Chapter 5

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emcadeho
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Chapter 5
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2013-03-07 23:16:24
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Musculoskeletal System
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  1. Cup-shaped depression in the hip bone into which the top of the femur fits.
    acetabulum
  2. Part of the scapula that connects to the clavicle.
    acromion
  3. Cartilaginous joint having some movement at the union of two bones
    amphiarthrosis
  4. hinged area between the lower leg bones and the bones of the feet.
    ankle
  5. Cartilage at a joint
    articular cartilage
  6. Point at which two bones join together to allow movement.
    articulation
  7. First cervical vertebra.
    atlas
  8. Second cervical vertera.
    axis
  9. Hard connective tissue that forms the skeleton of the body.
    bone
  10. Upper, rounded end of a bone.
    bone head
  11. Bone cell that ingests dead bone and bone debris.
    bone phagocyte
  12. Sac lined with a synovial membrane that fills the spaces between tendons and joints.
    bursa
  13. Heel bone
    calcaneus
  14. Spongy bone with a latticelike structure.
    cancellous bone
  15. Striated involuntary muscle of the heart.
    cardiac muscle
  16. Wrist
    carpus
  17. Flexible connective tissue found in joints, fetal skeleton, and the lining of various parts of the body.
    cartilage
  18. Thick, circular mass of cartilage between the vertebrae of the spinal column.
    cartilaginous disk
  19. Seven vertebrae of the spinal column located in the neck.
    cevical vertebrae
  20. Curved bone of the shoulder that joins to the scapula; collar bone.
    clavicle
  21. Small bone consisting of four fused vertebrae at the end of the spinal column; tailbone
    coccyx
  22. Hard bone with a tightly woven structure.
    compact bone
  23. Rounded surface at the end of a bone.
    condyle
  24. Bony ridge.
    crest
  25. Long middle section of a long bone; shaft.
    diaphysis
  26. Freely movable joints.
    diarthroses
  27. Also cartilaginous disk
    disk
  28. Also thoracic vertebrae.
    dorsal vertebrae
  29. Joint between the upper arm and the forearm.
    elbow
  30. Lining of the medullary cavity.
    endosteum
  31. Cartilaginous tissue that is replaced during growth years, but eventually calcifies and disappears when growth stops.
