220 eye,

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elevatedsound7
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205856
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220 eye,
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2013-03-08 08:49:39
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220 eye,
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  1. If you see white going across the top of the eye that means there is ...
    A protrusion of the eye.  You should check the thyroid
  2. pupil is
    the black dot in middle of the eye
  3. Limbus =
    border between cornea and sclera
  4. sclera =
    white part of the eye
  5. conjugate gaze =
    eyes working together to follow something
  6. disconjugate gaze =
    when eyes do not follow or look at the same thing
  7. oblique muscles cause what when they contract
    they turn the eye
  8. the rectus muscles when they contract they do what to the eye
    move up, down, righ t, left
  9. 6 eye muscles =
    • superior rectus
    • inferior rectus
    • lateral rectus
    • medial rectus
    • superior oblique
    • inferior oblique
  10. internal layers of eye =
    • outer = sclera
    • middle = choroid
    • Inner= retina
    • inner inner = vitrous body
  11. what is it called when someone does not notice you do to eye damage
    neglect
  12. visual reflexes =
    • pupillary light reflexes =
    • fixation
    • accommodation
  13. direct pupillary reflexes vs
    consentual =
    • direct = pupil constricts when light is shined in it
    • consentual = when pupil of eye constricts when opposite eye has light shinned in it
    • deals with cranial nerve 2 and 3
  14. fixation
    reflex of eye towards a person or thing of attention
  15. cover test =
    • covering one eye and see if the covered eye drifts away and then snaps back = weak muscle
    • glasses in babies correct this
  16. accomodation
    • look far away = dilate
    • look close = eyes converge and constrict
  17. glaucoma =
    increased occular pressure
  18. Macualr degeneration =
    • peripheral vision ok
    • central vision defficit
    • dengeneration of macule of eye
  19. senile arcus =
    • deposit of lipids around the eye
    • does not change vision
  20. as you get older what happens to pupils
    they get smaller
  21. Strabismus =
    cross eyed
  22. diplopia =
    double vision
  23. foreign body sensation =
    feel like something in your eye
  24. subjective data
    health history question =
    • vision difficulty
    • pain
    • strabismus, diplopia
    • redness, swelling
    • watering discharge
    • hx. of ocular problems
    • glaucoma
    • glasses or contacts
    • self-care behaviors (do you go to the dr.? Use eye drops?)
  25. additional history question for aging adult
    • visual difficulty
    • glaucoma test
    • cataracts
    • eye dryness
    • decreased activities
  26. numerator of snellen chart =
    20 ft away from test
  27. denominator of snellen chart =
    • how you vision compares to normal vision
    • bigger bottom # the worse the vision
  28. 20/80 =
    you can see at 20 ft what a normal person sees at 80 ft
  29. Jager chart =
    like news print tests to see if person can read close up
  30. equipment for eye tests
    • snellen chart
    • handheld visual screener
    • opaque card or occluder
    • penlight
    • applicator stick = used to depress eye lid to remove foreign body
    • Ophthalmoscope
  31. confrontation test
    tests peripheral vision compared to pt
  32. EOM
    • extraoccular movement
    • have pt follow finger side to side u and down to each side and look for ability to move eye and nystagnus
  33. pink eye =
    conjuctivitis = inflammation of conjuctiva
  34. lacrimal apparatus =
    tear duct
  35. PERRLA=
    pupils equal round reactive to light and accommodation
  36. one thing PERRLA doesnt ask
    pupils concentual = pupil react alond with the other
  37. accommodation =
    eyes move in and constrict with near vision
  38. xanthelasma =
    patch of lipid tissue on top eye lid
  39. exopthalmus  =
    prtruding eye
  40. enopthalmos =
    sunken eyes
  41. upward palpebral slant happens in
     own syndrome
  42. ptosis =
    drooping of upper eye lid
  43. periorbital edema  =
    • edema around the orbit
    • puffiness around the eye
  44. iritis =
    redness all around the iris of the eye
  45. important to look at light reflection of the eye why
    • see if the light is reflected in the same please on each eye
    • means difference in shape of the eye

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