The flashcards below were created by user
"to succeed in reaching a particular goal
I wonder if Mark will eventually achieve the career he is dreaming of.
not too expensive
belonging to a period of history that is thousands of years in the past
Socrates lived in ancient Athens.
"if one thing is associated with another
The town council are trying to find solutions to the problemsassociated with rush hour traffic.
to use violence to try to hit or kill sb
the way that you think and feel about sb/sth
the group of people who have gathered to watch or listen to sth
Many actors prefer live audiences to acting in front of a camera.
An average car costs much less than a Mercedes.
He wasn?t aware of the danger and almost got killed.
"the part of a picture
a photo with the sunset in the background
"a fight between armies
a film that many people have been to see
to separate into smaller pieces
an important development that may lead to an agreement or achievement
a major breakthrough in medical research
the money that is available to a person or an organisation in order to do sth
"Our budget for our summer holidays is about 2
all the people who act in a play or film
"?Titanic? had an exceptional cast
i Can be used either with a singular or plural verb.
two or more things joined
The accident was caused by a combination of dangerous driving and bad luck.
expressing an opinion about sth
The minister said he had no comment to make about the incident.
the ability to direct your attention towards one thing
You have to use all your powers of concentration when you take a listening test.
"to be made up of
"Your composition should consist of an introduction
"to build a road
The Rio Antorio suspension bridge was constructed in 2004.
a long narrow passage in a building
to make sth happen or exist
The pupils created some beautiful paintings in their art class.
a group of people with special skills working together
a film crew
to show and explain how sth works or how to do sth
Mr Ferris demonstrated how the computer program worked and explained several details.
the small facts or features of sth
"When they returned
"having a strong desire to do sth
John is determined to win the first prize in the next school chess competition.
do (sth) for a living
do to earn the money to pay your expenses
What does John do for a living?
a film or TV programme giving facts about sth
BBC documentaries on wildlife are very interesting and educational.
"draw a conclusion (drew
The authorities are carefully studying the accident in order todraw conclusions about road safety on highways.
to find yourself in a place/situation that you do not want to be in
He started stealing when he was only ten years old and at 15 he ended up in prison.
"a long film or book that contains a lot of action
"the main film you go to see at the cinema
the shape of a person
Can you see those two figures in the distance?
"to get some information about sth/sb by asking
"a set of rooms for living in
Do you live in a house or a flat?
to trick sb into believing sth that is not true
"Alice pretended she was sorry
"In the summer
to produce or create sth
This device burns any kind of paper and generates heat.
ready to give or share things with other people
get involved in (sth)
to give a lot of time or attention to sb/sth
"Fran had a lot of free time at the weekends
get rid of
to throw sth away
the main or general meaning of a piece of writing
(informal) a man
At the end of the film the bad guy gets shot.
a small number of people or things
"It will be a quiet gathering
people sometimes say ?hey presto? when they have just done sth so quickly and easily that it seems to have been done by magic
"The magician put the ribbons into the hat and
"an area of land that is higher than the land around it
"a picture of sb/sth seen in a mirror
Make sure the image is clear before you take a picture.
the ability to create pictures in your mind
I never said I would give you any money ? it?s all in yourimagination!
i Do not confuse imaginative (a person who has a lot of imagination) with imaginary (a person or thing that exists only in one?s imagination).
the powerful effect that sth has on sb/sth
the impact of tourism on a country?s economy
of great value
It?s important that students do not miss classes.
What?s your impression of the new English teacher?
in their own right
because of their own merit or value
not costing a lot of money
We stayed at a small inexpensive hotel.
Be careful ? this rat poison is so dangerous that it could kill you instantly!
everything you can see when you look across a large area of land
that is connected to the organisation necessary to make a complicated plan successful
i Also logistical (adj)
very comfortable and expensive
a luxurious hotel
connected with the ability to handle objects skilfully
to be a sign that sth new is going to happen
This speech may mark a change in government policy.
"to be equal
to be important or have an important effect on sb/sth
"It doesn?t matter if you?re late
in the period of time between two times or two events
"I?ll pop to the shops for some groceries. Meanwhile
to increase or make sth increase very much in number or amount
to see or hear sb/sth; to become aware of sb/sth
Did you notice Megan?s new haircut?
on the part of
made or done by somebody
It was a mistake on the part of our secretary.
sth that you can choose to have or do
You have two options to choose from: French or Spanish.
ordinary people like you and me
to do more or better than sb else
in a way that shows strong feelings of enthusiasm for sth or belief in sth
Josh is passionately involved in computer games ? he spends many hours in front of the screen.
Pick whichever colour you like best.
plug (sth) into
to connect a piece of electrical equipment to the main supply of electricity or to another piece of electrical equipment
Your hairdryer won?t work ? you haven?t plugged it into the socket!
the way in which sb is sitting or standing
"To do this exercise
The theatre was practically empty.
"to be in charge of preparing a film
"The film didn?t cost much to produce
advertising used to increase the sales of a product
attention from the media
There was a lot of publicity for the film ?The Lord of the Rings?.
how good or bad sth is
These shoes are expensive because the leather they are made of is really good quality.
easy to identify
Their house is easily recognisable ? it?s painted bright green.
official rules that seem more complicated than necessary and prevent things from being done quickly
"When we decided to move our shop to a new location
Driving a car requires extreme concentration.
"a great change in conditions
The Internet brought about a revolution in communication.
a thing that you are given because you have done sth good or worked hard
a reward for good behaviour
a satisfying job
"a part of a film
Action scenes in ?James Bond? movies are really spectacular.
to look for
"the dark areas in a picture
i Shade can also mean a particular form of a colour
to make a film or photograph of sth
"having enough ability
Skilled workers are hard to find these days.
to go out with people and have fun
"a member of an army
"unusual or exciting pieces of action in films or TV programmes
the rate at which sb/sth moves or travels
The accident happened because the car was going at topspeed.
to make sth move or happen faster
"If you are going to finish that job by the end of the day
unusual or surprising
That?s a very strange pen; where did you find it?
"to state sth indirectly
right for a particular purpose
to use time or space for an activity
taking a lot of time
"a time-consuming task
a thing that helps you to do your job or to achieve sth
"Language can be a very powerful tool
following older methods and ideas rather than modern or different ones
traditional methods of teaching
"a great success
Judy?s master?s degree was certainly a personal triumph.
not wanting to do sth and refusing to do it
I can?t explain why Luke?s so unwilling to help Miranda.
a number of different types of the same thing
Have you tried that new variety of ice cream called ?Red Fruits??
"unusual or exciting pictures
"(of sb?s imagination) able to form pictures of ideas
He spent the whole day writing.
a piece of metal in the form of thin thread that is used to carry an electric current or signal
to have the result or effect you want
My plan worked.
a long way
a night out
an evening that you spend enjoying yourself away from home
I prefer a night out at a dance club to going to the cinema.
I don?t think it is appropriate to wear jeans to a funeral.
be in the way
to block or stop sb from moving or doing sth
The traffic warden told us to move our car because it was in the way.
break the bank
spend more money than you can afford
by the way
phrase used for adding sth to the conversation
the act of stating reasons for not being satisfied with sth
"On the whole
feeling or showing happiness and enthusiasm
The children were excited about opening their presents.
find your way
to find the right route to a place
"If you can?t find your way to my office
to manage to live using the money you have
get my own way
"to get or do what you want
Young children become very upset when they can?t get their own way.
give (sb) a ring
to phone sb
go out of my way
to make a special effort to do sth
Please don?t go out of your way to prepare something special for lunch; a quick snack will do.
a family that has people staying at their house
to deliberately pay no attention to sth you know about
Ignore the details and concentrate on the main ideas.
let (sb) know
look forward to
to be thinking with pleasure about sth that is going to happen
The whole family was looking forward to our trip to Disneyland!
make (sb) feel at home
to make sb feel comfortable
to write or speak about sth without giving much information
Don?t even mention his name. I hate him!
on my way
during the journey
"On your way home
to ask for sth in a polite way
request a brochure from a travel agency
interesting places in a town or city
I?m looking forward to going to Rome and seeing all thesights.
like sb/sth but not exactly the same
We are good friends with Vicky mainly because we havesimilar interests.
a person who does not eat meat or fish
"to wait without doing very much
The actors had to wait around for an hour before the director arrived.
to use more of sth than necessary
Don?t waste time watching TV all evening ? get on with your homework!
it seems to be
the feeling or mood that you have in a particular place or situation
The hotel offers a friendly atmosphere and personal service.
Newborn babies need all our attention.
a large woollen cover for a bed
the process of caring for sb/sth and providing what they need
to think about sth carefully
I?m considering giving up my job and going to live in the countryside.
a new event or stage that is likely to affect what happens in a continuing situation
The article presents the latest developments in education.
arranged or expected
We are due to start our French lessons next week.
a person who shares a flat with someone else
to give attention to one particular thing or subject
It?s Ken?s last year of studies so he should focus on his final exams.
a stage in the development of a product
give (sb) a lift
to take sb to a place by car
go to the trouble
to try hard to help sb
You don?t need to go to the trouble of making up a bed ? I?ll sleep on the sofa.
to give sth to sb in authority
"When do we have to hand in our compositions
to carry sth
to put your arms around sb and hold them tightly
"to communicate with sb
Games help children learn how to interact with each other.
a small computer that can work with a battery and be easily carried
"a building in which collections of books
when you stay in bed longer than normal in the morning
I thought I?d have a lie-in this morning as there?s no school today.
the way that sth is done or happens
to start to live in your new home
We need to make some repairs to the house before we move in.
to change your position in order to make room for sb
Do you mind moving over a bit to make room for another chair at the table?
a place where small children are cared for while their parents are at work
"to watch sb/sth carefully
I love the good old-fashioned cooking of my grandmother.
to make sth clear to sb
He pointed out that it was Sunday and so the shops would all be closed.
doing an activity regularly so that you can improve your skill
"With some more practice
to show that sth is true
"I know Liam is responsible for the mistake
prove to be
be discovered that it is
I?m sure this film will prove to be a great success.
to tell sb that sth is good and that they should try it
Can you recommend me a good book to read?
"to think of sth
I don?t regard this problem as very serious.
"the function or position that sb has or is expected to have in an organization
the role of the teacher in the classroom
the ability to speak
I seemed to have lost the power of speech.
a person or thing that you use instead of the one you normally use
Raw cane sugar is a healthier substitute for regular sugar.
the act of choosing when sth happens
Good timing is very important in the achievement of your goals.
a young child who has just learnt to walk
a thing that helps you to do your job or to achieve sth
research tools like questionnaires
to behave in a particular way towards sb/sth
You should always treat elderly people with respect.
to catch your foot on sth and fall or almost fall
Be careful not to trip over the children?s toys lying on the floor.
to get used to a new situation
"According to the advertisement
i Also: advert (n) or ad (n)
to come near
As you approach the school you?ll see the forest.
a curved structure
at one stage
sometime in the past
sth that you can find or buy
Photocopies are available free of charge in the school library.
to do things in a particular way
If you can?t behave yourselves then you will have to leave the classroom.
angry and unhappy
John was very bitter when he lost his job after twenty-five years.
an arrangement you make in advance to buy a ticket or travel somewhere
I think I?ll make a booking for the Friday performance.
the line that divides one country from another country
The robbers were over the border before the police could catch them.
a container for bread
can?t get your head around
find sth difficult to understand
I really can?t get my head around how she persuaded me to lend her such a big amount of money!
a famous person
the money that you pay for goods or a service
There will be no charge for the delivery of the new fridge.