    epiphyseal plate
  32. Irregular bone of the face attached to the sphenoid bone.
    ethmoid bone
  33. Sinuses on both sides of the nasal cavities between each eye and the sphenoid sinus.
    ethmoid sinuses
  34. Sheet of fibrous tissue that encloses muscles.
    fascia
  35. Long bone of the thigh.
    femur
  36. Smaller long bone of the lower leg.
    fibula
  37. Deep furrow or slit.
    fissure
  38. Thin, flattened bones that cover certain areas, as of the skull.
    flat bones
  39. Soft, membranous section on top of an infant's skull.
    fontanelle
  40. Opening or perforation through a bone.
    foramen
  41. Depression, as in a bone.
    fossa
  42. Large bone of the skull that forms the top of the head and forehead.
    frontal bone
  43. Sinuses above the eyes.
    frontal sinuses
  44. Long bone of the arm connecting to the scapula on top and the radius and ulna at the bottom.
    humerus
  45. Wide portion of the hip bone.
    ilium
  46. Point at which a muscle attaches to a movable bone.
    insertion
  47. Also cartilaginous disk. or disk
    intervertebral disk
  48. Muscle not movable at will.
    involuntary muscle
  49. Any group of bones with a special shape to fit into certain areas of the skeleton, such as the skull.
    irregular bones
  50. One of three fused bones that form the pelvic girdle.
    ischium
  51. Place of joining between two or more bones.
    joint
  52. Thin, flat bone of the face.
    lacrimal bone
  53. Thin, flat part of either side of the arch of the vertebra.
    lamina
  54. Sheet of fibrous tissue connecting and supporting bones; attaches bone to bone.
    ligament
  55. Any bones of the extremities with a shaft.
    long bone
  56. Five vertebrae of the lower back.
    lumbar vertebrae
  57. Rouded protrusion of the tibia or fibula on either side of the ankle.
    malleous
  58. U-shaped bone of the lower jaw.
    mandible
  59. Also mandible.
    mandibular bone
  60. Connective tissue filling the medullary cavity, often rich in nutrients.
    marrow
  61. Protrusion of the temporal bone that sits behind the ear.
    mastoid process
  62. Bone of the upper jaw.
    maxillary bone
  63. Sinus on either side of the nasal cavity below the eyes.
    maxilary sinus
  64. Soft center cavity in bone that often holds marrow.
    medullary cavity
  65. One of the five bones of the hand between the wrist and the fingers.
    metacarpal
  66. Section of a long bone between the epiphysis and diaphysis.
    metapysis
  67. Bones of the foot between the instep (arch) and the toes.
    metatarsal bones
  68. Contractile tissue that plays a major role in body movement.
    muscle
  69. System of the body including the muscles and skeleton.
    musculoskeletal system
  70. Bones that form the bridge of the nose.
    nasal bones
  71. Space through which the spinal cord passes.
    neural canal
  72. Fibrous mass in the center portion of the intervertebral disk.
    nucleus pulposus
  73. Bone that forms the lower back portion of the skull.
    occipital bone
  74. Curved end of the unla to which tendons of the arm muscles attach; bony prominence of the elbow.
    olecranon
  75. Point at which muscles attach to stationary bone.
    origin
  76. Connective tissue into which calcium salts are deposited.
    osseous tissue
  77. Hardening into bone.
    ossification
  78. Cell that forms bone.
    osteoblast
  79. Large cell that reabsorbs and removes osseous tissue.
    osteoclast
  80. Bone cell.
    osteocyte
  81. Bone that helps form the hard palate and nasal cavity; located behind the maxillary bones.
    palatine bone
  82. Flat, curved bone on either side of the upper part of the skull.
    parietal bone
  83. Large, sesamoid bone that forms the kneecap.
    patella
  84. Cup-shaped cavity formed by the large bones of the pelvic girdle; contains female reproductive organs, sigmoid colon, bladder, and rectum.
