are the major proteins of the skin?
    Collagen and elastin
  15. Mitosis takes place to produce what?
    New cells
  16. Where does mitosis take place?
    Stratum germativum
  17. Why are old people sensitive to cold?
    Less apidose tissue
  18. What is the outer layer of the skin?
  19. What is the most important gland for controlling temperature?
  20. In warm temperatures, what happens to the aterioles in the dermis?
    The arterioles dilate to increase blood flow and loss of heat to air
  21. What is the function of sebum?
    Lubricates skin and hair
  22. What is the transverse depression in nails?
    The bone lines
  23. What is a vessicle?
    a small blister like raised area of the skin that contains serous fluid
  24. How long can a plastic dressing be applied for?
    no longer than 12 hours
  25. Wood's light examination is used for what?
    To detect fluorescent materials in the skin and hair present in certain diseases such as tinea capitis
  26. How long can a wet dressing be applied to a pt?
    No longer than 72 hours
  27. What is the name of the hair condition that a pt may experience?
  28. What is the function of langerhan cells?
    • Type of macrophage
    • destroy pathogens
  29. What is the function of keratin?
    Contributes to the removal of pathogens
  30. What are free nerve endings on the skin?
    receptors for heat, cold, pain, and itching
  31. How does the body conserve heat in cold temperatures?
  32. What is the function of the stratum corneum?
    Barrier against pathogens
  33. What type of dressing would be most appropriate for a skin tear?
    non-adherent dressing