Card Set Information

2013-03-10 09:00:14

English FCA Words
Show Answers:

  1. achieve
    "to succeed in reaching a particular goal
  2. affordable
    not tooexpensive
  3. ancient
    belonging to a period of history that is thousands of years in the past
  4. associated (with)
    "if one thing is associated with another
  5. attack
    to use violence to try to hit or kill sb
  6. attitude
    the way that you think and feel about sb/sth
  7. audience
    the group of people who have gathered to watch or listen to sth
  8. average
  9. aware (of)
  10. background
    "the part of a picture
  11. battle
    "a fight between armies
  12. box-office success
    a film that many people have been to see
  13. break up
    to separate into smaller pieces
  14. "(broke
  15. breakthrough
    an important development that may lead to an agreement or achievement
  16. breathtaking
    "very exciting
  17. budget
    the money that is available to a person or an organisation in order to do sth
  18. cast
    all the people who act in a play or film
  19. combination
    two or more things joined
  20. comment
    expressing an opinion about sth
  21. concentration
    the ability to direct your attention towards one thing
  22. consist (of)
    "to be made up of
  23. construct
    "to build a road
  24. corridor
    a long narrow passage in a building
  25. create
    to make sth happen or exist
  26. crew
    a group of people with special skills working together
  27. demonstrate
    to show and explain how sth works or how to do sth
  28. detail
    the small facts or features of sth
  29. determined
    "having a strong desire to do sth
  30. do (sth) for a living
    do to earn the money to pay your expenses
  31. documentary
    a film or TV programme giving facts about sth
  32. "draw a conclusion (drew
  33. end up
    to find yourself in a place/situation that you do not want to be in
  34. epic
    "a long film or book that contains a lot of action
  35. epic-scale
  36. feature film
    "the main film you go to see at the cinema
  37. figure
    the shape of a person
  38. find out
    "to get some information about sth/sb by asking
  39. "(found
  40. flat
    "a set of rooms for living in
  41. fool
    to trick sb into believing sth that is not true
  42. frequently
    very often
  43. generate
    to produce or create sth
  44. generous
    ready to give or share things with other people
  45. get involved in (sth)
    to give a lot of time or attention to sb/sth
  46. get rid of
    to throw sth away
  47. gist
    the main or general meaning of a piece of writing
  48. guy
    (informal) a man
  49. handful (of)
    a small number of people or things
  50. hey presto
    people sometimes say 'hey presto' when they have just done sth so quickly and easily that it seems to have been done by magic
  51. highlight
    to emphasise
  52. hill
    "an area of land that is higher than the land around it
  53. image
    "a picture of sb/sth seen in a mirror
  54. imagination
    the ability to create pictures in your mind
  55. impact (on)
    the powerful effect that sth has on sb/sth
  56. important
    of great value
  57. impression
    an opinion
  58. in their own right
    because of their own merit or value
  59. inexpensive
    not costing a lot of money
  60. instantly
  61. landscape
    everything you can see when you look across a large area of land
  62. logistic
    that is connected to the organisation necessary to make a complicated plan successful
  63. luxurious
    very comfortable and expensive
  64. manipulation
    connected with the ability to handle objects skilfully
  65. mark
    to be a sign that sth new is going to happen
  66. match
    "to be equal
  67. matter
    to be important or have an important effect on sb/sth
  68. meanwhile
    in the period of time between two times or two events
  69. multiply
    to increase or make sth increase very much in number or amount
  70. notice
    to see or hear sb/sth; to become aware of sb/sth
  71. on the part of
    made or done by somebody
  72. option
    sth that you can choose to have or do
  73. ordinary
  74. outdo
    to do more or better than sb else
  75. "(outdid
  76. passionately
    in a way that shows strong feelings of enthusiasm for sth or belief in sth
  77. pick
    to choose
  78. plug (sth) into
    to connect a piece of electrical equipment to the main supply of electricity or to another piece of electrical equipment
  79. position
    the way in which sb is sitting or standing
  80. practically
  81. produce
    "to be in charge of preparing a film
  82. promotion
    advertising used to increase the sales of a product
  83. publicity
    attention from the media
  84. quality
    how good or bad sth is
  85. recognisable
    easy to identify
  86. red tape
    official rules that seem more complicated than necessary and prevent things from being done quickly
  87. require
    to need
  88. revolution (in)
    "a great change in conditions
  89. reward
    a thing that you are given because you have done sth good or worked hard
  90. satisfying
    giving pleasure
  91. scene
    "a part of a film
  92. search (for)
    to look for
  93. shade
    "the dark areas in a picture
  94. shoot
    to make a film or photograph of sth
  95. "(shot
  96. skilled
    "having enough ability
  97. socialise (with)
    to go out with people and have fun
  98. soldier
    "a member of an army
  99. special effects
    "unusual or exciting pieces of action in films or TV programmes
  100. speed
    the rate at which sb/sth moves or travels
  101. speed up
    to make sth move or happen faster
  102. strange
    unusual or surprising
  103. suggest
    "to state sth indirectly
  104. suitable
    right for a particular purpose
  105. take up
    to use time or space for an activity
  106. "(took
  107. time-consuming
    taking a lot of time
  108. tool
    a thing that helps you to do your job or to achieve sth
  109. traditional
    following older methods and ideas rather than modern or different ones
  110. triumph
    "a great success
  111. unwilling
    not wanting to do sth and refusing to do it
  112. variety
    a number of different types of the same thing
  113. visual effects
    "unusual or exciting pictures
  114. vivid
    "(of s's imagination) able to form pictures of ideas
  115. whole
  116. wire
    a piece of metal in the form of thin thread that is used to carry an electric current or signal
  117. work
    to have the result or effect you want
  118. a long way
    far away
  119. a night out
    an evening that you spend enjoying yourself away from home
  120. appropriate
  121. be in the way
    to block or stop sb from moving or doing sth
  122. break the bank
    spend more money than you can afford
  123. by the way
    phrase used for adding sth to the conversation
  124. complaint
    the act of stating reasons for not being satisfied with sth
  125. excited
    feeling or showing happiness and enthusiasm
  126. find your way
    to find the right route to a place
  127. get by
    to manage to live using the money you have
  128. "(got
  129. get my own way
    "to get or do what you want
  130. give (sb) a ring
    to phone sb
  131. go out of my way
    to make a special effort to do sth
  132. host family
    a family that has people staying at their house
  133. ignore
    to deliberately pay no attention to sth you know about
  134. let (sb) know
    "inform sb