    pelvic cavity
  85. Hip bones.
    pelvic girdle
  86. Cup-shaped ring of bone and ligaments at the base of the trunk.
    pelvis
  87. Fibrous membrane covering the surface of bone.
    periosteum
  88. Long bones of the finger and toes.
    phalanges
  89. Bony outgrowth or projection.
    process
  90. Anteroinferior portion of the hip bone.
    pubes
  91. Joint between the two pubic bones.
    pubic symphysis
  92. Shorter bone of the forearm.
    radius
  93. One of twenty-four bones that form the chest wall.
    rib
  94. Next-to-last spinal vertebra made up of five fused bones; vertebra that forms part of the pelvis.
    sacrum
  95. Large flat bone that forms the shoulder blade.
    scapula
  96. Bony depression in the sphinoid bone where the pituitary gland is located.
    sella turcica
  97. Bone formed in a tendon over a joint.
    sesamoid bone
  98. Anterior ridge of the tibia.
    shin
  99. Square-shaped bones with approximately equal dimensions on all sides.
    short bones
  100. Hollow cavity, especially either of two cavaties on the sides of the nose.
    sinus
  101. Bony framework of the body.
    skeleton
  102. Fibrous muscle of internal organs that acts involuntarily.
    smooth muscle
  103. Bone that forms the base of the skull.
    sphenoid bone
  104. Sinus above and behind the nose.
    sphenoid sinus
  105. Column of vertebrae at the posterior of the body, from the neck to the coccyx.
    spinal column
  106. Protrusion from the center of the vertebral arch.
    spinous process
  107. Bone with an open latticework filled with connective tissue or marrow.
    spongy bone
  108. Long, flat bone that forms the midline of the anterior of the thorax.
    sternum
  109. Muscle with a ribbed appearance that is controlled at will.
    striated muscle
  110. Peg-shaped protrusion from a bone.
    styloid process
  111. Groove or furrow in the surface of bone.
    sulcus
  112. Joining of two bone parts with a fibrous membrane.
    suture
  113. Type of cartilaginous joint uniting two bones.
    symphysis
  114. Fibrous joint with no movement.
    synarthrosis
  115. Fluid that serves to lubricate joints.
    synovial fluid
  116. A joint that moves.
    synovial joint
  117. Connective tissue lining the cavity of joints and producing the synovial fluid.
    synovial membrane
  118. Seven bones of the instep (arch of the foot)
    tarsus, tarsal bones
  119. Large bone forming the base and sides of the scull.
    temporal bone
  120. Joint of the lower jaw between the temporal bone and the mandible.
    temporomandibular joint (TMJ)
  121. Fibrous band that connects muscle to bone or other structures.
    tendon
  122. Twelve vertebrae of the chest area.
    thoracic vertebrae
  123. Part of the trunk between the neck and the abdomen; chest.
    thorax
  124. Larger of the two lower leg bones.
    tibia
  125. Protrusion on either side of the vertebral arch.
    transverse process
  126. Bony protrusion at the upper end of the femur.
    trochanter
  127. Seven upper ribs on each side of the chest that attach to the sternum.
    true ribs
  128. Slight bony elevation to which a ligament or muscle may be attached.
    tubercle
  129. Large elevation in the surface of a bone.
    tuberosity
  130. Larger bone of the forearm.
    ulna
  131. One of the bony segments of the spinal column.
    vertebra
  132. Main portion of the vertebra, seperate from the arches of the vertebra.
    vertebral body
  133. Spinal column
    vertebral column
  134. Smooth muscle
    visceral muscle
  135. Striated muscle
    voluntary muscle
  136. Flat bone forming the nasal septum.
    vomer
  137. Bone that forms the cheek.
    zygomatic bone
  138. acetabul(o)
    acetabulum
  139. acromi(o)
    end point of the scapula
  140. ankyl(o)
    bent, crooked
  141. arthr(o)
    joint
  142. brachi(o)
    arm
  143. burs(o)
    bursa
  144. calcane(o)
    heel
  145. calci(o)
    calcium
  146. carp(o)
    wrist
  147. cephal(o)
    head
  148. cervic(o)
    neck
  149. chondr(o)
    cartilage
  150. condyl(o)
    knob, knuckle
  151. cost(o)
    rib
  152. crani(o)
    skull
  153. dactyl(o)
    fingers, toes
  154. fasci(o)
    fascia
  155. femor(o)
    femur, thigh
  156. fibr(o)
    fiber
  157. humer(o)
    humerus
  158. ili(o)
    ilium
  159. ischi(o)
    ischium
  160. kyph(o)
    hump; bent
  161. lamin(o)
    lamina
  162. leiomy(o)
    smooth muscle
  163. lumb(o)
    lumbar
  164. maxill(o)
    upper jaw
  165. metacarp(o)
    metacarpal
  166. my(o)
    muscle
  167. myel(o)
    spinal cord; bone marrow
  168. oste(o)
    bone
  169. patell(o)
    knee
  170. ped(i), ped(o)
    foot
  171. pelv(i)
    pelvis
  172. phalang(o)
    finger or toe bone
  173. pod(o)
    foot
  174. pub(o)
    pubis
  175. rachi(o)
    spine
  176. radi(o)
    forearm bone
  177. rhabd(o)
    rod-shaped
  178. rhabdomy(o)
    striated muscle
  179. scapul(o)
    scapula
  180. scoli(o)
    curved
  181. spondyl(o)
    vertebra
  182. stern(o)
    sternum
  183. synov(o)
    synovial membrane
  184. tars(o)
    tarsus
  185. ten(o), tend(o), tendin(o)
    tendon
  186. throac(o)
    thorax
  187. tibi(o)
    tibia
  188. uln(o)
    ulna
  189. vertebr(o)