The lieutenant gave the command and his men started firing.
Microsoft is the biggest software company in the world.
worried about sth
I?m concerned that you?ve been missing a lot of classes lately and your marks have been going down too.
the ability to do sth dangerous and not feel afraid
Mary showed great courage in the face of danger.
a boat or ship
a skilled person who makes sth by hand
the place at a port or airport where your luggage is checked
an official or formal statement
taking goods to the people who have ordered them
a delivery van
the need of customers for goods or services
There is a huge demand for ice cream and soft drinks at the caf during the summer months.
the place you are travelling to
the opening where a door fits
The teacher?s long absence had a negative effect on the students? progress.
needing little or no effort
a person who is paid to work for a company
It is a huge company with hundreds of employees.
to give sb a way of doing sth
Internet Explorer enables you to surf the net.
to ask for information
a belief that sth will happen because it is likely
The expectation is that our 100-metre champion will get a gold medal at the Olympics.
a short passage from a book
services or equipment provided for a particular purpose
used to say that an idea or suggestion seems reasonable
"If you don?t like horror films
to complete a form with information
If you want to take part in the competition then fill in this form.
flight of stairs
a series of steps between two floors
i We also say a flight of steps
people in general
to communicate sth and be understood
to control a vehicle/machine/tool
have (sth) to spare
to have more than you need of sth
"used to emphasise that what you are saying is true
in the way of
used to talk about the types of sth that are available
In our village there isn?t much in the way of nightlife.
i Used in questions and negative sentences.
to spend money on sth which you believe will make a profit
to continue doing or using sth and not want to change it
Aunt Beth always visits us on my birthday; she has kept tothis habit since I was born.
when an aeroplane touches the ground
The experienced pilot made a very smooth landing.
one or a few printed pages given free of charge to advertise or give information about sth
a long-distance flight
a female servant
to be successful in your career
I couldn?t believe my ears when they told me Tess had made it as a top model!
"to be upset
It?s OK; I don?t mind staying in tonight.
to reduce the effect of sth
to fail to do or have sth
"I wasn?t feeling very well
having qualities that people do not see or fully understand
a misunderstood artist
to change the place where you live
"After ten years in the city
sth that makes it difficult for you to achieve sth
The fact that he didn?t have a university degree was anobstacle to his career.
a person who is in a position of authority in a large organisation
on or in a ship/train/plane
a person in charge of a telephone system
Call 4355 and the operator will put you through to the person you want to talk to.
"at the beginning
"This building was originally a school
something that is wrapped in paper so that it can be sent by mail or given as a present
"a person who is travelling in a car
You know perfectly well we simply cannot afford to buy a new car this year.
a feeling of being happy
"I read books for pleasure
happening before the event you are talking about
The previous owner of the car was a careful driver so it is in very good condition.
land and buildings
"to give sth
The company Phone Away provides much cheaper Internet access than the other phone companies.
to suggest an idea
All the staff were asked to put forward ideas for saving money.
"rooms that are provided for soldiers
"to ask a question/questions
a written list of questions that people answer so that you can get information about their opinion
a fence made of metal bars
to get well again after an illness
It took me a week to recover from the flu.
a number that shows where sb can find a piece of information
arrangement to rent sth
person who lives in a particular place
a small round loaf of bread for one person
the normal order and way in which you regularly do things
"If you make exercise part of your daily routine
run to schedule
happen according to an official timetable
a worker higher in rank or status than others
"a number of
a series of articles in the newspaper
"a person who cleans
your name as you usually write it at the end of a letter
You must put your signature and the date in the box at the bottom of the form.
to leave sth in a liquid for some time to get wet
empty area or area available for use
It took us a long time to find a parking space.
stand up for
to say sth to show that you support sth/sb
"a level of quality
to suffer or die because of lack of food
The puppies were starving when we found them but we?ve given them plenty to eat and they seem much better now.
"a surface where you put your foot when you go up to a different level of a structure
to be convenient or useful
Does two o?clock suit you for the meeting?
an investigation of the behaviour or opinions of a group of people
take into consideration
to think about sth when you make a decision
take it easy
be cool and not get upset or stressed
take its toll (on)
to cause a lot of damage
The heavy rain took its toll on Berlin ? a lot of buildings were flooded and there was chaos in the streets.
take part in
to participate in
How many Greek athletes took part in the 2004 Olympics?
a set of buildings at an airport
"We?re leaving from Heathrow Airport
the dizzy heights of fame
an important position
the courage to do sth
I just didn?t have the nerve to ask for a pay rise.
to open sth that is fastened or tied with buttons or a zip
to take things out of a suitcase
"to stop worrying
worth a lot of money
I can?t work out the answer to this question.
a person taking an exam
Nearly half the FCE candidates worldwide are Greeks.
"connected with the natural conditions in which people
The documentary highlighted some important environmentalissues.
a person who writes or asks the questions in an exam
"to add details
to become better than before
Kevin?s Spanish improved significantly once he got the job in Madrid.
to continue for a particular period of time
The film lasts about two hours.
a district or an area of a town
surf the internet
to use the internet
I was surfing the internet looking for information on Indian music.
take a deep breath
to take a lot of air in through your mouth and nose
At the top of the mountain I took a deep breath.
not right for a particular purpose
a great deal
feeling or impression that is given by sb/sth
"Despite being an amateur
an alien culture
to be written or mentioned somewhere
The author?s name appears on the cover of the book.
"to have a strong desire to become sth
At the moment Cindy is working as a secretary but sheaspires to greater things ? she hopes that one day she?ll be the manager of the company.
speaking two languages very well
"a place in a school
"to say that sth is true
Brian claims that his great grandfather was a prince.
the state of being together in the same place at the same time
to live in a peaceful coexistence with your neighbours
being difficult to understand
to admit that sth is true
"a short course of lessons
to begin to happen
an accepted way of behaving or of doing things in a society
to begin to realise sth for the first time
It suddenly dawned on me that the reason nobody had phoned me on my birthday was that I had switched my mobile phone off.
"to gradually grow or become bigger
The small seaside town quickly developed into a major port.
the part of the port where goods are loaded onto ships
to move along slowly in water or air
Ben switched off the engine and the boat drifted slowly down the river.
to think or believe that sth will happen
We are expecting very cold weather next weekend.
to become less bright
These curtains have been at the windows all summer and the sunlight has faded them.
an area that is surrounded by farm buildings
"a popular way of behaving
Those days the fashion was to invite the whole village to your children?s weddings.
to be the right shape or size
These jeans fit me perfectly; they?re exactly what I needed.
to get sth
After all the rich food I ate at Christmas I gained three kilos!
the pedal you press to control the speed of a vehicle; BrE =accelerator
Genuine CDs are a lot more expensive than the cheap copies you can buy on the street.
to look quickly at sth
Martha glanced at her watch and told me the time.
The children stared at the gleaming sports car.
When he heard about the accident he hastily put on his coat and rushed out of the house.
sth that suggests what will happen
"I?ll give you a hint as to what your present is ? it?s small
a small problem
an alcoholic drink made of apples that is made at home
to involve yourself completely in sth
"to make clothes
not serious or important
a minor problem
used to suggest that sth is not important so one shouldn?t worry or be upset
"?I can?t come to the cinema tonight.? ?Never mind
the room at a newspaper office where news is received and prepared for printing
not all it is cracked up to be
not as good as people think or expected
the state in which sb/sth has been forgotten
He spent most of his life working in obscurity.
to take up a lot of space or time
My father?s huge desk occupies nearly the whole room.
very difficult experience
the power of description which produces feelings of sadness or pity
(from French) a shop that sells cakes
a picturesque village
to make shiny
steadily and continuously
The music got progressively louder as we neared the disco.
in a way that is correct or appropriate
"There?s something wrong with the coffee-maker
being near sb or sth
sth which you have bought
Mrs Melton put her purchases into her bag and left the shop.
"a platform where boats come in to load
to manage to do sth important
Amy would do anything to realise her dream of becoming a pop star.
After all the hard work I?ve done over the last two years I think it?s reasonable to ask for a pay rise.
the feeling of happiness that you have when sth unpleasant stops or does not happen
News of the children?s safety came as a great relief.
to be left
A lot of food remained at the end of the party.
to take sth/sb away from a place
It took days to remove the trees that had fallen across the streets during the hurricane.
sth or sb who takes the place of sth or sb else
"We need a replacement for MIke
to look or be like sb
Of course they resemble each other ? they?re twins!
"to make a very loud
The lions roared as they ran into the circus ring.
cooked in an oven or over a fire
connected with the countryside
(sb?s) mind boggles
"sth is so unbelievable that you find it hard to believe
in a very embarrassed way
to speak loudly or angrily to sb
Please don?t shout; just tell me what?s wrong.
to become smaller
an act or the sound of taking and then letting out a long deep breath
"?I don?t have much time
to look at sb or sth for a long time
When I told Jason that he had won the lottery he just staredat me in amazement.
steam away from
to move away from a place on a boat
(in Mathematics) to take a number away
What do you get if you subtract 15 from 33?
to be enough for sth
One example will suffice to explain the meaning of this word.
"The superiority of this computer is clear ? it?s faster
"a feeling sth is wrong
I have a suspicion that she isn?t telling the truth.
in a careful way so that nobody gets annoyed or upset
to look like an older person in your family
to understand what you see or hear
to gain control of a company
to use time or space for an activity
a light hit
the point of no return
"the time when you must continue with what you have decided to do
"a powerful motor vehicle with two large and two smaller wheels
At the end of the story the frog turns into a handsome prince.
that you do not know or recognise
"At first I felt very uncomfortable with all those unfamiliarfaces around me
used to emphasise that you are talking about a particular thing or person and not about another
That?s the very thing I need.
long rubber boots that you wear to walk through water or mud
"a period of time that a young person
a rough idea
a general idea
"a place to live
Accommodation in a five-star hotel is very expensive.
to go somewhere with sb
How many teachers will accompany the students on their trip?
to let sb do sth
You are not allowed to use a calculator during the test.
as far as (sth) is concerned
"As far as cooking is concerned
"to be present somewhere
apart from this
a comfortable bus for long journeys
an event in which people compete with each other to find out who is the best at sth
a large official meeting
tell sb that you are pleased because he/she has achieved sth
I congratulated Helen on passing her driving test.
money given to an organization to help pay for sth
completely sure about sth
Ken seemed convinced his brother would come first in the competition.
date before which sth must be finished
The deadline for handing in our compositions is this Friday.
a person elected to represent a group of people
to give support or confidence to sb
to give a book a title
a planned public or social occasion
a fund-raising event
"without having to pay yourself
to give the money to pay for sth
The new motorway will be financed by the government.
get benefit (from)
to get an advantage from sth
showing thanks to sb
a teacher who is in charge of a school
used when you want to mention another person or thing after sth else
"In addition to popcorn
a sign that shows that sth is happening
to become a member of sth
My dad joined the army in 1990.
to form an opinion about sb or sth
"Judging by what she said
a group of experts who give their advice
to take part in an activity
All students are invited to participate in the school play.
sth given to sb who is a winner
The first prize is a three-day break in London!
to make sth move faster
(sth) takes it out of you
(sth) tires you a lot
take advantage of
to use well
Take advantage of the sales and buy your new computer now!
take care of
"to look after
The school song contest will take place on November 6th.
to develop well
"cannot be done quickly
a letter that requires action on the part of the recipient
the place where an event takes place
a person who teaches or does research at a university
"According to Nick
the language spoken by millions of people in North Africa and the Middle East
to organise and do sth
Scientists are conducting research into the effects of television on young children.
the words that come just before and after a word or phrase and help you to understand its meaning
an act of counting to find the total number of sth
to be important
Megan?s friendship counts a lot to me.