  135. look forward to
    to be thinking with pleasure about sth that is going to happen
  136. make (sb) feel at home
    to make sb feel comfortable
  137. mention
    to write or speak about sth without giving much information
  138. on my way
    during the journey
  139. request
    to ask for sth in a polite way
  140. sights
    interesting places in a town or city
  141. similar
    like sb/sth but not exactly the same
  142. vegetarian
    a person who does not eat meat or fish
  143. wait around
    "to wait without doing very much
  144. waste
    to use more of sth than necessary
  145. apparently
    it seems to be
  146. atmosphere
    the feeling or mood that you have in a particular place or situation
  147. attention
    "special care
  148. blanket
    a large woollen cover for a bed
  149. care
    the process of caring for sb/sth and providing what they need
  150. consider
    to think about sth carefully
  151. development
    a new event or stage that is likely to affect what happens in a continuing situation
  152. due (to)
    arranged or expected
  153. exhausted
    very tired
  154. flatmate
    a person who shares a flat with someone else
  155. focus (on)
    to give attention to one particular thing or subject
  156. generation
    a stage in the development of a product
  157. give (sb) a lift
    to take sb to a place by car
  158. go to the trouble
    to try hard to help sb
  159. hand in
    to give sth to sb in authority
  160. hold
    to carry sth
  161. "(held
  162. hug
    to put your arms around sb and hold them tightly
  163. interact
    "to communicate with sb
  164. laptop
    a small computer that can work with a battery and be easily carried
  165. library
    "a building in which collections of books
  166. lie-in
    when you stay in bed longer than normal in the morning
  167. manner
    the way that sth is done or happens
  168. move in
    to start to live in your new home
  169. move over
    to change your position in order to make room for sb
  170. nursery
    a place where small children are cared for while their parents are at work
  171. observe
    "to watch sb/sth carefully
  172. old-fashioned
  173. pet
    "an animal
  174. point out
    to make sth clear to sb
  175. practice
    doing an activity regularly so that you can improve your skill
  176. prove
    to show that sth is true
  177. prove to be
    be discovered that it is
  178. recommend
    to tell sb that sth is good and that they should try it
  179. regard
    "to think of sth
  180. role
    "the function or position that sb has or is expected to have in an organization
  181. speech
    the ability to speak
  182. substitute (for)
    a person or thing that you use instead of the one you normally use
  183. timing
    the act of choosing when sth happens
  184. toddler
    a young child who has just learnt to walk
  185. tool
    a thing that helps you to do your job or to achieve sth
  186. treat
    to behave in a particular way towards sb/sth
  187. trip
    to catch your foot on sth and fall or almost fall
  188. upset
  189. adjust (to)
    to get used to a new situation
  190. advertisement
    "a notice
  191. approach
    to come near
  192. arch
    a curved structure
  193. at one stage
    sometime in the past
  194. author
  195. available
    sth that you can find or buy
  196. behave
    to do things in a particular way
  197. bitter
    angry and unhappy
  198. booking
    an arrangement you make in advance to buy a ticket or travel somewhere
  199. border
    the line that divides one country from another country
  200. bread bin
    a container for bread
  201. ca't get your head around
    find sth difficult to understand
  202. celebrity
    a famous person
  203. charge
    the money that you pay for goods or a service
  204. command
    an order
  205. company
    a business
  206. concerned (about)
    worried about sth
  207. courage
    the ability to do sth dangerous and not feel afraid
  208. craft
    a boat or ship
  209. craftsman
    a skilled person who makes sth by hand
  210. customs
    the place at a port or airport where your luggage is checked
  211. declaration
    an official or formal statement
  212. delivery
    taking goods to the people who have ordered them
  213. demand
    the need of customers for goods or services
  214. destination
    the place you are travelling to
  215. doorway
    the opening where a door fits
  216. effect
  217. effortlessly
    needing little or no effort
  218. elegant
    "designed well
  219. employee
    a person who is paid to work for a company
  220. enable
    to give sb a way of doing sth
  221. enquire
    to ask for information
  222. expectation
    a belief that sth will happen because it is likely
  223. extract
    a short passage from a book
  224. facilities
    services or equipment provided for a particular purpose
  225. fair enough
    used to say that an idea or suggestion seems reasonable
  226. feature
    "an important
  227. fill in
    to complete a form with information
  228. flight of stairs
    a series of steps between two floors
  229. general public
    people in general
  230. get across
    to communicate sth and be understood
  231. "(got
  232. go through
    "to experience
  233. "(went
  234. handle
    to control a vehicle/machine/tool
  235. have (sth) to spare
    to have more than you need of sth
  236. honestly
    "used to emphasise that what you are saying is true
  237. in the way of
    used to talk about the types of sth that are available
  238. invest (in)
    to spend money on sth which you believe will make a profit
  239. keep to
    to continue doing or using sth and not want to change it
  240. landing
    when an aeroplane touches the ground
  241. leaflet
    one or a few printed pages given free of charge to advertise or give information about sth
  242. long-haul flight
    a long-distance flight
  243. maid
    a female servant
  244. make it
    to be successful in your career
  245. mind
    "to be upset
  246. minimise
    to reduce the effect of sth
  247. miss
    to fail to do or have sth
  248. misunderstood
    having qualities that people do not see or fully understand
  249. move house
    to change the place where you live
  250. nervous
  251. obstacle
    sth that makes it difficult for you to achieve sth
  252. official
    a person who is in a position of authority in a large organisation
  253. on board
    on or in a ship/train/plane
  254. operator
    a person in charge of a telephone system
  255. originally
    "at the beginning
  256. outstanding
  257. parcel
    something that is wrapped in paper so that it can be sent by mail or given as a present
  258. passenger
    "a person who is travelling in a car
  259. perfectly
  260. pleasure
    a feeling of being happy
  261. previous
    happening before the event you are talking about
  262. property
    land and buildings
  263. provide
    "to give sth
  264. put forward
    to suggest an idea
  265. quarters
    "rooms that are provided for soldiers
  266. query
    "to ask a question/questions
  267. questionnaire
    a written list of questions that people answer so that you can get information about their opinion
  268. railing
    a fence made of metal bars
  269. recover
    to get well again after an illness
  270. reference number
    a number that shows where sb can find a piece of information
  271. rental
    arrangement to rent sth
  272. resident