    vertebra
  190. Radiography of a joint.
    arthrography
  191. Examination with an instrument that explores the interior of a joint.
    arthroscopy
  192. Radiographic or nuclear medicine image of a bone.
    bone scan
  193. Health care professional who works to align the spinal column so as to treat certain ailments.
    chiropractor
  194. Device that measures bone density using light and x-rays.
    densitometer
  195. Radiographic image of an intervertebral disk by injection of a contrast medium into the center of the disk.
    diskography
  196. A graphic image of muscular action using electrical currents.
    electomyogram
  197. Instrument that measures angles or range of motion in a joint.
    goniometer
  198. Radiographic imaging of the spinal cord.
    myelography
  199. Physician who examines, diagnoses, and treats disorders of the musculoskeletal system.
    orthopedist or orthopedic surgeon
  200. Physician who combines manipulative treatment with conventional therapeutic measures.
    osteopath
  201. Medical specialist who examines, diagnoses, and treats disorders of the foot.
    podiatrist
  202. Test used to detect rheumatoid arthritis.
    rheumatoid factor test
  203. Physician who examines, diagnoses, and treats disorders of the joints and musculoskeletal system.
    rheumatologist
  204. Test for calcium in the blood.
    serum calcium
  205. Enzyme active in muscle contraction; usually phosphokinase is elevated after a myocardial infarction and in the presence of other degenerative muscle diseases.
    serum creatine phosphokinase
  206. Test for phosphorus in the blood.
    serum phosphorus
  207. "Pins and needles" sensation felt when an injured nerve site is tapped.
    Tinel's sign
  208. Test for acid content in urine; elevated levels may indicate gout.
    uric acid test
  209. Stiffening of a joint, especially as a result of disease.
    ankylosis
  210. Severe joint pain.
    arthralgia
  211. Any of various conditions involving joint inflammation.
    arthritis
  212. Wasting away of tissue, organs, and cells, usually as a result of disease or loss of blood supply.
    atrophy
  213. An inflamed bursa at the foot joint, between the big toe and the first metatarsal bone.
    bunion
  214. Inflammation of a bursa.
    bursitis
  215. Spur.
    calcar
  216. Pain and paresthesia in the hand due to repetitive motion injury of the median nerve.
    carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)
