HISTORY FINALS

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MARVINKNIGHT2
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205849
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HISTORY FINALS
Updated:
2013-03-08 05:52:27
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CIVIL RIGHTS
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  1. Metaphor articulated by Eisenhower, referring to unstable nations asdominoes, with the United States being obligated to prevent the dominoes from“falling”, which would begin a process of Communist world domination
    DOMINO THEORY
  2. American project during World War II designed to harness the power ofthe atom and create an atom bomb.
    MANHATTAN PROJECT
  3. FederalAct passed in 1862 that awarded 160 acres to settlers who occupied the land forfive years
    HOMESTEAD ACT
  4. Theory that states that tax cuts would produce new investment which would, in turn, generate an increase in federal revenues; these revenues would eventually “trickle down” it the lower classes in the form of more jobs.
    SUPPLY SIDE ECONOMICS
  5. Complete expulsion of an entire ethnic population from a particular area.
    ETHNIC CLEANSING
  6.  Pact that cemented an alliance of Western nations; prompted by the Berlin Crisis.
    NATO
  7. The 1964 massacre for over two hundred Cheyenne by Colorado militiamen during the ‘Indian Wars”.
    SAND CREEK MASSACRE
  8. Organization, founded in 1820, dedicated to fighting infringements on civil liberties, including free speech.
    AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION (ACLU)
  9.  Facilitating the economic and political maturation of developing nations; political strategy employed by President Kennedy.
    NATION BUILDING
  10.  Legislation outlawing all discrimination in public facilities based on color, religion, sex, and national origin, and establishing the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission to investigate violation of the law in employment.
    CIVIL RIGHTS ACT of 1964
  11.  Program meant to ensure that a certain percentage on company’s employees are minorities or that a certain percentages of government contracts are given to minority-owned business.
    AFFIRMATIVE ACTION
  12.  Right-wing Nicaraguan guerilla group during the 1980s.
    TRADE DEFICIT
  13. Mechanized belt that moved a product down a line where each worker performed a single small task, over and over again, until the product was completed.
    ASSEMBLY LINE
  14.  Legislation passed in 1919 which laid down strict punishments for violating the Eighteenth Amendment.
    VOLSTED ACT
  15.  Supreme Court decision of 1973 which struck down laws in forty-six states that a limited a woman’s access to safe, legal abortion.
    ROE v. WADE
  16. Crowded factory in an urban setting often one where workers are exploited.
    SWEAT SHOPS
  17.  a device by which petitioning citizen can, with a majority vote, dismiss state officers, governors, and judges who are deemed to violate the popular interest.
    RECALL
  18.  state and local laws, usually passed in southern states that mandated racial segregation in public facilities including schools, restaurants, and rail cars.
    JIM CROW LAWS
  19.  Post civil war laws specifically written to govern the behavior of African Americans; modeled on the slave codes that existed before the civil war.
    BLACK CODES
  20.  Famous 1925 court case that resolved around astate law prohibiting the teaching of evolution in Tennessee schools; JohnScopes, a young teacher,
    SCOPE MONKEY TRIAL

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