    person who lives in a particular place
  273. roll
    a small round loaf of bread for one person
  274. routine
    the normal order and way in which you regularly do things
  275. run to schedule
    happen according to an official timetable
  276. senior worker
    a worker higher in rank or status than others
  277. series
    "a number of
  278. servant
    "a person who cleans
  279. signature
    your name as you usually write it at the end of a letter
  280. soak
    to leave sth in a liquid for some time to get wet
  281. space
    empty area or area available for use
  282. stand up for
    to say sth to show that you support sth/sb
  283. "(stood
  284. standard
    "a level of quality
  285. starve
    to suffer or die because of lack of food
  286. step
    "a surface where you put your foot when you go up to a different level of a structure
  287. suit
    to be convenient or useful
  288. survey
    an investigation of the behaviour or opinions of a group of people
  289. take into consideration
    to think about sth when you make a decision
  290. take it easy
    be cool and not get upset or stressed
  291. take its toll (on)
    to cause a lot of damage
  292. take part in
    to participate in
  293. terminal
    a set of buildings at an airport
  294. the dizzy heights of fame
    an important position
  295. the nerve
    the courage to do sth
  296. undo
    to open sth that is fastened or tied with buttons or a zip
  297. "(undid
  298. unpack
    to take things out of a suitcase
  299. unwind
    "to stop worrying
  300. "(unwound
  301. valuable
    worth a lot of money
  302. work out
    "to calculate
  303. candidate
    a person taking an exam
  304. environmental
    "connected with the natural conditions in which people
  305. examiner
    a person who writes or asks the questions in an exam
  306. expand (on)
    "to add details
  307. improve
    to become better than before
  308. last
    to continue for a particular period of time
  309. neighbourhood
    a district or an area of a town
  310. surf the internet
    to use the internet
  311. take a deep breath
    to take a lot of air in through your mouth and nose
  312. unsuitable
    not right for a particular purpose
  313. a great deal
  314. air (of)
    feeling or impression that is given by sb/sth
  315. alien
  316. appear
    to be written or mentioned somewhere
  317. aspire
    "to have a strong desire to become sth
  318. bilingual
    speaking two languages very well
  319. bother
    "to annoy
  320. canteen
    "a place in a school
  321. claim
    "to say that sth is true
  322. coexistence
    the state of being together in the same place at the same time
  323. complexity
    being difficult to understand
  324. concede
    to admit that sth is true
  325. crash course
    "a short course of lessons
  326. creep into
    to begin to happen
  327. "(crept
  328. custom
    an accepted way of behaving or of doing things in a society
  329. dawn on
    to begin to realise sth for the first time
  330. develop
    "to gradually grow or become bigger
  331. docks
    the part of the port where goods are loaded onto ships
  332. drift
    to move along slowly in water or air
  333. expect
    to think or believe that sth will happen
  334. fade
    to become less bright
  335. farmyard
    an area that is surrounded by farm buildings
  336. fashion
    "a popular way of behaving
  337. fit
    to be the right shape or size
  338. gain
    to get sth
  339. gas pedal(NAmE)
    the pedal you press to control the speed of a vehicle; BrE =accelerator
  340. genuine
  341. glance
    to look quickly at sth
  342. gleaming
  343. hastily
  344. hint
    sth that suggests what will happen
  345. hitch
    a small problem
  346. home-brewed cider
    an alcoholic drink made of apples that is made at home
  347. immerse
    to involve yourself completely in sth
  348. iron
    "to make clothes
  349. meticulously
    "very carefully
  350. minor
    not serious or important
  351. misbehaving
    behaving badly
  352. never mind
    used to suggest that sth is not important so one should't worry or be upset
  353. newsroom
    the room at a newspaper office where news is received and prepared for printing
  354. not all it is cracked up to be
    not as good as people think or expected
  355. obscurity
    the state in which sb/sth has been forgotten
  356. occupy
    to take up a lot of space or time
  357. ordeal
    very difficult experience
  358. pathos
    the power of description which produces feelings of sadness or pity
  359. patisserie
    (from French) a shop that sells cakes
  360. peaceful
  361. picturesque
  362. polish
    to make shiny
  363. press
    "to iron
  364. progressively
    steadily and continuously
  365. properly
    in a way that is correct or appropriate
  366. proximity
    being near sb or sth
  367. purchase
    sth which you have bought
  368. quayside
    "a platform where boats come in to load
  369. realise
    to manage to do sth important
  370. reasonable
  371. relief
    the feeling of happiness that you have when sth unpleasant stops or does not happen
  372. remain
    to be left
  373. remove
    to take sth/sb away from a place
  374. replacement
    sth or sb who takes the place of sth or sb else
  375. resemble
    to look or be like sb
  376. roar
    "to make a very loud
  377. roast
    cooked in an oven or over a fire
  378. rural
    connected with the countryside
  379. (s's) mind boggles
    "sth is so unbelievable that you find it hard to believe
  380. sheepishly
    in a very embarrassed way
  381. shout
    to speak loudly or angrily to sb
  382. shrink
    to become smaller
  383. "(shrank
  384. sigh
    an act or the sound of taking and then letting out a long deep breath
  385. stare
    to look at sb or sth for a long time
  386. steam away from
    to move away from a place on a boat
  387. subtract
    (in Mathematics) to take a number away
  388. suffice
    to be enough for sth
  389. superiority
    "being better
  390. suspicion
    "a feeling sth is wrong
  391. tactfully
    in a careful way so that nobody gets annoyed or upset
  392. take after
    to look like an older person in your family
  393. "(took
  394. take away
    "to remove
  395. "(took
  396. take in
    to understand what you see or hear
  397. "(took
  398. take over
    to gain control of a company
  399. "(took
  400. take up
    to use time or space for an activity
  401. "(took
  402. tap
    a light hit
  403. the point of no return
    "the time when you must continue with what you have decided to do
  404. tractor
    "a powerful motor vehicle with two large and two smaller wheels
  405. turn into
    "to transform
  406. unfamiliar
    that you do not know or recognise
  407. very
    used to emphasise that you are talking about a particular thing or person and not about another
  408. wellies
    long rubber boots that you wear to walk through water or mud
  409. work experience
    "a period of time that a young person
  410. a rough idea
    a general idea
  411. accommodation
    "a place to live
  412. accompany
    to go somewhere with sb
  413. allow
    to let sb do sth
  414. as far as (sth) is concerned
    as regards
  415. attend
    "to be present somewhere
  416. besides this
    apart from this
  417. coach
    a comfortable bus for long journeys
  418. competition
    an event in which people compete with each other to find out who is the best at sth