"the customs and beliefs
that may soon no longer exist
Our organisation helps endangered animals by protecting them from being hunted.
a thing that is true rather than something that has been invented
"a journey made by a group of people
a short holiday in the middle of each term
the language spoken by millions of people in India
to suggest that sth is true
to find out information and facts about a subject or problem by study or research
The police are investigating the burglary at the City Hall.
keep a record of
to keep a written account of sth
probable or expected
to have a meaning that you can easily understand
This phrase doesn?t make sense; what do you think it means?
a person who speaks a language as their first language
to include a variety of things
Metalex manufacture products ranging from buckets to cars.
not long ago
Have you seen Liam recently?
at regular intervals or times
a careful study of a subject
connected with science
a scientific discovery
situation when there isn?t enough of sth that is needed
There are water shortages on the island in the summer.
a small possibility of sth happening
building where things are stored
"continuing to live despite danger
a list showing the times at which particular events will happen
Check the timetable and see when the first train to Bristol leaves tomorrow morning.
to move from one place to another
to pass sth from one person to another
I will try not to transmit my fear of heights to my son.
without any doubt
the purpose of doing sth
Our main aim is to help students with their future careers.
at the end of the day
used to introduce the most important fact after everything has been considered
an interesting place to visit
burst into tears
to suddenly start crying a lot
Jill burst into tears when she heard that her cat had died.
to do and complete a task
In our Chemistry class we often carry out experiments in our lab.
a group of people who share a common interest
something that must be thought about when you are planning or deciding sth
a living thing
We should respect all living creatures.
easily damaged or broken
"Our eyes are very delicate
The downside of working from home is that you can get lonely with no colleagues to talk to.
work done to earn money
"to provide money for sth
The museum is privately funded.
to take sth in a hurry or violently
in the hope of
because you want sth to happen
Susan did a crash course in French in the hope of getting that job in Paris.
"impossible to believe
"the people and activities involved in producing a particular thing
causing other events to happen one after another in a series
to allow sb/sth to be free
The little girl was scared and wouldn?t let go of my hand.
to stop sth from increasing
connected with the sea
official actions done to achieve sth
The headmistress took measures to reduce bullying in school.
to be more impressive than sb/sth
to express sth in different words
to make a note of sth that might need to be changed
Our teacher asked us to pencil in the trip to Paris in our diaries.
point of view
a particular way of considering or judging a situation
"From a passenger?s point of view
"measurement of sth
"to collect money
to be careful about sth
Young people should respect the elderly.
sth you do apart from your normal job in order to earn extra money
the place where sth comes from
The school library is a source of information for both students and teachers
a person or company that organises tours
turn out (to be)
to prove to be
The job turned out to be more interesting that I had thought.
a person who does a job without being paid for it
in a few words
the main ways that large numbers of people receive information and entertainment
an outdoor swimming pool
i Only used before a noun.
"to send or use sth for help
"If you get lost
an answer to sth
"I sent three letters to Diana
the long turn
this is the name of the task you will need to perform in the Speaking exam ? you have to speak for one minute about two photos that the examiner will show you
"a thing that sb has done successfully
Winning the tournament was an extraordinary achievementfor such a young athlete.
difficult acts or movements with the body
money that you pay to go into a building or to an event
to take a child into your family as your own child
"As they couldn?t have any children of their own
a person who is used by a government to find out secret information about other countries or governments
James Bond is supposed to be a secret agent for the British government.
a special event that people organise in order to show that a day or an event is important
"a group of entertainers
a ride at a fairground that goes up and down very steep slopes and that people ride on for fun and excitement
i Also: roller coaster.
a group of buildings of a similar type together in one place
the protection of the natural environment
a group of people involved in a particular job or activity
"When Jason joined the diplomatic corps
to provide enough money for sth
Two hundred euros should cover your travel expenses.
to eat dinner
an act or the process of finding sb/sth not known before
to officially remove sb from their job
He was dismissed because he was always late for work.
a situation in which people behave violently in a public place
something that is given to a person or an organisation such as a charity
We are grateful for even the smallest donations to our charity.
to put on special clothes to pretend to be sb/sth different
The girls love to dress up as princesses.
to start to do sth new or difficult
"Before you embark on home repairs
a sudden or unexpected meeting
This chapter describes the encounter of young Lizzy and a fox in the woods.
The cinema is my favourite entertainment.
used to emphasise that the whole of sth is involved
The entire island was destroyed by the earthquake.
exciting and unusual because it is connected with foreign countries
brightly coloured exotic flowers
far and wide
"We?ve searched for our cat far and wide
the activities that are organised to celebrate a special event
New Year?s festivities
without a floor
an organisation that is established to provide money for a particular purpose
liking to enjoy themselves
to manage to do or complete sth
of high quality and often expensive
i Only before a noun.
a place from which an organisation is controlled
Most companies prefer to have their headquarters in the city centre.
the measurement of how tall a person or thing is
a large machine of the latest technology at an amusement park
a thing that is very popular
a hit musical
The film was a huge success; it sold millions of tickets.
making you feel admiration
in the open air
happening outside rather than inside a building
"In the summer
to live in a particular place
The summer house has not been inhabited for more than a year.
very surprising; impressive; making you feel respect and admiration
kick (sb) out of
to make sb leave or go away
They were kicked out of the pub because they were drunk and started to cause trouble.
to be annoyed with myself because I have done sth stupid
She?ll kick herself when she realises she could have won the competition.
We?d better kick off with the meeting at nine ? or is it too early?
kick up a fuss
to complain loudly about sth
Did you have to kick up a fuss about such a silly mistake?
"When I was a kid
a small black and white whale that eats meat
"the action of sending a spacecraft
most important or most successful
My brother has just been offered the leading role in a new TV series!
i Only before a noun.
a set of items or events arranged to follow one another
There is a very interesting line-up of documentaries on TV this week.
"if sth is located in a particular place
The bedrooms are located on the first floor.
i Not used before a noun.
"to succeed in doing sth
a large number or amount of sth
a massive rock
making you feel very excited or anxious because you do not know what is going to happen
i Usually before a noun.
existing in large numbers
a chance; a time when it is possible to achieve sth
Their offer was such a good opportunity that we decided not to miss it.
"to entertain an audience by playing a piece of music
perform in front of a live audience
to move your hand gently over an animal or a child in a kind and loving way
"to say or do sth to show that you disagree with or disapprove of sth
Students took to the streets to protest against the decision.
a line of people waiting for sth or to do sth
"When I saw the huge queue at the bank
the act of saving sb/sth from a dangerous or difficult situation
"As soon as the man heard the boy scream
Most highways have a speed restriction.
to make sth known to sb
"When the scandal was revealed by the press
a large seal that is found on the shores of the Pacific Ocean
something that is known about by only a few people and not told to others
A good friend should keep your secrets and not tell anyone else.
a period of time that is spent doing a particular activity
a session with his personal trainer
a safe place for sb
a spacecraft designed to be used for travelling between the earth and a space station
a piece of equipment that artificially creates a particular set of conditions so that sb may experience sth that seems real
a South American animal that lives in trees and moves very slowly
to turn or make sth turn round and round quickly
Some ice skaters can spin incredibly fast on the ice.
the best of a group
"The star prize of the competition is a trip to London
i Usually before a noun.
a strong hard metal that is made of a mixture of iron and carbon
a kind of flat sea fish with a long tail
a level of a building
the lower storey of the house
from one end or side of sth to the other
tend (to be)
to be likely
"Our village is up in the mountains
the sky?s the limit
there is no limit to what sb can achieve
"a large park where people go to enjoy themselves
people who live in a particular town
The townspeople were offered free day-passes to the resort.
a person who is being taught how to do a particular job
a long hard walk
I don?t think going back on foot is a good idea; it?s a longtrek back home.
a clever action that sb performs as a way of entertaining people
The magician?s last trick was unbelievable!
This five-star resort and spa guarantees the ultimate holiday for relaxation.
very special or unusual
Don?t miss this unique opportunity to meet the film star in person!
making you feel happier or more hopeful
American English for ?holiday?
i Vacation also means: one of the periods of time when schools are closed.
sth that transports people from one place to another
"to tell sb about sth
"covered with or containing liquid
used to express a doubt or choice between two possibilities
a place that provides shelter or protection for wild animals
a spoken or written statement that informs people about sth
Pete and Josie?s announcement of their wedding took us by surprise.
"friendly and easy to talk to
the music used in a film
They decided to make the trip despite my warnings about the storm that was approaching.
to leave school or university without finishing your studies
"Diane?s parents begged her not to drop out of university in her final year
in spite of what has happened
"Even though she was so horrible to me
a place where a movie is filmed
to have no pictures
in order that
so that sth can happen
The company opened new offices in Paris in order that they can promote European sales.
in spite of
"In spite of the danger
to tell two or more people who have not met before what each other?s names are
May I introduce your new English teacher? She?s from New York.
one of a regular series of magazines or newspapers
"You have made serious mistakes in your work Mr Hadley.Moreover
in spite of sth you have mentioned
"I trust him but nevertheless
a film that has just been made available to the public
"with the body
"to print a letter
the opinion people have about sb
Stella has a reputation for being dishonest so don?t leave your purse lying around.
"the flat surface at the front of a television or computer
"a story about the lives of a group of people
dangerous act in a film
i Don?t confuse it with terrifying which means frightening.
"a series of short scenes from a film
a group of three books or films that have the same subject
turn my attention to
start being involved in
"When I became bored with waterskiing
not a professional
a famous person?s signature
a small group of musicians who play popular music together
be out of tune
to not be singing or playing the correct musical notes to sound pleasant
"a long seat for two or more people
to write music
wanting to know more about sth
I?m curious to find out what Philip?s ?exciting news? is.
"very bad accident
a person who admires sb/sth very much
i Also: fanatic (n)
having or bringing an advantage
"to start sth
hand (sb sth)
to pass or give sth to sb
The airport official handed us our passport and told us to go to gate 32.
hold a concert
to organise a concert
to make a long loud sound
in my view
in my opinion
"In my view
"when other people
to give sb the desire or enthusiasm to do sth well
Great athletes often inspire children to get involved in sport.
to do sth that stops sb else from what they were doing or saying
lay the table
"to arrange knives
to learn or understand sth completely
master a foreign language
a person or an animal that belongs to a particular group
Janine is a very close friend; she?s practically a member of the family.
an object used for producing musical sounds
sth that is difficult to understand or to explain
a short item of important news that is broadcast on radio or television
sth that happens
containing a lot of a particular thing
My handbag was so packed with things that it took ages to find my mobile phone.
