Asthma

Card Set Information

Author:
Dollop7995
ID:
205860
Filename:
Asthma
Updated:
2013-03-10 16:00:05
Tags:
Health Social
Folders:

Description:
Health and Social, As Level
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  1. What is asthma?
    • it is caused by inflammation of the airways.
    •  muscles around the airways tighten and increase in mucus production
    •  less air can travel through the airways
  2. What causes asthma?
    • There is no single cause of asthma, certain things may increase the likelihood of developing it
    • Exposure to the following (may increase your risk of developing):
    • Family history of asthma
    • Developing another condition (allergy)          Having bronchitis as a child
    • Being exposed to tobacco
    • Being born prematurely
    • Asthma trigger- fur, dust, pollen
  3. Symptoms of asthma
    • Wheezing
    • Tightness in chest
    • Difficulty breathing
    • Coughing
    • May find it difficult to exercise
  4. Types of treatment for asthma
    • Medical interventions
    • councelling
    • lifestyle changes
  5. Medical interventions for asthma
    • Preventers: relieve asthma symptoms quickly, used during an attack, relax the muscles
    • Relievers: work over time to reduce inflammation and prevent an attack, used daily.
    • Spacers: used to increase the amount of medication that reaches the lungs. Help people who struggle to use inhalers.
    • Steroids: used for 1 to 2 weeks, for severe asthma and are usually taken orally. Reduce inflammation in airways.
  6. Life style changes for living with asthma
    • Stop smoking
    • Take medications
    • Avoid triggers
    • Eat healthy
    • Maintain a healthy weight
    • Exercise regularly
  7. Councelling and asthma
    • Usually for those where hospitals stays may be necessary due to severe asthma
    • Patients who are prone to depression may require councelling
    • Not relevant to most asthma patients
  8. Physical impacts of living with asthma (6)
    • Coughing
    • Wheezing
    • Tightness in chest
    • Gasping for breath
    • May find it harder to exercise
    • May find it difficult to sleep at night
  9. Emotional impacts of living with asthma
    • Embarrassment: of having an asthma attack, or having to use inhaler
    • Worry/anxiety: of having condition
    • Depression: time off work or school, being away from friends
  10. Intellectual, social and financial impacts of living with asthma
    • Intellectual: may miss school, learn about condition
    • Social: may not go out, become withdrawn
    • Financial: no major impacts
  11. Physical impacts of the treatment of asthma
    • Side effects of inhaler and preventer medication: mild shaking, muscle cramps, headaches
    • Preventer inhaler can cause infection in mouth
    • Side effects of steroids: high blood pressure, weight gain, diabetes.
    • May find giving up smoking dificult.
  12. Intellectual, social, emotional and financial impacts of the treatment of asthma
    Intellectual: will learn about asthma and how its treated

    Social: may become with drawn, may not go out

    Emotional: worry or stress about having to use inhaler

    Financial: no major impacts, free on NHS

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