  419. conference
    a large official meeting
  420. congratulate (on)
    tell sb that you are pleased because he/she has achieved sth
  421. contribution
    money given to an organization to help pay for sth
  422. convinced
    completely sure about sth
  423. deadline
    date before which sth must be finished
  424. delegate
    a person elected to represent a group of people
  425. delighted
    very pleased
  426. encourage
    to give support or confidence to sb
  427. entitle
    to give a book a title
  428. entry
  429. event
    a planned public or social occasion
  430. expenses paid
    "without having to pay yourself
  431. finance
    to give the money to pay for sth
  432. get benefit (from)
    to get an advantage from sth
  433. grateful
    showing thanks to sb
  434. head teacher
    a teacher who is in charge of a school
  435. in addition
    used when you want to mention another person or thing after sth else
  436. indication
    a sign that shows that sth is happening
  437. input material
    information given
  438. join
    to become a member of sth
  439. judge
    to form an opinion about sb or sth
  440. panel
    a group of experts who give their advice
  441. participate (in)
    to take part in an activity
  442. prize
    sth given to sb who is a winner
  443. rush
    to make sth move faster
  444. (sth) takes it out of you
    (sth) tires you a lot
  445. take advantage of
    to use well
  446. take care of
    "to look after
  447. take place
    to happen
  448. take shape
    to develop well
  449. takes time
    "cannot be done quickly
  450. "(took
  451. transactional letter
    a letter that requires action on the part of the recipient
  452. venue
    the place where an event takes place
  453. academic
    a person who teaches or does research at a university
  454. according to
    "as stated
  455. Arabic
    the language spoken by millions of people in North Africa and the Middle East
  456. conduct
    to organise and do sth
  457. context
    the words that come just before and after a word or phrase and help you to understand its meaning
  458. count
    an act of counting to find the total number of sth
  459. count
    to be important
  460. culture
    "the customs and beliefs
  461. endangered
    that may soon no longer exist
  462. fact
    a thing that is true rather than something that has been invented
  463. field trip
    "a journey made by a group of people
  464. half term
    a short holiday in the middle of each term
  465. Hindi
    the language spoken by millions of people in India
  466. imply
    to suggest that sth is true
  467. investigate
    to find out information and facts about a subject or problem by study or research
  468. keep a record of
    to keep a written account of sth
  469. "(kept
  470. likely (to)
    probable or expected
  471. make sense
    to have a meaning that you can easily understand
  472. native speaker
    a person who speaks a language as their first language
  473. range
    to include a variety of things
  474. recently
    not long ago
  475. regularly
    at regular intervals or times
  476. research
    a careful study of a subject
  477. scientific
    connected with science
  478. shortage
    situation when there is't enough of sth that is needed
  479. slim chance
    a small possibility of sth happening
  480. storehouse
    building where things are stored
  481. survival
    "continuing to live despite danger
  482. the globe
    the world
  483. timetable
    a list showing the times at which particular events will happen
  484. transfer
    to move from one place to another
  485. transmit
    to pass sth from one person to another
  486. absolutely
    without any doubt
  487. aim
    the purpose of doing sth
  488. appealing
  489. at the end of the day
    used to introduce the most important fact after everything has been considered
  490. attraction
    an interesting place to visit
  491. burst into tears
    to suddenly start crying a lot
  492. carry out
    to do and complete a task
  493. community
    a group of people who share a common interest
  494. consideration
    something that must be thought about when you are planning or deciding sth
  495. creature
    a living thing
  496. delicate
    easily damaged or broken
  497. downside
  498. employment
    work done to earn money
  499. fund
    "to provide money for sth
  500. grab
    to take sth in a hurry or violently
  501. in the hope of
    because you want sth to happen
  502. incredible
    "impossible to believe
  503. industry
    "the people and activities involved in producing a particular thing
  504. knock-on
    causing other events to happen one after another in a series
  505. let go
    to allow sb/sth to be free
  506. limit
    to stop sth from increasing
  507. marine
    connected with the sea
  508. measures
    official actions done to achieve sth
  509. outshine
    to be more impressive than sb/sth
  510. "(outshone
  511. paraphrase
    to express sth in different words
  512. pencil in
    to make a note of sth that might need to be changed
  513. point of view
    a particular way of considering or judging a situation
  514. proportions
    "measurement of sth
  515. raise money
    "to collect money
  516. respect
    to be careful about sth
  517. sideline
    sth you do apart from your normal job in order to earn extra money
  518. source
    the place where sth comes from
  519. tour operator
    a person or company that organises tours
  520. turn out (to be)
    to prove to be
  521. volunteer
    a person who does a job without being paid for it
  522. wildlife
  523. briefly
    in a few words
  524. media
    the main ways that large numbers of people receive information and entertainment
  525. outdoor
  526. refer to
    "to send or use sth for help
  527. response
    an answer to sth
  528. the long turn
    this is the name of the task you will need to perform in the Speaking exam ? you have to speak for one minute about two photos that the examiner will show you
  529. achievement
    "a thing that sb has done successfully
  530. acrobatics
    difficult acts or movements with the body
  531. admission
    money that you pay to go into a building or to an event
  532. adopt
    to take a child into your family as your own child
  533. agent
    a person who is used by a government to find out secret information about other countries or governments
  534. celebration
    a special event that people organise in order to show that a day or an event is important
  535. chase
    "to run
  536. circus
    "a group of entertainers
  537. close up
    very near
  538. coaster
    a ride at a fairground that goes up and down very steep slopes and that people ride on for fun and excitement
  539. complex
    a group of buildings of a similar type together in one place
  540. conservation
    the protection of the natural environment
  541. corps
    a group of people involved in a particular job or activity
  542. cover
    to provide enough money for sth
  543. dine
    to eat dinner
  544. discovery
    an act or the process of finding sb/sth not known before
  545. dismiss
    to officially remove sb from their job
  546. disturbance
    a situation in which people behave violently in a public place
  547. donation
    something that is given to a person or an organisation such as a charity
  548. dress up
    to put on special clothes to pretend to be sb/sth different
