6th grade Latin American test
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Who believed the men to be the Aztec god Quetzocoatl returning to destroy and take over the Aztecs?
Quetzocoatl ws described by the prophets as a riding ______ and glowing like the sun, with thunder and lightning as his power
The Aztec army was ________ strong but vastly out-_________ and ______.
- * 300,000
- * gunned
- * armored
Current day Mexico
Heran Cortes and 400 men conquer the Aztec capital of Tenochitilan
Rumored city of gold
left Cuba by ship, landed on the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico and befriended rival tribes of the Aztecs
It was predicted that the Aztec god Quetzocoatl woudl come from ______ seas, the same direction from which the Spaniards came in the same year
Montezuma allowed the _______to come into his palace
What did the Conquistadors do to Montezuma when they entered his palace?
Kidnapped him, took gold and food
What did the Aztecs do to Montezuma for letting the conquistadors into the palace?
What did Cortes do so that no one could return home?
burn the ships
What did Cortes do after he burned the ships?
He ordered samller ships to be built and put cannons on them, then used them to blockade the city of Tenochtitlan so they would surrender
Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizzaro
conquest of the Inca Empire
current day Peru and the region of the Andes Mtns
god, gold and glory
Who entered Peru to search for gold?
Spanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro
In the Inca Empire, who was on his way to being crowned emporer after a long civil war with his brother?
Who did Pizarro capture and what did he do with him?
- Incan emporer Atahualpa
- Pizarro held him for ransom
- Pizarro betrayed Atahualpa after he filled the ransom room and had him strangled. then the Incas fell after his death
Who ruled as governor over Peru until 1541 when supporters of an opposing leader Diego Alamagro II assasinated him at his palace?
Spaniard Francisco Pizarro
Most Olmed cities served as what?
What was traded at the Olmec trade centers?
luxury items such as precious stones, knowledge and ideas
the Olmec did not focus on warfare and conquest, but instead __________other cultures mainly through ____
Who did the Olmec worship?
Who was their main god?
several gods (fire god, corn god)
Main god = juaguar god
The ____ civilization existed from 400 BC to about 900 AD and covered the ________Peninsula and stretched down to the northern parts of El Salvador and Honduras
What helped protect the Maya civilization for 1300 years?
natural barriers such as mountains and water
What is a scientist that looks for and studies evidence from long ago.
Like the Olmec, the Maya were expert ___________-
What did the Maya grow
corn called maize
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