"to produce or present a play
to practise a play or a piece of music
"The band rehearsed for six hours
relative; a person who is in the same family as sb else
"a report in which sb gives their opinion of a book
The new play must be good; it has received excellent reviews.
in a way that shows good judgement
"As Liam wasn?t feeling well
encouragement that you give to sb because you want them to be successful
"When I lost my job
"to have an idea that sth is probably true or likely to happen
there?s no stopping us
nothing can prevent us from achieving what we want to achieve
to allow or accept sth that you don?t agree with
Our teacher is very strict and won?t tolerate anyone talking in class.
unpleasant; slightly cruel
Karen?s unkind comments really upset my sister.
not less than
She must be at least 40.
(of a wind) very cold and unpleasant
to be unable to accept something unpleasant
impossible to prevent or avoid sth
I can?t help eating chocolate! I just love it!
"I can?t stand cold weather
having a lot of people or too many people
the last match in a series of matches in a competition
to not do sth until a later time or to make sth happen at a later time
"an act of showing sth happening
an amazing display of acrobatics
to want to do sth
"a display of small devices containing powder
get hold of
manage to find
How on earth did you get hold of Madonna?s autograph?
My sister is keen on jazz.
liking sth/sb very much
My son is mad about football; he never misses a match.
make a fuss
to pay a lot of attention to sb
make it to
to be able to be present at a place
full of or covered in wet earth that is soft and sticky
my idea of
my impression of what sth is like
Going to a football match is not my idea of fun; I find it incredibly boring.
"to disagree with
Most local people object to the new highway.
to arrange for an event to take place at a later time
"Judith came down with the flu
to behave in a way that makes other people believe sth that is not true
"I pretended to like Mum?s roast chicken
not very good or impressive
A hundred euros per night is too much money for such asecond-rate hotel.
stumble over my lines
to make mistakes and stop while speaking in a play or film
"sth pleasant that you give to
Going to the zoo is a special treat for me and my brother.
involving the work of many people
a collaborative effort
to ask sb formally to do sth
"At the end of the presentation
reach a decision
to arrive at finally making a decision
It?s quite difficult to reach a decision when many people take part in a discussion.
a piece of work that sb has to do
to measure how long it takes for sth to happen
to speak when it is your time to do so
as is commonly the case
in the way that sth usually happens
be better off
to be happier or more satisfied
I think we?ll be better off if we take a taxi. It?s too late to walk back home.
be bound to
to be certain to happen
He?s bound to tell you about his new car ? he never talks about anything else.
any of the hard parts that form the skeleton of the body of a human or an animal
short trousers fastened blow the knee
to ask sb for sth because you can?t pay for it yourself
cadge a lift
to find the answer
"I?ve calculated that we need another 2
a vehicle with two or four wheels pulled by a horse
a large pipe for passing smoke from a fire into the open air
a point where two things are connected
Maria goes to church every Sunday and has deep religiousconvictions.
a place where two roads meet and cross each other
sadness because you haven?t succeeded
They divided the birthday cake into 15 pieces.
to let fall by accident
Oh no! I?ve dropped the vase and broken it!
made of hard-baked clay
an earthenware pot
connected with life on earth
a short journey to buy/get/do sth for sb
"a short passage from a book
"We should all demonstrate against war
a lot of money
"When his uncle died
thin layer of white ice that appears when temperature reaches freezing point
a covering for the hand with separate parts for each finger and the thumb
to examine sth carefully in order to find sth
happen (to be)
to do or be sth by chance
Come round for a cup of coffee next time you happen to bein town.
have in common
have similar characteristics
"My sister and I have a lot in common; we both like books
to put or keep sb/sth in a place where they/it cannot be seen or found
a hollow space in sth solid or in the surface of sth
The bomb blew a huge hole in the ground.
in the form of
"the particular way sth is
Help in the form of money will be very welcome.
a small object sb gives you so that you can remember them
to connect one place to another
a flat piece of metal that is given to the winner of a competition or to sb who has been brave
to notice that sb or sth is not where they should be
We?re missing about five pieces for this puzzle ? it?s so annoying.
a short sentence that expresses the beliefs of a person or an institution
out of reach
at a distance so that sth cannot be reached
Jenny put the cake tin out of reach on a high shelf so the children wouldn?t be able to get it.
a tube through which liquids or gases can flow
a water pipe
"small area of water
a fish pond
sth that you own
My little sister?s most treasured possession is her teddy bear.
"a person who sells chickens
the state of being poor
A lot of people in third world countries live in poverty.
a small amount of water that has collected in one place
used to mean ?fairly? or ?to some degree?
It was a rather difficult question.
to find sth which was missing
suddenly and by a large amount
The road fell sharply away to the sea below.
a short time (ago/in the future)
Your friend left shortly before you arrived.
to move on special shoes over ice
"if the ground slopes
an area around or near a stable (where horses are kept)
to put sth in a safe place
He stowed his penknife away in a pocket of his backpack.
a person who is in a place that they have not been in before
take (sb?s) fancy
to attract or please sb
The shiny Christmas decorations took the baby?s fancy.
when ice turns back into water
the true situation
"Ken told me Lyn might be in trouble. If that?s the case
to send sth from your hand through the air by moving your hand or arm quickly
the quality of being able to be seen through; sth like ice or glass
a treasured memory
an area of low land between hills or mountains
"a container made of glass
(of water) to carry sth in a particular direction
Most of the leaves in our garden were washed away by the heavy rain.
very typical of
a shorter form of a word
?Won?t? is a contraction of ?will not?.
a type of food that is prepared in a particular way
Moussaka is a traditional Greek dish.
an arrangement when two people or groups from different countries visit each other?s homes
to travel around a country or place in order to learn about it
not far away
the parts of a town or city that are furthest from the centre
It takes me a long time to get to the centre because I live on the outskirts of the city.
"a place where ships load and unload goods
a suggestion about the best thing to do
a journey on a river visiting or looking at different places
right or appropriate for a particular purpose or occasion
This programme is not suitable for children.
that is near or around sth
Oxford and the surrounding area.
a plan or preparation that you make so that sth can happen
make arrangements for the weekend
"a grey or white mass made of very small drops of water
The sun went behind a cloud.
the quality that makes you continue trying to do sth even when it is difficult
I admired her determination to get it right.
suddenly and very much
The price of gas has increased dramatically in the last two months.
a statement about what will happen in the future based on information that is available now
"an area with trees and/or flowers
"to have a plan
We finished later than we intended.
what sb plans to do
I have no intention of going to her party ? I hate her!
an act of saying that you are willing to do sth for sb or give sth to sb
Thank you for your kind offer to help.
all the people who live in a particular area
What?s the population of Greece? About eleven million people.
statement about what you think will happen in the future
"to tell sb that you will definitely do sth or not do sth
Promise not to tell anyone!
sth that is available to use
"the act of washing plates
to clean and put things in a room in their proper place
"Mum doesn?t mind if I bring friends over to play
giving reason to believe that good things will happen; likely to be successful
This young musician has a bright future.
by means of
with the help of sth
Most young people nowadays communicate by means ofcomputers or mobile phones.
"to exchange information
to travel regularly between your place of work and your home
Thousands of people commute into London every day to work.
following what is traditional or the way sth has been done for a long time
I?d rather cook my dinner in a conventional oven than in a microwave oven.
i Usually before a noun.
to harm or spoil sth/sb
Smoking seriously damages your health.
There was an enormous black dog behind the front gate.
in the end
Marian is an exceptional artist; you really ought to see her dance!
to want sth
Do you fancy going out tonight?
fit in (with)
I don?t know how well Fay will fit in with her new classmates.
able to change to suit new conditions or situations
flexible working hours
any material that we burn to produce heat or power
all people born at the same time
My grandmother?s generation lived through some very hard times including war and poverty.
all the people living together in a house
Most households these days have at least one car.
the effect that sb/sth has on the way a person thinks or behaves or on the way that sth works or develops
What exactly is the influence of TV on children?
to try to deal with two or more activities at the same time so that you can fit all of them into your life
serious and important
a meaningful discussion
the regular way in which sth happens or is done
the changing patterns of weather
to place sth firmly in a particular place
"As soon as we reached the top
the building and the area around it that a company uses
to stop working because you have reached a certain age
involving a great or complete change
revolutionary advances in science
a rewarding job
run out of
to finish all of sth
to be convenient or useful to sb
Choose a computer to suit your needs.
amount of sth that is available
"When the village was cut of by snow
the rat race
"the way of life of people living and working in a large city
to get rid of sth that you no longer want
to an extent
to use all of sth so that there is none left
It?s no wonder you?ve used up all the hot water! You?ve been in the bath for ages!
made to appear to exist by the use of computer software
"a picture in your imagination
a vision of a world without war
using more of sth than is necessary
It?s important to teach younger generations not to bewasteful of energy resources.
an object like a fence that prevents people from moving forward from one place to another
The crowd had to stand behind barriers.
the things that have happened to you that influence the way you think and behave
"In my experience
a period of unusually hot weather
A lot of elderly people died in France during the heatwave of 2003.
how well or badly you do sth
The head teacher congratulated me on my performance in class!
sth that you do because sth else has happened
What was Paul?s reaction when you told him the good news?
to have a connection with sth
I think this photograph here is related to the subject of the text.
I have repeatedly asked you not to disturb me when I?m working!
a piece of cloth that is worn around the neck
a person who supports a particular sports team
I?m a Manchester United supporter.
happening or done once every year
an annual meeting
living in or near water
bear in mind
to remember or consider sth
"If you want to come back by train
bob up and down
to move quickly up and down
Can you see that red thing bobbing up and down in the water? That?s our ball ? we dropped it into the lake by mistake.
a strong connection between people
a fast sailing boat with two hulls
funny or amusing because of being strange or unusual
the movement of water in the sea or a river
It?s too dangerous to swim here as strong currents could sweep you out to sea.
the top outside floor of a ship
We sat on deck and enjoyed the fresh air.
to put sth somewhere
the place where the surface ends
Don?t put your glass on the edge of the table ? you will knock it off.
connected with people?s feelings
a child?s emotional and intellectual development
an event in sb's life that is important or interesting in some way
"sth which is equal in amount
That American jeep costs the equivalent of my yearly salary!
"far away from home
a place where particular fish or animals are bred
to go where sth is and bring it back
Will you fetch me a drink from the fridge?
to make sth start to exist and develop
I formed many close friendships at college.
with a lot of energy or anger
get the hang of
to learn how to do sth
Cross-country skiing seems difficult at first but you?ll soonget the hang of it.
the place where a particular kind of plant or animal lives
in a way that seems strange because it is not what you would expect
"The job offer was improbably good
happening because sth else has happened
Share prices slipped in sympathy with the German market.
a new plan for dealing with a problem
The headmistress has introduced a new initiative aimed at reducing the number of pupils who fail their final exams.
into the wild
to their natural environment
done without hurrying
We like to have a leisurely breakfast on Sundays.