  549. embark on
    to start to do sth new or difficult
  550. encounter
    a sudden or unexpected meeting
  551. entertainment
  552. entire
    used to emphasise that the whole of sth is involved
  553. exotic
    exciting and unusual because it is connected with foreign countries
  554. far and wide
  555. festivities
    the activities that are organised to celebrate a special event
  556. floorless
    without a floor
  557. foundation
    an organisation that is established to provide money for a particular purpose
  558. fun-loving
    liking to enjoy themselves
  559. get through
    to manage to do or complete sth
  560. "(got
  561. gourmet
    of high quality and often expensive
  562. headquarters
    a place from which an organisation is controlled
  563. height
    the measurement of how tall a person or thing is
  564. high-tech ride
    a large machine of the latest technology at an amusement park
  565. hit
    a thing that is very popular
  566. huge
    extremely large
  567. impressive
    making you feel admiration
  568. in the open air
    happening outside rather than inside a building
  569. inhabit
    to live in a particular place
  570. jaw-dropping
    very surprising; impressive; making you feel respect and admiration
  571. kick (sb) out of
    to make sb leave or go away
  572. kick myself
    to be annoyed with myself because I have done sth stupid
  573. kick off
    to start
  574. kick up a fuss
    to complain loudly about sth
  575. kid
  576. killer whale
    a small black and white whale that eats meat
  577. launch
    "the action of sending a spacecraft
  578. leading
    most important or most successful
  579. line-up
    a set of items or events arranged to follow one another
  580. located
    "if sth is located in a particular place
  581. manage
    "to succeed in doing sth
  582. masses (of)
    a large number or amount of sth
  583. massive
    "very large
  584. nail-biting
    making you feel very excited or anxious because you do not know what is going to happen
  585. numerous
    existing in large numbers
  586. opportunity
    a chance; a time when it is possible to achieve sth
  587. perform
    "to entertain an audience by playing a piece of music
  588. pet
    to move your hand gently over an animal or a child in a kind and loving way
  589. protest
    "to say or do sth to show that you disagree with or disapprove of sth
  590. queue
    a line of people waiting for sth or to do sth
  591. rescue
    the act of saving sb/sth from a dangerous or difficult situation
  592. restriction (on)
  593. reveal
    to make sth known to sb
  594. sea lion
    a large seal that is found on the shores of the Pacific Ocean
  595. secret
    something that is known about by only a few people and not told to others
  596. session
    a period of time that is spent doing a particular activity
  597. shelter
    a safe place for sb
  598. shuttle
    a spacecraft designed to be used for travelling between the earth and a space station
  599. simulator
    a piece of equipment that artificially creates a particular set of conditions so that sb may experience sth that seems real
  600. sloth
    a South American animal that lives in trees and moves very slowly
  601. spin
    to turn or make sth turn round and round quickly
  602. star
    the best of a group
  603. steel
    a strong hard metal that is made of a mixture of iron and carbon
  604. stingray
    a kind of flat sea fish with a long tail
  605. storey
    a level of a building
  606. straight through
    from one end or side of sth to the other
  607. tend (to be)
    to be likely
  608. terrifying
    extremely frightening
  609. the sk's the limit
    there is no limit to what sb can achieve
  610. theme park
    "a large park where people go to enjoy themselves
  611. townspeople
    people who live in a particular town
  612. trainee
    a person who is being taught how to do a particular job
  613. trek
    a long hard walk
  614. trick
    a clever action that sb performs as a way of entertaining people
  615. ultimate
    "most extreme
  616. unique
    very special or unusual
  617. uplifting
    making you feel happier or more hopeful
  618. vacation
    American English for ?holiday?
  619. vehicle
    sth that transports people from one place to another
  620. warn
    "to tell sb about sth
  621. wet
    "covered with or containing liquid
  622. whether
    used to express a doubt or choice between two possibilities
  623. wildlife refuge
    a place that provides shelter or protection for wild animals
  624. announcement
    a spoken or written statement that informs people about sth
  625. approachable
    "friendly and easy to talk to
  626. awful
    "very bad
  627. background music
    the music used in a film
  628. charming
    "very pleasant
  629. despite
    even though
  630. drop out
    to leave school or university without finishing your studies
  631. even though
    in spite of what has happened
  632. film set
    a place where a movie is filmed
  633. go blank
    to have no pictures
  634. "(went
  635. in order that
    so that sth can happen
  636. in spite of
    even though
  637. introduce
    to tell two or more people who have not met before what each othe's names are
  638. issue
    one of a regular series of magazines or newspapers
  639. moreover
    in addition
  640. nevertheless
    in spite of sth you have mentioned
  641. new release
    a film that has just been made available to the public
  642. physical
    "with the body
  643. publish
    "to print a letter
  644. reputation
    the opinion people have about sb
  645. screen
    "the flat surface at the front of a television or computer
  646. soap opera
    "a story about the lives of a group of people
  647. stunt
    dangerous act in a film
  648. terrific
  649. trailer
    "a series of short scenes from a film
  650. trilogy
    a group of three books or films that have the same subject
  651. turn my attention to
    start being involved in
  652. amateur
    not a professional
  653. autograph
    a famous perso's signature
  654. band
    a small group of musicians who play popular music together
  655. be out of tune
    to not be singing or playing the correct musical notes to sound pleasant
  656. bench
    "a long seat for two or more people
  657. compose
    to write music
  658. curious
    wanting to know more about sth
  659. disaster
    "very bad accident
  660. fan
    a person who admires sb/sth very much
  661. fortunate
    having or bringing an advantage
  662. found
    "to start sth
  663. "(founded
  664. hand (sb sth)
    to pass or give sth to sb
  665. hold a concert
    to organise a concert
  666. "(held
  667. howl
    to make a long loud sound
  668. in my view
    in my opinion
  669. in public
    "when other people
  670. inspire
    to give sb the desire or enthusiasm to do sth well
  671. interrupt
    to do sth that stops sb else from what they were doing or saying
  672. lay the table
    "to arrange knives
  673. "(laid
  674. master
    to learn or understand sth completely
  675. member
    a person or an animal that belongs to a particular group
  676. musical instrument
    an object used for producing musical sounds
  677. mystery
    sth that is difficult to understand or to explain
  678. newsflash
    a short item of important news that is broadcast on radio or television
  679. occurrence
    sth that happens
  680. packed (with)