  217. Softening of cartilage.
    chondromalacia
  218. Fracture with no open skin wound.
    closed fracture
  219. Fracture of the lower end of the radius.
    Colles' fracture
  220. Fracture with shattered bones.
    comminuted fracture
  221. Fracture with part of the bone displaced.
    complex fracture
  222. Fracture involving extensive soft tissue injury.
    complicated fracture
  223. Fracture with an open skin wound; open fracture.
    compound fracture
  224. Fracture of one or more vertebrae caused by compressing of the space between the vertebrae.
    compression facture
  225. Extreme resistance to the stretching of a muscle.
    contracture
  226. Arthritis with erosion of the cartilage.
    degenerative arthritis
  227. Movement of a joint out of its normal position as a result of an injury or sudden, strenuous movement.
    dislocation
  228. Abnormal tone in tissues.
    dystonia
  229. Inflammation of the epiphysis.
    epiphysitis
  230. A break, especially in a bone.
    fracture
  231. Inflammation of the joints; usually caused by uric acid crystals.
    gouty arthritis, gout
  232. Fracture with twisting or bending of the bone but no breaking; usually occurs in children.
    greenstick fracture
  233. Fracture with no bone separation or fragmentation.
    hairline fracture
  234. Protrusion of an intervertebral disk into the neural canal.
    herniated disk
  235. Abnormal increase as in muscle size.
    hypertrophy
  236. Abnormally reduced muschle tension.
    hypotonia
  237. Fracture in which a fragment from one part of the fracture is driven into the tissue of another part.
    impacted fracture
  238. Fracture that does not go entirely through the bone.
    incomplete fracture
  239. Abnormal posterior spine curvature.
    kyphosis
  240. Benign tumor of smooth muscle.
    leiomyoma
  241. Malignant tumor of smooth muscle.
    leiomyosarcoma
  242. Abnormal anterior spine curvature resulting in a sway back.
    lordosis
  243. Progressive degenerative disorder affecting the musculoskeletal system and, later, other organs.
    muscular dystrophy
  244. Muscle pain.
    myalgia or myodynia
  245. Bone marrow tumor.
    myeloma
  246. Benign muscle tumor.
    myoma
  247. Inflammation of a muscle.
    myositis
  248. Fracture with an open skin wound; compound fracture.
    open fracture
  249. Bone pain.
    ostealgia or osteodynia
  250. Arthritis with loss of cartilage.
    osteoarthritis
  251. Benign bone tumor, usually on the skull or mandible.
    osteoma
  252. Inflammation of the bone marrow and surrounding bone.
    osteomyelitis
  253. Degenerative thinning of bone.
    osteoporosis
  254. Malignant tumor of bone.
    osteosarcoma
  255. Fracture occurring at the site of already damaged bone.
    pathological fracture
  256. Pain felt in a paralyzed or amputated limb.
    phantom limb; phantom pain
  257. Movement therapy to restore use of damaged areas of the body.
    physical therapy
  258. Pain in the big toe, often associated with gout.
    podagra
  259. Benign tomor in striated muscle.
    rhabdomyoma
  260. Malignant tumor in striated muscle.
    rhabdomyosarcoma
  261. Autoimmune disorder affecting connective tissue.
    rheumatoid arthritis
  262. Disease of the skeletal system, usually caused by vitamin D deficiency.
    rickets
  263. Stiffness.
    rigidity
  264. Stiffening
    rigor
  265. Pain in the lower back, usually radiating down the leg, from a herniated disk or other injury or condition.
    sciatica
  266. Abnormal lateral curvature of the spinal column.
    scoliosis
  267. Fracture with no open skin wound.
    simple fracture
  268. Sudden, involuntary muscle contraction.
    spasm
  269. Tending to have spasms.
    spastic
  270. Congenital defect with deformity of the spinal column.
    spina bifida
  271. Abnormal curvature of the spine.
    spinal curvature
  272. Injury to a ligament.
    sprain
  273. Bony projection growing out of a bone; calcar.
    spur
  274. Injury to a muscle as a result of improper use or overuse.
    strain
  275. Partial dislocation, as between joint surfaces.
    subluxation
  276. Inflammation of a tendon.
    tendinitis, tendonitis
  277. Cutting off of a limb or part of a limb.
    amputation
  278. Removal of fluid from a joint with use of a puncture needle.
    arthrocentesis
  279. Surgical fusion of a joint to stiffen it.
    arthrodesis
  280. Surgical replacement or repair of a joint.
    arthroplasty
  281. Transplantation of bone from one site to another.
    bone grafting
  282. Removal of a bunion.
    bunionectomy
  283. Removal of a bursa.
    bursectomy
  284. Forming of a cast in a mold; placing of fiberglass or plaster over a body part to prevent its movement.
    casting
  285. Surgical repair of muscle tissue.
    myoplasty
  286. External appliance used to immobilize or assist the movement of the spine or limbs.
    orthosis or orthotic
  287. Breaking of a bone in order to repair or reposition it.
    osteoclasis
  288. Surgical replacement or repair of bone.
    osteoplasty
  289. Cutting of bone.
    osteotomy
  290. Artificial device used as a substitute for a missing or diseased body part.
    prosthetic device
  291. Return of a part to its normal position.
    reduction
  292. Applying a splint to immobilize a body part.
    splinting
  293. Fusion of two or more spinal vertebrae.
    spondylosyndesis
  294. Removal of part or all of a joint's synovial membrane.
    synovectomy
  295. Surgical cutting of a tendon.
    tenotomy
  296. Dragging or pulling or straightening of something, as a limb, by attachment of elastic or other devices.
    traction

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