The newspaper men were given licence to photograph all the rooms in the royal palace.
a way of winning a prize or money if the ticket numbers you have bought are chosen by chance
make my way
a name that is not accurate
a fungus with a round flat head and short stem
a field mushroom
very bad and unpleasant
The nasty smell was coming from a huge rubbish heap on the pavement.
a particular time when sth happens
We only eat out on special occasions like a birthday.
to swim with short movements of your hands or flippers
"The dog paddled out into the river
"to beat rapidly in an irregular way
The bird?s heart was palpitating wildly as I held it in my hand.
a person sb lives with as a wife/husband but to whom he/she is not married
"the action of going across
the ship?s passage through the canal
to touch sb?s feet with your feet in a playful way
a special right
a series of actions that you do for a particular purpose
The process of buying a house can actually take as long as three months.
to discourage sb from doing sth
a long line of rocks near the surface of the water
to set free
"It is not a good idea to release animals who have only lived in zoos into their natural habitat
in a very silly way
to walk around without a definite direction
"Jenny roamed the streets for hours
"if sth is scarce
The fog was so thick that Tom could scarcely see half a metre in front of him.
to swim underwater using special breathing equipment as a sport
a sea mammal with short fur that eats fish
to create sth or start it
an extremely tall building
to pay for the cost of an event
A lot of international companies sponsor the Olympic Games.
"After the accident
a thin piece of wood that has fallen or been broken from a tree
(of an insect or plant) to touch your skin or make a very small hole in it so that you feel a sharp pain
to move with a lot of force
to fasten a small piece of paper or plastic to sth to identify it
The zoologist tagged two foxes in order to study their hunting and breeding patterns.
take (sth) at face value
"to believe that sth is what it appears to be
"Taken at face value
to try to persuade sb to do sth
"I should really finish my work
an expected way of behaving
Paula has a tendency to be late so don?t be surprised if she doesn?t turn up on time.
the worse for wear
in a poor condition after doing sth difficult
"a lot of vehicles in the streets that move very slowly
"a large reptile with a hard round shell
Reading is of vital importance if you want to widen your vocabulary.
up to the middle of your body
a young person or a child
Youngsters aged five to 11 get a 50% reduction.
"to solve a problem
"As a head teacher
that you can depend on
It?s a small car but it?s very dependable.
to go away from a place
A lot of people deserted their villages in the 1950s in France.
The main drawback to living in the countryside is the lack of a decent social life.
to have to deal with a difficult situation
I am faced with a difficult decision. Should I study in the US or Britain?
used to tell sb that they are allowed to do sth
Please feel free to come and see me any time you wish.
to not feel comfortable in a situation
It felt strange not knowing anyone in the room.
feel up to
to feel physically capable of doing sth
I don?t really feel up to walking around the gardens. I?ll wait here for you.
to feel uncertain or nervous about doing sth
He hesitated for a moment before knocking on the door and entering.
"not connected with others
an isolated village in the mountains
last but not least
not less important than others
unhappy because you have no friends or people to talk to
"At first she felt quite lonely
i Do not confuse lonely with alone which means: without other people or other people?s help.
"the main area of land of a country
to claim; to say that sth is true when it may not be
Do you think the Marshals are as rich as they make out to be?
deliberately not expressing any strong feeling
on the other hand
used to show a contrasting opinion
"the process of making air
Air pollution is a major problem in cities.
"that can be trusted
a reliable friend
"an attempt to find sth/sb
The search for the little girl goes on.
to state the main points of sth in a short way
"At the end of his speech
05 USE OF ENGLISH (Student's Book pp50?51)
a person in your family who lived a long time ago
Our ancestors came to the village about 200 years ago.
"a person who studies the human race
a light narrow boat which you move along in the water with a paddle
a period of 100 years
a new or difficult task that tests sb?s ability and skill
an exciting challenge
the regular pattern of weather conditions of a particular place
the threat of global climate change
to take control of an area or a country that is not your own and send people from your own country to live there
Spain colonised many parts of South America.
the state of being finished and complete
Students are given a certificate for satisfactory completion of the course.
"one of the large land masses of the earth such as Europe
"a plant that is grown in large quantities
Coffee is a crop that doesn?t grow in cold climates.
brave; willing to do dangerous or unusual things
an argument or discussion expressing different opinions
a heated debate about taxes
"a period of ten years
I distinctly heard May say she?s never been abroad.
to come or go into sth
Knock before you enter.
to make sb feel a particular emotion
The news about new taxes excited criticism from taxpayers.
a journey for a special purpose usually to discover sth
a plant with large delicate leaves and no flowers that grows in wet areas
a long narrow strip of sea between high cliffs
the origin and history of the rocks and soil of a particular area
a large mass of ice that moves very slowly down a valley
Remove dead leaves to encourage growth.
to cause physical pain to sb/yourself
in a way that is very difficult to believe
to arrive somewhere in a plane or a boat
The astronauts will be landing on the moon in three hours from now.
"a large area of land
impressive because of size or beauty
a majestic castle
a member of a race of people who were the original people living in New Zealand
"the movement of large numbers of people
the process of getting coal and other minerals from under the ground
Diamond mining is a major industry in South Africa.
By the time we arrived the meeting was over.
a group of people who are doing sth together such as travelling or visiting somewhere
The school is taking a party of 40 children to Russia.
the pointed top of a mountain
lasting for a long time
a permanent job
"sb from Polynesia
to stop sb from doing sth
The purpose of this course is to teach students the basic principles of Chemistry.
unusual or surprising in a way that causes people to take notice
Lucy has made remarkable progress in the spring term.
far away from where people live
to relax or do nothing after a period of activity or illness
to telephone sb/sth
not joined to anything
a person who goes to live in a new country or region
sign of (sth)
There is no sign of John anywhere.
(of mountains and hills) covered with snow on top
i Literary use.
to spread over an area of land
Fields and hills stretched out as far as we could see.
to continue to live or exist
"Of the six people injured in the crash
to damage by pulling something apart
land that is under the control of a particular country or ruler
"a mountain with a large opening at the top through which gases and lava are forced out into the air
"Mount Etna is a volcano in Sicily
"a long journey
a windy day
a touch of class
an elegant quality
an accurate watch
cheap flight offered by a travel agency
to manage a difficult situation successfully
I don?t think I can cope with studying for my exams as well as working in the shop.
"usually to leave a place; here
do (sth) standing on my head
to be able to do sth very easily and without having to think too much
My daughter can program her iPod standing on her head.
to move data to a smaller computer system from a larger one
a person who is taking part in a competition
the things that are needed for a particular activity
i Used with a singular verb.
follow in (sb?s) footsteps
to do the same thing as someone else did in the past
what a machine does
one of the things from which sth is made
Our skin cream contains only natural ingredients.
"bad in quality
not have a clue
to know nothing about sth or about how to do sth
I don?t have a clue how to fix the washing machine; we have to call a technician.
sometimes but not often
Brian isn?t really a smoker. He has the odd cigarette at a party or at the pub.
away from the tracks of firm snow that have been prepared for skiing on
(how) on earth
used to emphasise the question you are asking when you are surprised or angry or cannot think of an obvious answer
What on earth are you doing?
the probable future
covered with clouds
"to have sth that belongs to you
Do you own your house or do you rent it?
Picasso was a particularly gifted artist.
a person who likes to do things perfectly
the main or most important idea
Do you see my point?
She?s pretty upset about what you said; I think you should apologise.
intended to make sure that sth is not harmed or damaged
a set of products of a particular type
a set of instructions that tells you how to cook sth and the items of food you need for it
Grandma?s recipe for fish soup is the best I?ve ever tasted.
thought of as very good or important by people in general
Madonna is now recognised as one of the best pop artists of all time.
to organise sth
the state of being protected from danger or harm
"For your own safety
spread all over a place
The thief seized her bag and ran off down the road.
"used to emphasise the size
We were impressed by the sheer size of the cathedral.
lasting a short time
a short period of rain
to rise very quickly
Prices soared when war broke out in the country.
to cause sth to be noticed
everything around a place
a clock or watch
when a person goes somewhere without having anyone else with them
value for money
worth the money it costs
the amount of sth
one of the circular objects under a car or bus that turns when it moves
would prefer to
Would you rather walk or take the bus?
used to correct sb in a polite way
the state of being full of vehicles
to stop existing
This species has nearly died out because its habitat is being destroyed.
things that you throw away because you no longer want or need them
"Can you please take out the rubbish
i Used only with a singular verb.
a group into which animals or plants are divided
i Plural: species.
to respect sb for what they are
Young children often admire pilots and astronauts.
a formal request for a job or a place at college
a particular part or feature of a situation or a problem
Air pollution is an unpleasant aspect of city life.
"type of family
"to wash sth with water
an organisation that collects money to help others
to train sb to play a sport
to find unexpectedly
a thing that you have promised or have to do
"Unfortunately Liam won?t be able to join us
having a useful and helpful effect rather than being negative or with no purpose
"I really don?t mind criticism
without all the things that are necessary for people to live a happy and comfortable life
The foundation aims at helping deprived children in the area to get proper education.
unable to use a part of your body
"not having the things
disadvantaged social groups
very interested and excited about sth that you want to do
Most students in our class seem eager to help the teacher with the school play.
money that you spend while you are working that your employer will pay back to you later
You can claim back your travel expenses.
to help sth to develop or be successful
"This job might not be very interesting
far away from home; to or in places that are not near
"After the first couple of days in the camp
"a person who trains and controls animals
a person's first experience of sth
calm and relaxed
to put in a particular position
to jump high or a long way
The cat was lying near the fireplace.
look back (on)
to think about what happened in the past
"When you look back on your youth
to examine sth
The company is now looking into the possibility of selling their products abroad.
to be careful
Look out! There?s a car coming!
to examine or read sth quickly
"Just a minute
to look for information in a dictionary or reference book
look up to
to admire or respect sb
I?ve always looked up to my Science teacher; she?s an amazing person.
weak or depressed
They were in low spirits.
of making arrangements or preparations for sth
"Before we embark on the project
i Only before a noun.
a home for children whose parents are dead
hesitating before you do sth because you don?t really want to do it
"James reluctantly agreed to lend her the money
confidence in yourself and your abilities
His success in the competition certainly boosted his self-confidence.
a feeling of being happy with your own character and abilities
to agree to be responsible for sb/sth
Next month I?m taking on the family restaurant so that my parents can go on holiday.
the chance of a lifetime
"a wonderful opportunity
"When she was offered the job
a person who has been trained in treating animals which are ill or injured
done by people who choose to do it without being paid
I do some voluntary work at the local hospital.
when it comes to
when it is a question of sth
"When it comes to Maths
a person who likes reading books a lot
"a person in a book
The young boy plays a minor character in the film.
a high and very steep rock
to fail suddenly and completely
"When the company collapsed
to be in the lowest position
a long way away
distant parts of the world
from top to bottom
going to every part of a place
get to the bottom of (sth)
to find out the real cause of sth
the spirit of a dead person that a living person believes they can see or hear
the side of a hill
a group of teams that compete with each other for the championship
a cloud just above the ground that makes it difficult to see
a track that is made by the action of people walking
You may not realise it but every one of my dogs has a different personality.
a tube with a ball-shaped part used for smoking tobacco
to continue reading
to move by turning over
The coin fell out of his pocket and rolled down the road into the ditch.
a way that you follow to get from one place to another
What?s the quickest route from here to the coast?
having a thin and strong edge that can cut
a sharp knife
start at the bottom
begin at the lowest position
sloping very sharply
a steep hill
the bottom has fallen out of
people have stopped buying a company?s products
difficult to see through
The plane crashed in thick fog.
buying and selling goods
to calculate the amount or value of sth
"Our insurance assessed the damage at 1
when you try to do sth difficult
His attempt to pass his driving test was a failure and he?ll have to sit it again next month.
the side of a river or a canal
"to break open or apart
That balloon will burst if you blow it up any more.