    containing a lot of a particular thing
  681. put on
    "to produce or present a play
  682. "(put
  683. rehearse
    to practise a play or a piece of music
  684. relation
    relative; a person who is in the same family as sb else
  685. review
    "a report in which sb gives their opinion of a book
  686. sensibly
    in a way that shows good judgement
  687. support
    encouragement that you give to sb because you want them to be successful
  688. suspect
    "to have an idea that sth is probably true or likely to happen
  689. ther's no stopping us
    nothing can prevent us from achieving what we want to achieve
  690. tolerate
    to allow or accept sth that you do't agree with
  691. unkind
    unpleasant; slightly cruel
  692. annoyed
    slightly angry
  693. at least
    not less than
  694. biting (wind)
    (of a wind) very cold and unpleasant
  695. ca't bear
    to be unable to accept something unpleasant
  696. ca't help
    impossible to prevent or avoid sth
  697. ca't stand
    to dislike
  698. crowded
    having a lot of people or too many people
  699. cup final
    the last match in a series of matches in a competition
  700. delay
    to not do sth until a later time or to make sth happen at a later time
  701. display
    "an act of showing sth happening
  702. dreadful
  703. feel like
    to want to do sth
  704. fireworks
    "a display of small devices containing powder
  705. get hold of
    manage to find
  706. keen (on)
    interested in
  707. mad about
    liking sth/sb very much
  708. make a fuss
    to pay a lot of attention to sb
  709. make it to
    to be able to be present at a place
  710. muddy
    full of or covered in wet earth that is soft and sticky
  711. my idea of
    my impression of what sth is like
  712. object (to)
    "to disagree with
  713. postpone
    to arrange for an event to take place at a later time
  714. pretend
    to behave in a way that makes other people believe sth that is not true
  715. second-rate
    not very good or impressive
  716. stumble over my lines
    to make mistakes and stop while speaking in a play or film
  717. treat
    "sth pleasant that you give to
  718. collaborative
    involving the work of many people
  719. invite
    to ask sb formally to do sth
  720. reach a decision
    to arrive at finally making a decision
  721. task
    a piece of work that sb has to do
  722. time
    to measure how long it takes for sth to happen
  723. turn-take
    to speak when it is your time to do so
  724. as is commonly the case
    in the way that sth usually happens
  725. be better off
    to be happier or more satisfied
  726. be bound to
    to be certain to happen
  727. bone
    any of the hard parts that form the skeleton of the body of a human or an animal
  728. breeches
    short trousers fastened blow the knee
  729. cadge
    to ask sb for sth because you ca't pay for it yourself
  730. calculate
    to find the answer
  731. cart
    a vehicle with two or four wheels pulled by a horse
  732. chimney
    a large pipe for passing smoke from a fire into the open air
  733. connection
    a point where two things are connected
  734. conviction
    "strong opinion
  735. crossroads
    a place where two roads meet and cross each other
  736. disappointment
    sadness because you have't succeeded
  737. divide
    to separate
  738. drop
    to let fall by accident
  739. earthenware
    made of hard-baked clay
  740. earthly
    connected with life on earth
  741. errand
    a short journey to buy/get/do sth for sb
  742. extract
    "a short passage from a book
  743. for
  744. fortune
    a lot of money
  745. frost
    thin layer of white ice that appears when temperature reaches freezing point
  746. glove
    a covering for the hand with separate parts for each finger and the thumb
  747. go through
    to examine sth carefully in order to find sth
  748. "(went
  749. halt
    to stop
  750. happen (to be)
    to do or be sth by chance
  751. have in common
    have similar characteristics
  752. hide
    to put or keep sb/sth in a place where they/it cannot be seen or found
  753. "(hid
  754. hole
    a hollow space in sth solid or in the surface of sth
  755. in the form of
    "the particular way sth is
  756. keepsake
    a small object sb gives you so that you can remember them
  757. lead
    to connect one place to another
  758. "(led
  759. medal
    a flat piece of metal that is given to the winner of a competition or to sb who has been brave
  760. miss (sth)
    to notice that sb or sth is not where they should be
  761. motto
    a short sentence that expresses the beliefs of a person or an institution
  762. out of reach
    at a distance so that sth cannot be reached
  763. outbuilding
    "a building
  764. pipe
    a tube through which liquids or gases can flow
  765. pond
    "small area of water
  766. possession
    sth that you own
  767. poulterer
    "a person who sells chickens
  768. poverty
    the state of being poor
  769. puddle
    a small amount of water that has collected in one place
  770. rather
    used to mean ?fairly? or'to some degree?
  771. recover
    to find sth which was missing
  772. sharply
    suddenly and by a large amount
  773. shortly
    a short time (ago/in the future)
  774. skate
    to move on special shoes over ice
  775. slope
    "if the ground slopes
  776. stable-yard
    an area around or near a stable (where horses are kept)
  777. stow away
    to put sth in a safe place
  778. stranger (to)
    a person who is in a place that they have not been in before
  779. stream
    small river
  780. take (s's) fancy
    to attract or please sb
  781. thaw
    when ice turns back into water
  782. the case
    the true situation
  783. throw
    to send sth from your hand through the air by moving your hand or arm quickly
  784. "(threw
  785. transparency
    the quality of being able to be seen through; sth like ice or glass
  786. treasured
  787. valley
    an area of low land between hills or mountains
  788. vase
    "a container made of glass
  789. wash (away)
    (of water) to carry sth in a particular direction
  790. characteristic
    very typical of
  791. contraction
    a shorter form of a word
  792. dish
    a type of food that is prepared in a particular way
  793. exchange
    an arrangement when two people or groups from different countries visit each othe's homes
  794. explore
    to travel around a country or place in order to learn about it
  795. figure
  796. nearby
    not far away
  797. outskirts
    the parts of a town or city that are furthest from the centre
  798. port
    "a place where ships load and unload goods
  799. recommendation
    a suggestion about the best thing to do
  800. river cruise
    a journey on a river visiting or looking at different places
  801. suitable
    right or appropriate for a particular purpose or occasion
  802. surrounding
    that is near or around sth
  803. arrangement
    a plan or preparation that you make so that sth can happen
  804. cloud
    "a grey or white mass made of very small drops of water
  805. determination
    the quality that makes you continue trying to do sth even when it is difficult
  806. dramatically
    suddenly and very much
  807. firm
  808. forecast
    a statement about what will happen in the future based on information that is available now
  809. green space
    "an area with trees and/or flowers
  810. intend
    "to have a plan
