Patient Care: Test Two 3/11
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. What would you like to do?
In the case of an electrical fire:
Turn off the electricity at the main power, call 911, use proper fire extinguisher.
In class Tracey said to disconnect power, call 911 and shut the vault door
In case of fire: R.A.C.E.
- R- Rescue
- A- Alarm
- C- Contain
- E- Extinguish
Class ___ fire involves solid combustibles.
Class ___ fire involves liquids or gases.
Class ___ fire involves electrical fires.
- A- solids
- B- liquids or gases
- C- electrical
In case of electrical fire, use Class ___ fire extinguisher only.
Lying on one side
- Lateral Recumbent
- (like fetal position)
Lying on side with one leg in front
Supine with upper body elevated
Supine with upper body partially elevated
Head is lower than the feet, at an approximately 15° angle
Prone with knees under body
Easily one of the the most humiliating positions ever- brace for impact!!! ☺
Supine with knees bent and feet in the air (stirrups)
- (ob-gyn position)
Surgically formed fistulas from the large and small bowel through the abdominal wall that terminate in an external opening called a stoma:
Colostomy or Ileostomy
A bluish color to the skin, indicating lack of oxygen:
A cold sweat:
- -could indicate high level of pain
Difficulty breathing while laying down:
Temperature is controlled by the __________
What are the normal temperature ranges for oral, rectal and axillary?
- Normal ranges:
- Oral temp- 96.8°-99.8°F
- Rectal temp- 0.5°-0.1°F higher than oral
- Axillary temp- 0.5°-1.0°F lower than oral
Pyrexia or hyperemia (also known as a ______) is ________°F or higher in adults.
An abnormally rapid pulse > 100BPM
Normal pulse in adults:
Normal adult rate of respiration:
12-20 breaths per minute
Greater than 20 breaths per minute:
Noisy breathing or wheezing:
Blood pressure is expressed as:
- Systolic (95-140)
- Diastolic (60-80)
Normal systolic range:
- 95-140 mm Hg
- (measures pumping action)
Normal diastolic range:
60-80 mm Hg
(Indicates ability of arterial system to accept pulse of blood when left ventricle contracts)
What makes up the majority of cells in the blood:
Red Blood Cells
What is the life span of red blood cells?
Normal ranges: Red blood cells (RBC)
Men: 4.5 - 6 million per mm3
Women: 4 - 5.5 million per mm3
Newborns: 5 - 6.5 million per mm3
This is found in the interior of the red blood cell, and its primary function is to carry oxygen to lungs to tissue and carbon dioxide from tissue to lungs:
Normal ranges: Hemoglobin
CRITICAL <8 grams per 100mL
- Men: 14 - 18 grams per 100mL
- Women: 12 - 16 grams per 100mL
- Newborns: 14 - 20 grams per 100mL
This indicates the percentage of red blood cells per unit of blood volume and a centrifuge must be used to measure it:
Normal ranges: Hematocrit
Men: 42 - 52%
Women: 36 - 46%
CRITICAL <32 - 34%
This component of the blood defends the body against invading bacteria, viruses and cancer cells; and they develops from stem cells in the red bone marrow:
White blood cells (WBC)
Normal range: White blood cell
5,000 - 10,000 per mm3
CRITICAL < 2,000 per mm3
What is the life span of a white blood cell?
- 10 days
- (except for lymphocytes which is 100 days)
Which is more radio-sensitive: red blood cells or white blood cells?
White blood cells
-the shorter the life span the more radio-sensitive
What blood type is the universal donor?
What blood type is the universal recipient?
A test to determine the presence and/or extent of infectious conditions and inflammatory processes that are usually systemic in nature:
- Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
- (ESR or sed rate)
This substance is a byproduct of protein metabolism:
This measures the amount of waste products from the breakdown of hemoglobin (normally filtered by the liver)
Decrease or stoppage of blood flow to tissues due to contraction or constriction of vessels:
A state of general ill health and malnutrition, electrolyte & water imbalance, progressive loss of body weight, fat & muscle:
Calorie malnutrition observed in patients who are slender:
Protein malnutrition; characterized as retarded growth & development, muscle wasting, de-pigmentation of hair & skin, edema, and depression of the cellular immune response:
Skin reactions from xrt may persist ____ to ____ after treatment.
6 months - 5 years
Stages of skin reactions:
- Epilation- 15Gy
- Erythemia- 20Gy
- Dry Desquamation- 30Gy
- Moist Desquamation- 40Gy
- Necrosis- 50Gy
The Early stages of skin reactions to xrt (which include dryness, red inflamed areas, white or yellow membrane, mild burning sensation) occur at what dose range?
Esophagitis occurs at what dose:
Mucositis & stomatitis occur at what dose:
Nausea & vomiting occur at what doses:
Diarrhea occurs at what dose?
What types of areas are more sensitive to skin reactions to xrt?
- -Sites where two skin surfaces touch (ie. rolls)
- -Sites where two fields touch/overlap
- -Sites where skin surface is thin & smooth
- -Skin trauma/surgical scar sites
- -Areas of inflammation
Epilation occurs at what dose?
Erythemia occurs at what dose?
Dry desquamation occurs at what dose?
30Gy dry dersquamation
Moist desquamation occurs at what dose?
40Gy moist desquamation
Necrosis occurs at what dose?
What would you like to do?
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