"a road vehicle without an engine that is pulled by a car
an official organisation whose job is to watch the sea near a coast in order to help ships and people in trouble
to prevent sb/sth from reaching a place
to clean clothes using chemicals instead of water
a sudden and dangerous situation
the act of getting away from an unpleasant or dangerous situation
an escape from prison
fed up with
to be bored and unhappy
I get fed up with having to do endless grammar exercises.
"if a place floods or sth floods it
Hurricane Katrina flooded New Orleans and caused severe damage to the city.
to provide sb/sth with a place to live or a place to stay permanently
The museum houses one of the finest collections of fossils in the country.
to say sth to make people laugh
Please don?t joke about such a serious matter.
"the animals kept on a farm
a large motor vehicle for carrying heavy loads by road
Emails are the best means of communication.
an organised activity that involves a lot of people
Both the police and the fire brigade took part in the rescueoperation.
to be so full that the contents go over the sides
Look at Mandy?s plate! It?s overflowing with food!
if sth overturns it turns upside down or on its side
The car hit a lamp post and overturned.
words of approval or admiration
My maths teacher was full of praise for my progress this term.
to ask sb questions about sth officially
We were taken to the police station and questioned.
not very often
"I rarely watch TV
to put new paint and/or paper on the walls of a room or house
feeling happy because sth unpleasant has stopped or has not happened
I?m just relieved that nobody was hurt.
to mend sth that is damaged
Something?s wrong with my watch; I must have it repaired.
to suddenly break into small pieces
The ball hit the window with force and it shattered into pieces.
I?d left my raincoat at home so when I arrived at school I wassoaking wet.
a person who speaks on behalf of a group or an organisation
to move around quickly with a circular movement
The water swirled down the drain.
(of rain) falling in large amounts
torrential rain in the tropics
to keep sb in a dangerous place or bad situation that they want to get out of but cannot
We were trapped in the lift for an hour.
to be successful in spite of difficulties
to lift sb/sth up into the air using a machine with a rope or chain
the male of any animal in the cow family
a place that offers you the comfortable way of life of a modern society
It?s good to be back in civilisation after two weeks in a tent!
a person who stays with you to keep you company
to travel the distance mentioned
By sunset we had covered 30 miles.
to pass from one side to the other
Be careful when you cross the road.
the amount of space between two places or things
"The distance between Athens and New York is about 9
get (sb) to
to make sb do sth
sitting on a horse
The only way to reach the village is on horseback.
when they arrived at
to put clothes into a bag in preparation for a trip away from home
Have you packed your pyjamas along with everything else?
pour with rain
"when it?s pouring with rain
to succeed in doing sth
The thieves pulled off the most spectacular robbery in history when they stole the royal family?s jewels from the palace.
deep wet sand that you sink into if you walk on it
reach a point
to arrive at a particular point or stage of sth after a period of time
to frighten sb
I scared her when I jumped out of the wardrobe.
to leave on a journey
sick with fear
to be extremely worried
"showing a lack of thought
That was a silly thing to do! You should apologise at once!
a separate part that a process is divided into
The first stage of the experiment is to cool all the materials to 5 Co.
We thoroughly enjoyed ourselves at the carnival on Saturday.
time spent not working
"Next week I?ll take some time off
a person employed to show tourists around interesting places
to have confidence in sb
Can I trust Joe to do the job well?
as a matter of fact
"to tell the truth
bore (sb) stiff
make sb feel terribly bored
liking sth/sb very much
He?s always been mad about kids.
a way of dealing with sb/sth; a way of thinking about sth such as a problem
Parents should be very careful with their approach to discipline.
"very surprised or shocked by sth
a tourist who carries his things in a bag on his back
further or more than sth
She didn?t have much in her life beyond her job.
bowl sb over
to surprise or impress sb a lot
The picturesque village on the island really bowled me overwith its beauty.
a person or thing that is very similar to sb/sth else
catch my eye
to attract my attention
"As I was walking down the high street
to look at or examine sth that seems interesting or attractive
They say Nemo serves excellent food; we should check it outourselves one day.
a list of the things that you must remember to do
Our teacher gave us a checklist to use when we write compositions.
to produce sth quickly and in large amounts
Some writers just churn out the same old rubbish year after year.
connected with or belonging to a country that controls another country
a colonial power
a school or college at which people are trained in music
date back (to)
to have existed since a particular time in the past or for the length of time mentioned
The castle dates back to the 12th century.
an object or a piece of equipment that has been designed to do a particular job
a voice-recording device
"a book containing lists of information
the telephone directory
at an early stage of a situation
I knew early on that Ken was very talented and would develop into an exceptional musician.
on the way
"It was a long journey from Prague to Vienna
an arrangement to do sth at a particular time
"I?m afraid we can?t meet tomorrow; I have an importantengagement
an imaginary line around the earth at an equal distance from the North and South Poles
i Usually: the equator.
a person who is employed to play a very small part in a film
very well known
a famed painter
used to describe sb who is the same as you in some way; here they are also a traveller
traditional and typical of the ordinary people of a country or community
Folk songs in many countries in the Balkans have similar tunes.
having just had a particular experience
feeling helpless after failing to do sth although you have tried hard
Kate was frustrated because however hard she tried she couldn?t understand her Maths homework.
give way to
to be replaced by sth
to go to a place and develop local habits
"global positioning system (= a system by which signals are sent from satellites to a special device
"to wait or stay near a place
to hesitate because you are nervous about doing or saying sth
1) wait for a short time
2) to hold sth tightly
Please hang on to the handrail while the escalator is in motion.
to spend a lot of time in a place
"to put the telephone down suddenly
to move in a particular direction
They?re heading to the coast for the holidays.
a cheap hotel for students or travellers
an understanding of what sth is like
This course aims at providing insight into the psychology of teenagers.
live up to (sth)
to do as well as or be as good as other people expect you to
"They?d told us it was an excellent hotel
"a place where sth happens
Rescue helicopters were sent to the location where the plane had crashed.
to successfully get over a difficult part on a path or route
The mountaineers had to negotiate the slippery path in front of them.
i Negotiate also means: to try to reach an agreement by formal discussion.
a system of trying to meet and talk to other people who may be useful to you in what you are trying to do
not exactly in the centre of sth
"a holiday that is organised by a company at a fixed price and that includes the cost of travel
a public outdoor square esp. in a town where Spanish is spoken
plan or arrange in advance
November 17th was recently proclaimed a national holiday in Greece.
put to the test
to put sb/sth in a situation which will show what their true qualities are
I am puzzled as to how Irene got the job ? she had no qualifications at all!
how much cheaper a certain product is sold
There are massive reductions in the sales. Let?s buy those shoes you wanted now.
to say or repeat sth quickly without having to stop or think about it
The little boy suddenly reeled off the names of all the American presidents in alphabetical order!
limited in what you are able to do
room for manoeuvre
chance to change or influence a situation
This project schedule is very tight ? there?s absolutely noroom for manoeuvre.
to be suitable for a particular use
The kitchen table also serves as a desk for the children to do their homework on.
I share a bedroom with my sister.
American English for pavement
You should walk on the sidewalk; not in the street!
done at the same time as sth else
The Olympic Games are broadcast simultaneously in most countries in the world.
feeling that you are better than other people because you are more intelligent
i Also: snobbish (adj).
This specific model can go as fast as 200 km per hour.
His estimate of the total cost was spot-on; exactly 450 euros.
happening in the usual way
in a way that surprises sb
"Megan hates football; however
there?s no point in
there is no purpose
There?s no point in trying to explain things; I?ve made up my mind.
a tight schedule
a lot of things to do in a short time
My schedule is quite tight tomorrow. Could we meet on Monday instead?
to think that sb is responsible for sth bad
Don?t blame me for the broken window. It was you who threw the ball so high!
a small room on a ship in which you live or sleep
extremely innteresting and attractive
a fascinating story
a plane at an airport that a passenger can take soon after getting off another in order to continue their journey
make a habit of
to do sth regularly
make all the difference
to have an important effect on sb/sth
A good teacher makes all the difference to a course.
make do with
to manage with sth that isn?t really satisfactory
"We haven?t got any butter left
make the most of
To gain the best advantage possible
It won?t be sunny for long so make the most of it and go out and play in the garden.
make up my mind
Clara can?t make up her mind whether to wear a white or a cream wedding dress.
a place where sth has happened or that is used for sth
a camping site
a building used for the worship of a god or gods
"a large grave
"They say that the tomb of Alexander the Great is in Egypt
to keep changing from one thing to another and back again
The music at the club alternated between rock and pop.
Brad Pitt won the best actor award.
to think of as many solutions to a problem as possible
to get into a house illegally in order to steal valuables
the act of paying to use a car for a short time
to go somewhere very quickly
He dashed along the platform and jumped onto the train.
almost total darkness
the state of not having enough food to eat
"a large strong dog with thick hair
a small house built of logs
happening during the night
You can take the overnight train and arrive in Venice early the following morning.
to begin a journey
a vehicle for travelling over snow and ice
to move easily over a smooth or wet surface
"a man whose job is to take care of passengers on an aircraft and who brings them meals
"to be badly affected by a disease
Many small islands suffer from water shortage in the summer.
"to say that you will cause trouble
The head teacher threatened to expel him from school if he ever hit the younger children again.
to move sth suddenly and forcefully in different directions
to shine with a light that keeps changing from bright to faint to bright again
stars twinkling in the sky
a large area of land that has never been developed
to recognise the good qualities of a person or thing
in the exact sense of the word
the bottom line
the most important thing
a gas breathed out by people and animals from the lungs or produced by burning
a poisonous gas that is formed when carbon is not burnt completely
sth useful that makes your life easier
It is a great convenience to have so many shops near your home.
of good quality
"Martin lives alone
to make a continuous low noise
"If you live near an airport
too many cars in the streets so that the traffic cannot move at all
have it all ways
to want to have the advantages of two or more different situations that are impossible to combine
You can?t have it all ways; you?ll either have to find a low-paid job in the village or move to the city and get a higher salary.
used when you mention what really happens
"Dominic just didn?t turn up for work today which
to complain about sth in a way that other people find annoying
"Stop moaning and sit down to do your homework
Helen is making great progress. Her marks are much better this term.
put up with
to allow sth to happen although you disagree
"a track for races between cars
the trouble is
what is difficult is
I?d like to go out; the trouble is that I?ve promised to baby-sit tonight.
There?s room for one piece of luggage.