  811. intention
    what sb plans to do
  812. offer
    an act of saying that you are willing to do sth for sb or give sth to sb
  813. population
    all the people who live in a particular area
  814. prediction
    statement about what you think will happen in the future
  815. promise
    "to tell sb that you will definitely do sth or not do sth
  816. resources
    sth that is available to use
  817. the washing-up
    "the act of washing plates
  818. tidy up
    to clean and put things in a room in their proper place
  819. affect
    to influence
  820. bright
    giving reason to believe that good things will happen; likely to be successful
  821. bring about
    "to cause
  822. "(brought
  823. by means of
    with the help of sth
  824. communicate
    "to exchange information
  825. commute
    to travel regularly between your place of work and your home
  826. conventional
    following what is traditional or the way sth has been done for a long time
  827. damage
    to harm or spoil sth/sb
  828. enormous
    extremely large
  829. eventually
    in the end
  830. exceptional
    unusually good
  831. fancy
    to want sth
  832. fit in (with)
    "to live
  833. flexible
    able to change to suit new conditions or situations
  834. fuel
    any material that we burn to produce heat or power
  835. generation
    all people born at the same time
  836. giant
    very large
  837. household
    all the people living together in a house
  838. influence
    the effect that sb/sth has on the way a person thinks or behaves or on the way that sth works or develops
  839. juggle
    to try to deal with two or more activities at the same time so that you can fit all of them into your life
  840. leisure
    free time
  841. meaningful
    serious and important
  842. pattern
    the regular way in which sth happens or is done
  843. plant
    to place sth firmly in a particular place
  844. premises
    the building and the area around it that a company uses
  845. pressure
  846. retire
    to stop working because you have reached a certain age
  847. revolutionary
    involving a great or complete change
  848. rewarding
    worth doing
  849. run out of
    to finish all of sth
  850. "(ran
  851. suit
    to be convenient or useful to sb
  852. supply
    amount of sth that is available
  853. the rat race
    "the way of life of people living and working in a large city
  854. throw away
    to get rid of sth that you no longer want
  855. "(threw
  856. to an extent
  857. use up
    to use all of sth so that there is none left
  858. virtual
    made to appear to exist by the use of computer software
  859. vision
    "a picture in your imagination
  860. wasteful
    using more of sth than is necessary
  861. barrier
    an object like a fence that prevents people from moving forward from one place to another
  862. experience
    the things that have happened to you that influence the way you think and behave
  863. heatwave
    a period of unusually hot weather
  864. performance
    how well or badly you do sth
  865. reaction
    sth that you do because sth else has happened
  866. relate to
    to have a connection with sth
  867. repeatedly
  868. scarf
    a piece of cloth that is worn around the neck
  869. supporter
    a person who supports a particular sports team
  870. annual
    happening or done once every year
  871. aquatic
    living in or near water
  872. bear in mind
    to remember or consider sth
  873. bob up and down
    to move quickly up and down
  874. bond
    a strong connection between people
  875. catamaran
    a fast sailing boat with two hulls
  876. chum
    a friend
  877. comical
    funny or amusing because of being strange or unusual
  878. current
    the movement of water in the sea or a river
  879. deck
    the top outside floor of a ship
  880. deposit
    to put sth somewhere
  881. edge
    the place where the surface ends
  882. emotional
    connected with peopl's feelings
  883. episode
    an event in sb's life that is important or interesting in some way
  884. equivalent
    "sth which is equal in amount
  885. far afield
    "far away from home
  886. farm
    a place where particular fish or animals are bred
  887. fate
  888. fetch
    to go where sth is and bring it back
  889. form
    to make sth start to exist and develop
  890. furiously
    with a lot of energy or anger
  891. get the hang of
    to learn how to do sth
  892. gradually
  893. habitat
    the place where a particular kind of plant or animal lives
  894. improbably
    in a way that seems strange because it is not what you would expect
  895. in sympathy
    happening because sth else has happened
  896. initiative
    a new plan for dealing with a problem
  897. into the wild
    to their natural environment
  898. leisurely
    done without hurrying
  899. licence
  900. lottery
    a way of winning a prize or money if the ticket numbers you have bought are chosen by chance
  901. make my way
    move towards
  902. misnomer
    a name that is not accurate
  903. mushroom
    a fungus with a round flat head and short stem
  904. nasty
    very bad and unpleasant
  905. occasion
    a particular time when sth happens
  906. paddle
    to swim with short movements of your hands or flippers
  907. palpitate
    "to beat rapidly in an irregular way
  908. partner
    a person sb lives with as a wife/husband but to whom he/she is not married
  909. passage
    "the action of going across
  910. play footsie
    to touch s's feet with your feet in a playful way
  911. privilege
    a special right
  912. process
    a series of actions that you do for a particular purpose
  913. put off
    to discourage sb from doing sth
  914. "(put
  915. reef
    a long line of rocks near the surface of the water
  916. release
    to set free
  917. ridiculously
    in a very silly way
  918. roam
    to walk around without a definite direction
  919. scarce
    "if sth is scarce
  920. scarcely
    almost not
  921. scuba dive
    to swim underwater using special breathing equipment as a sport
  922. seal
    a sea mammal with short fur that eats fish
  923. set up
    to create sth or start it
  924. "(set
  925. shallow
    not deep
  926. skyscraper
    an extremely tall building
  927. solid
  928. sponsor
    to pay for the cost of an event
  929. state
    "the mental
  930. stick
    a thin piece of wood that has fallen or been broken from a tree
  931. sting
    (of an insect or plant) to touch your skin or make a very small hole in it so that you feel a sharp pain
  932. "(stung
  933. sweep by
    to move with a lot of force
  934. "(swept
  935. tag
    to fasten a small piece of paper or plastic to sth to identify it
  936. take (sth) at face value
    "to believe that sth is what it appears to be
  937. tempt
    to try to persuade sb to do sth
  938. tendency
    an expected way of behaving
  939. the worse for wear
    in a poor condition after doing sth difficult
  940. traffic jam
    "a lot of vehicles in the streets that move very slowly
  941. turtle
    "a large reptile with a hard round shell
  942. vital
  943. waist-deep
    up to the middle of your body
  944. youngster
    a young person or a child
  945. deal with
    "to solve a problem
  946. dependable
    that you can depend on
  947. desert
    to go away from a place
  948. drawback
    a disadvantage
  949. face
    to have to deal with a difficult situation
  950. feel free
