Biology Quarterly Exam

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bressler1
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205775
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Biology Quarterly Exam
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2013-03-07 21:11:44
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Biology Abeka Third Quarter Exam
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Third Quarter Exam
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  1. slender, burrowing, wormlike amphibians
    caecilians
  2. terrestrial form of salamander
    eft
  3. aquatic form of salamander
    newt
  4. largest living amphibian
    Japanese giant salamander
  5. species that never metamorphose but remain in the water as permanent larvae throughout their life
    paedomorphosis
  6. frog obtaining oxygen by its mouth
    buccal respiration
  7. special membrane hold up the pancreas
    mesentery
  8. two additional teeth extend from the roof of the vomer bone of the frog skull
    vomerine teeth
  9. frogs large eardrum
    tympanic mambrane
  10. process where male frog helps the female frog expel egg
    amplexus
  11. control the skin coloration of amphibians as well as many reptiles and fish
    chromatophores
  12. leaping, tailless amphibians with rough, "warty" skin
    toad
  13. leaping tailless amphibians with smooth skin
    frog
  14. all amphibians have a ______ chambered heart
    three
  15. live on both land and in water
    amphibians
  16. five kinds of dinosaurs are:
    • Sea Creatures
    • Pterodactyls
    • Ceratopians
    • Theropods
    • Sauropods
  17. large group of extinct creatures that resemble reptiles in some ways
    dinosaurs
  18. third eye on tuataras
    parietal eye
  19. only species in a family and order of its own, Sphenedon, also known as __
    tuatara
  20. largest living reptiles
    crocodilians
  21. land turtles with feet and claws suitable for terrestrial life
    tortoise
  22. refers to all the members of Chelonia, whether aquatic or terrestrial
    tortoise
  23. largest living turtles
    marine turtles
  24. a state of summer dormancy or limited activity
    estivation
  25. upper shell of a turtle
    carapace
  26. lower turtle shell
    plaston
  27. reptile with a shell and toothless jaws
    turtle
  28. also known as antivenins
    antitoxins
  29. blood poison
    hemotoxin
  30. nerve poison
    neurotoxin
  31. a sensory depression on each side of a snakes large head between the eye and nostril
    pit organ
  32. largest venomous snake
    king cobra
  33. snakes with immovable fangs in the front of the upper jaw
    elapids
  34. hollow or grooved venom-injecting teeth
    fangs
  35. three largest snakes
    • pythons
    • anacondas
    • boas
  36. zoologists who study reptiles and amphibians
    herpetologist
  37. two tiny cavities in the roof of a snake's mouth which contain nerve endings that are extremely sensitive to odor
    Jacobson's organ
  38. The snake's lover jaws are not attached directly to the skull but are attached to a separate ______ which loosely attaches the skull to the lower jaw on each side
    quadrate bone
  39. the fastest known snake
    black mamba
  40. four methods of locomotion
    • lateral undulation
    • rectilinear movement
    • concertina movement
    • sidewinding movement
  41. the snake moves the front part its body forward, coils it slightly to anchor it, and then pulls the back part forward
    concertina movement
  42. the snake alternately stretches and shortens segments of its body in order to creep forward in a strait line
    rectilinear movement
  43. sideways movement of a snake
    lateral undulation
  44. elongated, four legged reptiles with a tapered tail; the most numerous of the reptiles
    lizards
  45. to bring fourth alive from eggs
    ovoviviparous
  46. their body temperature fluctuates with the temperature of their surroundings
    poikilotherms
  47. regulate their temperature by external factors
    cold-blooded animals
  48. covered with down and able to run or swim almost immediately after hatching
    precocial
  49. naked and helpless at hatching
    altricial
  50. In response to the presence of the egg, the adult loses feathers on its belly to expose a patch of skin called a _____.
    brood patch
  51. keeping the eggs warm, usually by an adult bird sitting on them, so that the young birds will develop properly in the eggs
    incubation
  52. unlearned knowledge that an animal possess from birth
    instinct
  53. dense, twisted cord that attaches the the yolk and acts as a support for the yolk
    chalaza
  54. The bulk of the yolk body is a fat-rich food source for the tiny embryo, which develops at a special location called the ____.
    germinal spot
  55. route for migration
    flyways
  56. annually moving to a different region
    migration
  57. birds voice box
    syrinx
  58. The _____ of a bird is completely different from that of any other living vertebrate.
    Respiratory system
  59. special excretory gland located above each eye
    salt gland
  60. very muscular and is lined with horny plates that act as millstones to grind that food
    gizzard
  61. serves as a storage chamber and releases food to the rest of the digestive system at a proper rate
    crop
  62. The ability to attract birds to flowers
    nectar guides
  63. third eyelid of birds
    nictitating membrane
  64. gradually gaining great heights while flying
    soaring
  65. stiff quill
    rachis
  66. strong feathers found on the birds body, wings, and tail
    contour feathers
  67. special feathers on the wing that provide the necessary shape for flight
    flight feathers
  68. characteristic unique to birds
    feathers
  69. the fastest of any living creature
    peregrine
  70. the largest living land bird of North America
    California condor
  71. birds have a ___ chambered heart
    four
  72. two footed anatomy that leaves the wings free for flying
    bipedal
  73. zoologists who study birds
    ornithologists
  74. scientific term for egg white
    albumen
  75. retractable group of feathers on front of wing
    alula
  76. study of fossils
    paleontology
  77. made of bone and shed every year
    antlers
  78. marine ecosystem, streamwater meats with seawater
    esuary
  79. symbiotic relationship, one benefits, the other is neither harmed nor helped
    commensalism
  80. dutch naturalist, devoted live to microscope
    Leeweenhoek
  81. father of anatomy
    vasailius
  82. living factors in environment
    biotic
  83. principle, animals and plants suited live
    natural selection
  84. alternate untested solution to a problem
    hypothesis
  85. primates with tails
    • monkeys
    • leamers
  86. animals with vertebrates are characterized by
    their backbone
  87. mammals have ___ symetry
    bilateral
  88. biomes characterized by harsh winters, long summers, little or no permafrost
    Northers Coniferous Forrest
  89. classification relationship between organisms
    tropic level

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