"the natural features of an area
The scenery is magnificent.
to feel a continuous pain
My feet ache after running the marathon.
"existing in or connected with high mountains
the height of sth above sea level
"Aeroplanes fly above the clouds
"the space between two lines or surfaces that join
He was astonished to learn he?d won the competition.
not using the body well
a large tree that produces small nuts
to run very quickly with long steps in an enthusiastic way
"a bright yellow metal
air goes through a liquid and reaches the surface
a number of things fastened together
a bunch of flowers
a restaurant where people carry their own food to their tables
cows and bulls kept as farm animals
"a wooden house with a roof that slopes steeply down over the sides
(of teeth) to knock together because you are cold
to ring (of a bell or clock)
The clock chimed midnight and Cinderella found herself in her old clothes again.
to bend your legs and body so that you are close to the ground
a clock with a small bird inside that comes out every hour and makes a sound like a cuckoo (type of bird)
dash sb?s hopes
to destroy sb?s hopes by making them impossible to achieve
early in the morning when light first appears in the sky
to mix or be mixed with a liquid and become part of it
Salt dissolves in water.
"kept as a pet
The most popular domestic animals in England are cats and dogs.
very fine rain
"a large bag filled with feathers
not strong or clear
a faint sound in the distance
to come into a place slowly
very thin or narrow
"Nancy has the most incredibly fine hair
to throw sth with force
fluffy white clouds
to stop moving suddenly because you are frightened
to use your hands with difficulty when looking for sth
"When James heard a strange noise in the night
to move smoothly without making any noise
to produce flashes of light
The golden candlesticks glinted in the light of the burglar?s torch.
to produce a soft light
a cigarette glowing in the dark
a large pile of hay
the back part of your foot
a curved piece of metal for hanging sth on
interested in finding out about many different things
Don?t be so inquisitive ? it?s none of your business.
the inside part of sth
a person in charge of a prison
to make a harsh sound like two pieces of metal hitting each other
to stay somewhere longer than expected
a small house in the country where people stay when they want to take part in some types of outdoor sport
a thick piece of wood that has fallen from a tree
pale purple in colour
a field of grass and wild flowers
There were some cows standing in the meadow.
very large and ugly
on closer inspection
after examining every detail
to be placed on top of sth
The parrot perched on top of the chair.
to continue to do sth despite difficulties
"If you persist in arriving late for work
a tall evergreen tree or the wood from that tree
"a kind of walk which is slow
to stand or sit in a particular way for a photograph
rare and worth a lot of money
A diamond is a precious stone.
to show sth
to make sb decide to do sth
What prompted you to come and see me again after all these years?
having the colour of blue and red mixed together
an arch of different colours seen in the sky when the sun shines through rain
to make a noise like hard things hitting each other
at the back of
the rear entrance of a building
the vertical surface of a rock
to delay the progress of sth
to write sth down on paper in order to record it
to make an alarm start ringing
to leave a place and begin a journey
to create sth or start it
with closed shutters
the dark outline of a person or an object seen against a light background
"not very busy
with no other people or things around
People who don?t marry often lead a solitary life when they grow old.
to notice sth suddenly and perhaps with some difficulty
Can you spot any mistakes in my composition?
a small animal that lives in trees and eats nuts
developing gradually and in an even and regular way
We are making slow but steady progress.
Please keep still while I cut your hair.
"needing great effort
the top of a mountain
a large container for holding liquid or gas
a fish tank
to mark the time
I could do nothing but listen to the clock ticking away the hours.
to walk on your toes trying not to make a noise
He tiptoed into the room so as not to wake the baby up.
a small electric lamp that you carry in your hand
Once we were inside the cave we got our torches out because it was very dark.
a common freshwater fish used for food
bushes and other plants growing under trees
to paint wooden surfaces with a special liquid to protect them and make them shine
that can be seen
The house is clearly visible from the beach.
able to make sensible decisions
I think it was wise of you not to lend him that money ? you would never have got it back!
the way that sb/sth looks on the outside
She had never been greatly concerned about her appearance.
to take sb to a police station and keep them there because they may be guilty of a crime
to stop sb from going somewhere by standing in front of them or in their way
a flat case used for carrying papers and documents
the general position a person or thing moves or points towards
We can sail as soon as the wind changes direction.
don?t like the look of (sth)
be worried by the appearance of sth
"I don?t like the look of that fish; don?t eat it
"the title of a newspaper article printed in large letters
The scandal was in the headlines for days.
done too quickly because you do not have enough time
"When I saw the time
official papers or a document that can prove who you are
We do not accept credit cards without some kind ofidentification.
to bend or move from an upright position
Please don?t lean out of the windows when the car is moving.
to think about what is going to happen in the future
Madison is a successful businessman because he has alwayslooked ahead.
to turn your head so that you can see sth
I heard a sudden noise and looked around to see what it was.
look your age
to seem as old as you really are and not younger or older
Fay certainly doesn?t look her age; she?s only 16 and looks like a university student.
(of a person) neither young nor old
not much to look at
"feeling that sb has done sth wrong
a suspicious look
the crime of stealing sth from a person or place
a warm loose pair of trousers and matching jacket worn for sports practice
a problem or situation that prevents sb from doing sth
"a person with special knowledge
a computer expert
to give sth as a gift
a repeated sound in the throat that you cannot control
keep sth to yourself
to not tell other people about sth
the key issue
"very great comfort
"the speed at which sb/sth walks
We set off for the beach at a leisurely pace.
the way you notice things
one?s perception of different colours
a column which supports a building or part of a building
feeling pleased and satisfied about sth that you own or have done
I was really proud of my son?s good progress at school.
to give a particular impression when heard or read about
"You make cooking sound so easy
to make a guess about sth
the hot gas that is produce by boiling water
to happen at the same time or to move at the same speed as sth
made or produced to copy sth natural
people who have the power to give orders
a bleak view of bare mountains and dark clouds
to capture a person or animal that tries or would try to escape
to get official approval for sth
for a good cause
to help other people
to have the front covered with glass
to start working on sth
to hit a nail into a surface
sth on the surface of a steep slope that a climber can hold
a way of thinking
the sport or activity of climbing mountains
the act of allowing sb to do sth
to stop yourself from having sth you like or want
I just can?t resist having another piece of that delicious chocolate cake.
"very string thick string made by twisting thinner strings
The rope broke and she fell 50 metres onto the rocks.
the state of feeling safe
set your heart on
to want sth very much
"to attach or hold two things or more things together using string
They tied him to a chair with a rope.
a train track
to consider; to think about sb/sth in a particular way
The Oscar award is viewed by most artists as a great honour.
that must be done because of a law or a rule
Education for children up to 16 years old is compulsory in England.
a person that you know but who is not a close friend
Fran is not a friend; she?s just an acquaintance from the language school I go to.
events that are of public interest or political importance
Business affairs bore me to death.
be at odds
to disagree with sb about sth
I?ve always been at odds with my mother over clothes; we have entirely different taste.
to end a relationship
Sarah broke up with Darren after she found out that he had been lying to her.
catch up (with sb)
"to find out about things that have happened
i Also: catch up on sth.
clean up after (sb)
to remove dirt or tidy up when sb has made the place dirty or untidy
Kevin never tidies up his room because his mum alwayscleans up after him.
come down with
to become ill
to do sth that is against your principles
always in the same way and continuing for a period of time
Pam annoys me by consistently asking me personal questions.
cut all ties
to end all communication or have no connection with sb/sth
to become less friendly or close to sb
"I used to be very close to a lot of friends at university
to find a way of not doing sth
People who evade payment of taxes should be given heavy fines.
a way of living
The locals lead a simple but happy existence in their quiet little village.
i Existence also means: the state or fact of being real or living.
face up to
to accept and deal with sth that is difficult or unpleasant
"We had to face up to the fact that our shop wasn?t doing well
fall out with
to stop being friendly with sb because of a fight
for fear of
to avoid the danger of sth happening
I closed the door gently for fear of waking up the baby.
force (sth) on (sb)
to make sb accept sth that they do not want
I strongly object to people forcing their opinions on others.
a meeting of people for a particular purpose
a family gathering
of all the world
grow out of
to stop doing sth as you become older
(of a person) mentally and physically an adult
She has a grown-up son.
a person that you share a house with
inclination (to do sth)
a feeling that makes you want to do sth
He didn?t show the slightest inclination to leave.
trouble or problems
British Airways announces the delay of flight BA127 and regrets any inconvenience caused.
not as good as sb/sth else
products of inferior quality
to give an explanation or excuse for sth or for doing sth
Nothing can justify his rude behaviour last night.
to develop emotionally and start to behave like a sensible adult
Janet has matured a lot; she?s certainly not the radical teenager she used to be.
to start doing or discussing sth new
Can we move on to the next item on the agenda?
shared by two or more people
mutual interest in sport
not see eye to eye
to not share the same views as sb about sth
(weeks) on end
"for the stated length of time
He would disappear for weeks on end.
"willing to listen to
Dan is very open-minded; I?m sure he?ll understand you.
a number of things that are one on top of the other
to show other people how good you are at doing sth
You don?t have to prove yourself to your friends; they know who you are.
based on reason
Please try to think rationally; you are not making any sense!
to find a satisfactory solution to a problem or difficulty
Parents ought to resolve their differences when their children are not present.
to do sth as a reaction to sth that sb has said or done
How did mum respond when you told her about the party?
to escape to a place that is quieter or safer
Children often retreat to their bedroom when something serious troubles them.
a noisy argument
I had a row with my sister and we aren?t speaking now.
nervous or embarrassed about meeting and speaking to other people
not serious or important and lacking any depth of understanding or feeling
not important or serious
"We should focus on serious matters
"that you can rely on to be good
A trustworthy friend is hard to find; people are not as loyal as they used to be.
in spoken words and not in writing or actions
extremely quiet and shy
the work of providing food and drinks for meetings or social events
"Sean?s birthday party cost a small fortune
to state or show that sth is definitely true or correct
"The airline has just confirmed our tickets to Paris
"to form an idea of the cost
Estimate the number of words you have written.
in reply to
the act of answering sb
to find sb/sth that goes together with or is connected with another person or thing
The students are asked to match the words with the corresponding pictures.
"the state of belonging to a group
for only part of the working day or week
Amy got a part-time job working in the supermarket on Saturdays.
a person that you make friends with by writing letters
I?d like to get a position in Sales; I find work there more interesting.
She has said nothing regarding your request.
in or to a foreign country
Diane worked abroad for a couple of years and then moved back to England.
at the turn of the century
the time when a new century starts
"the season of the year between summer and winter
the Bering Sea
"(name) part of the North Pacific between Siberia and Alaska
(of a machine or vehicle ) to stop working because of a fault
The telephone system has broken down.
"violent and cruel
a brutal dictator
travelling around Europe by rail
carrying sth over a long distance using sets of people and animals that replace the others who are tired
a person who lives in a particular place
the citizens of New York
to do or have less of sth
"to block sth
to go across sth in order to make your route shorter
a serious infectious disease of the throat that causes difficulty in breathing
"a vehicle without wheels for travelling on snow
a large number of cases of a particular disease happening at the same time in a particular community
an extremely strong wind
Our grandfather gathers flowers and dries them.
when a lot of people suddenly go to a place where gold has been found
"a person who trains and controls animals
to put things in an untidy pile
Mum heaps dirty clothes next to the washing machine.
advertising material that is sent via email to people who have not asked for it
to remove or end restrictions
The government has decided to lift the ban on imported fruits.
showing no kindness or pity
the merciless heat of the sun
the job of caring for sick people
"to disagree strongly with sb?s plan
The staff opposed the management?s plan to change working hours.
a sudden strong expression of emotion
the amount that a machine produces
a period of time when an animal or a person that has a disease is kept away from others in order to prevent the disease from spreading
far away from where people live
a firm decision to do or not to do sth
Lillian?s resolution to give up her job took us by surprise.
"to give a loud
"The woman screamed when she saw the mouse
split up (with)
to stop having a relationship with sb
to develop in a successful way
"Diane?s first business idea didn?t work out
as luck would have it
in such a way that chance decides what will happen
a style of dancing that tells a dramatic story with music but no talking or singing
She wants to be a ballet dancer.
"a person who expresses disapproval of sb/sth
to give all your energy and time to sth
Mozart dedicated his life to classical music.
"if you know sth deep down
"She made an effort to get used to her new life
(not) get (sb) wrong
to not understand correctly what sb means
Alex shouldn?t have got married so young. Don?t get me wrong ? his wife is adorable.
in a way
to some extent
"In a way
lead a ? life
to have a particular type of life
to lead a quiet life
miss out on
to fail to benefit from sth useful or enjoyable by not taking part in it
"Don?t miss out on visiting Versailles
sth that you enjoy doing
to give sb good reasons for doing sth
I couldn?t persuade my father to buy me the new computer game.
to feel sorry about sth you have done or about sth you have not been able to do
"If you don?t do it now
set your heart on sth
to want sth very much
I have set my heart on becoming a vet.
"to travel around a place
She toured the country promoting her book.
"having the usual qualities or features of a particular type of person
A typical athlete trains for between six and eight hours a day.
knowing sb very well and liking them very much
Fran was very close to Uncle Martin; that?s why she missed him so much when he moved.
a highly acclaimed author
a unit for measuring an area of land; 4050 square metres
the act of accepting sb into an institution
admission to the European Union
to have a period of rapid growth
Internet sales are currently booming and e-shops are making huge profits.
"a place where sth
giving reason to believe that good things will happen; likely to be successful
This young musician has a bright future.
the buildings of a university or college and the land around them
The university campus is so big that there is a bus service from one building to another.
a piece of strong heavy rough fabric used for painting on
connected with the buying and selling of goods and services
Each company is fighting to protect its own commercialinterests.
a person who buys things and uses services
Consumers spend millions of pounds every year on sports clothes and equipment.
to make a person or an animal healthy again after an illness
We believe that this new drug will cure the boy very fast.
a person whose business is buying and selling works of art
a person in a university who is in charge of a department of studies
gradual loss of strength
the need of customers for goods or services
There is a huge demand for ice cream and soft drinks at the cafe during the summer months.
to show an image of sth in a picture
"In my bedroom
"using an electronic signal
trained to obey rules
a well-disciplined sports team
disappointed because the person you admired or the idea you believed to be good and true now seems without value
I soon became disillusioned with the job.
a person or thing that attracts a lot of people
He?s the biggest draw in Hollywood at the moment; his films sell millions of tickets.
"that belongs to a group that has a lot of power or influence
"In many African countries
"a collection of things
a school painting exhibition
showing or able to show your thoughts and feelings
all the teachers in a department of a college or university
"forms of art
the time when sth reaches its most complete and successful stage of development
of an earlier time
Her former husband often visits to see the children.
to move your hands in order to express what you mean or want
"?What happened?? she said
"to get a degree
I graduated from the School of Civil Engineering in 2006.
This is one of the hottest clubs in town.
"having a strong belief in perfect standards and trying to achieve them
It?s only natural for teenagers to be idealistic and believe they can change the world.
"the characteristics that distinguish a group of people
in search of
She went to Hollywood in search of a career in the film industry.
to fix a piece of paper on sth with information on it
All cigarette packs are labelled with a health warning.
lacking (in sth)
having none or not enough of sth
She?s not usually lacking in confidence.
the main subject or course of a student at college or university (usually in the US)
"We are both students at the same university
caring more about money and possessions than anything else
"the material or the form that an artist
the medium of paint
might as well
the situation is the same or almost the same as if it were true
You shouldn?t have asked Beth how she got the money; youmight as well have called her a thief!
"not very large
"Tracy was an excellent teacher and
to make sb want to do sth
a reason for doing sth
Money should not be the only motive in your life.
"an experience that is very frightening and unpleasant
Nobody knows what is going on; it?s a nightmare!
at the present time
open (to sb)
to be available and ready to use
What options are open to us?
i Not before a noun.
passion (for sb/sth)
a very strong feeling of liking sth
The English have a passion for gardens.
used to express the attitude sb has towards sb/sth
We place great value on our teaching methods.
a piece of land that is used or intended for a special purpose
connected with real situations rather than with ideas or theories
"existing in the world now
the respect and admiration that sb/sth has because of what they have done
the technique of making a picture that is first carved into metal or wood and then covered with ink and printed onto paper
rich and successful
I don?t understand why there are more homeless people inprosperous countries than in poor ones.
a variety of things of a particular type
The complex offers a wide range of sports facilities.
to make less
I want to lose weight so I?m trying to reduce the amount of food I eat.
to show or to express
Adam?s dislike of Mrs Green doesn?t reflect my opinion of her. I think she?s really nice.
to change the shape or structure of sth
The government is reshaping the educational system in an attempt to make it more functional.
a person who makes figures by carving wood or stone
tending to be careful about what or who you choose
Karen is very selective about what she wears; she only buys designer clothes.
to protect sb/sth from danger
The tent shielded us from the hot sun.
a change in position or way of thinking
to obtain sth quickly because it is cheap or you want it very much
Our best bargains are snapped up one the first day of sales.
the people in a country with their customs and laws
clever and complicated in the way that it works
NASA use highly sophisticated computer systems.
large and with plenty of room for people to move around in
managed by the government
"a hard fight in which people try to obtain or achieve sth
a power struggle
an amount of money
You will be fined the sum of 200.
"to move over an area
having a natural ability to so sth well
a talented player
to completely change the appearance or character of sth
The new posters have completely transformed our classroom.
to refuse to allow sb to enter a place
The man at the bar entrance turned us away because we were under 18.
to return the way you have come
"The road was blocked by a fallen tree
1) to reject or refuse to consider an offer
"We decided not to sell our house after all
2) to reduce the noise of a piece of equipment by moving its controls
You?ve turned down the radio so much that I can?t hear a thing!
At the end of the story the frog turns into a handsome prince.
turn out (to be)
to prove to be
The job turned out to be more interesting that I had thought.
to make sth change position so that the other side is facing outwards or upwards
I think you?d better turn the omelette over before you burn this side.
the feeling of being worried or unhappy about sth
There was growing unease as the time passed and we had no news of them.
having a certain value
"If I?m on my own
10 WRITING (Student's Book pp98?99)
written or spoken description of sth that has happened
The judge asked the witness for a detailed account of what had happened.
change an amount of one currency for another
change the subject
to talk about sth else
change your mind
to change a decision or an opinion
Nothing will make me change my mind.
come up against
to face difficulties
come up with
to find an answer
material made by removing the hair or fur from animal skins
costing more than it is worth
I believe designer clothes are overpriced; why pay double the price for a simple suit?
piece of paper that shows that goods or services have been paid for
an amount of money paid back to you for sth that you have bought but you are not happy with
that has been booked in advance
a table reserved at the best restaurant
the glass at the front of a shop and the area behind it where goods are shown to the public
a simple picture that is drawn quickly and does not have many details
a flat piece of leather or cloth for fastening things
A leather watch strap can be expensive.
the part of a camera which contains a curved piece of glass that makes things look larger when you look through it
10 USE OF ENGLISH (Student's Book pp 100?101)
a thing that you can choose to do or have out of two or more possibilities
You can be paid in cash weekly or by cheque monthly; those are the two alternatives.
a plastic pen with a metal ball at the top that rolls ink onto the paper
"a large strong building with thick high walls and towers
instrument for finding direction
to get rid of sb/sth that you do not want or cannot keep
Many people dispose of old newspapers by burning them in their fireplaces.
i Disposable (adj) means: made to be thrown away after use.
a device for turning energy from movement into electricity
a scientific test that is carried out in order to gain new knowledge
I am against carrying out experiments on animals.
the act or process of removing or obtaining sth from sth else
the extraction of salt from the sea
an event organised in order to present the new fashion in clothes
a soft black mineral that is a form of carbon
to hurt sb or damage sth
Air pollution can harm people as well as animals.
"coloured liquid for writing
in the place of sth
Can I use oil instead of butter in this recipe?
internal combustion engine
a type of engine used in most cars that produces power by burning petrol inside
a thing made for the first time
the thin black part of a pencil that marks paper
the glass part that fits into an electric lamp and gives light
to make goods in large quantities
Toyota manufactures cars.
"a deep hole or holes under the ground where minerals such as coal
a diamond mine in South Africa
A monument to him was erected in St Paul?s Cathedral.
a device that uses electricity or gas to produce movement and makes a machine work
The the boat?s motor needs to be serviced; it?s not working properly.
"a person whose job is concerned with politics
used to describe things that have been treated so they can be used again
which is in a particular place
The hotel is situated near a beautiful sandy beach.
"a figure of a person or an animal in stone
the golden statue of goddess Athena
"a unit for measuring weight
It was in aid of a worthwhile cause.
10 LISTENING (Student's Book p102)
the way things are done or organised
sth that is cheaper than usual
The coat I bought in the sales was a real bargain. It only cost 40 euros!
be one for
to be a person who enjoys sth
"I?m not one for travelling abroad
the name of a product that a company produces
?Lindt? is a well-known brand of chocolate from Switzerland.
a strong feeling of pleasure or excitement
Flying gives me a real buzz.
can?t hear myself think
can?t think clearly because it?s so noisy and distracting
to persuade sb to go somewhere they do not really want to go to
"It?s difficult to go shopping
the amount of money that is spent
not working properly
I returned my iPod to the shop because it was faulty.
things that are produced to be sold
have an eye for (sth)
"to be able to judge if things are valuable
She?s always very elegantly dressed; she certainly has an eye for stylish clothes.
likely to do sth
Children are more inclined to listen to you if you speak loudly.
let?s face it
let?s accept reality
"The new Ferrari is an amazing car; but
things for sale
used to add sth to what you have just said esp. sth that makes it less strong
"Did you know Josh has resigned? Mind you
to give sth away that you would prefer to keep
You should check that that computer has a guarantee before you part with any of your hard-earned money.
(of prices) not too expensive
This shop sells French perfume at very reasonable prices.
a moral or legal claim to have or do sth
All children have a right to basic education.
to keep a supply of a particular type of goods to sell
Do you stock umbrellas?
what really gets me
what annoys me the most
"Mandy is never on time for lunch
(of a person) not speaking
"As the curtain rose