    used to tell sb that they are allowed to do sth
  951. feel strange
    to not feel comfortable in a situation
  952. feel up to
    to feel physically capable of doing sth
  953. hesitate
    to feel uncertain or nervous about doing sth
  954. isolated
    "not connected with others
  955. last but not least
    not less important than others
  956. lonely
    unhappy because you have no friends or people to talk to
  957. mainland
    "the main area of land of a country
  958. make out
    to claim; to say that sth is true when it may not be
  959. neutral
    deliberately not expressing any strong feeling
  960. on the other hand
    used to show a contrasting opinion
  961. pollution
    "the process of making air
  962. reliable
    "that can be trusted
  963. search
    "an attempt to find sth/sb
  964. sum up
    to state the main points of sth in a short way
  965. 05 USE OF ENGLISH (Student's Book pp50?51)
  966. ancestor
    a person in your family who lived a long time ago
  967. anthropologist
    "a person who studies the human race
  968. canoe
    a light narrow boat which you move along in the water with a paddle
  969. century
    a period of 100 years
  970. challenge
    a new or difficult task that tests s's ability and skill
  971. climate
    the regular pattern of weather conditions of a particular place
  972. colonise
    to take control of an area or a country that is not your own and send people from your own country to live there
  973. completion
    the state of being finished and complete
  974. continent
    "one of the large land masses of the earth such as Europe
  975. crop
    "a plant that is grown in large quantities
  976. daring
    brave; willing to do dangerous or unusual things
  977. debate
    an argument or discussion expressing different opinions
  978. decade
    "a period of ten years
  979. distinctly
  980. enter
    to come or go into sth
  981. excite
    to make sb feel a particular emotion
  982. expedition
    a journey for a special purpose usually to discover sth
  983. fern
    a plant with large delicate leaves and no flowers that grows in wet areas
  984. fjord
    a long narrow strip of sea between high cliffs
  985. geology
    the origin and history of the rocks and soil of a particular area
  986. glacier
    a large mass of ice that moves very slowly down a valley
  987. growth
    "(of people
  988. hurt
    to cause physical pain to sb/yourself
  989. "(hurt
  990. incredibly
    in a way that is very difficult to believe
  991. land
    to arrive somewhere in a plane or a boat
  992. landmass
    "a large area of land
  993. majestic
    impressive because of size or beauty
  994. Maori
    a member of a race of people who were the original people living in New Zealand
  995. migration
    "the movement of large numbers of people
  996. mining
    the process of getting coal and other minerals from under the ground
  997. over
  998. party
    a group of people who are doing sth together such as travelling or visiting somewhere
  999. peak
    the pointed top of a mountain
  1000. permanent
    lasting for a long time
  1001. Polynesian
    "sb from Polynesia
  1002. prevent
    to stop sb from doing sth
  1003. purpose
  1004. remarkable
    unusual or surprising in a way that causes people to take notice
  1005. remote
    far away from where people live
  1006. rest
    to relax or do nothing after a period of activity or illness
  1007. ring
    to telephone sb/sth
  1008. separate
    not joined to anything
  1009. settler
    a person who goes to live in a new country or region
  1010. sign of (sth)
    "an event
  1011. snow-capped
    (of mountains and hills) covered with snow on top
  1012. stretch
    to spread over an area of land
  1013. survive
    to continue to live or exist
  1014. tear
    to damage by pulling something apart
  1015. "(tore
  1016. territory
    land that is under the control of a particular country or ruler
  1017. volcano
    "a mountain with a large opening at the top through which gases and lava are forced out into the air
  1018. voyage
    "a long journey
  1019. windy
    "(of weather
  1020. a touch of class
    an elegant quality
  1021. accurate
  1022. centigrade
  1023. charter flight
    cheap flight offered by a travel agency
  1024. coarse
  1025. cope (with)
    to manage a difficult situation successfully
  1026. crowd
    "ordinary people
  1027. depart
    "usually to leave a place; here
  1028. do (sth) standing on my head
    to be able to do sth very easily and without having to think too much
  1029. download
    to move data to a smaller computer system from a larger one
  1030. entrant
    a person who is taking part in a competition
  1031. equipment
    the things that are needed for a particular activity
  1032. follow in (s's) footsteps
    to do the same thing as someone else did in the past
  1033. function
    what a machine does
  1034. gentle
    "not strong
  1035. ingredient
    one of the things from which sth is made
  1036. miserable
    "bad in quality
  1037. not have a clue
    to know nothing about sth or about how to do sth
  1038. occasionally
    sometimes but not often
  1039. odd
    "not regular
  1040. off-piste
    away from the tracks of firm snow that have been prepared for skiing on
  1041. (how) on earth
    used to emphasise the question you are asking when you are surprised or angry or cannot think of an obvious answer
  1042. outlook
    the probable future
  1043. overcast
    covered with clouds
  1044. own
    "to have sth that belongs to you
  1045. particularly
  1046. perfectionist
    a person who likes to do things perfectly
  1047. point
    the main or most important idea
  1048. pretty
  1049. protective
    intended to make sure that sth is not harmed or damaged
  1050. range
    a set of products of a particular type
  1051. recipe
    a set of instructions that tells you how to cook sth and the items of food you need for it
  1052. be recognised
    thought of as very good or important by people in general
  1053. run
    to organise sth
  1054. "(ran
  1055. safety
    the state of being protected from danger or harm
  1056. scattered
    spread all over a place
  1057. seize
    to grab
  1058. sheer
    "used to emphasise the size
  1059. short-term
    lasting a short time
  1060. shower
    a short period of rain
  1061. soar
    to rise very quickly
  1062. stand out
    to cause sth to be noticed
  1063. "(stood
  1064. surroundings
    everything around a place
  1065. the charts
    "a list
  1066. timepiece
    a clock or watch
  1067. unaccompanied
    when a person goes somewhere without having anyone else with them
  1068. value for money
    worth the money it costs
  1069. volume
    the amount of sth
  1070. wheel
    one of the circular objects under a car or bus that turns when it moves
  1071. would rather
    would prefer to
  1072. actually
    used to correct sb in a polite way
  1073. congestion
    the state of being full of vehicles
  1074. die out
    to stop existing
  1075. rubbish
    things that you throw away because you no longer want or need them
  1076. species
    a group into which animals or plants are divided
  1077. admire
    to respect sb for what they are
  1078. application
    a formal request for a job or a place at college
  1079. aspect
    a particular part or feature of a situation or a problem
  1080. background
    "type of family
  1081. bathe
    "to wash sth with water
  1082. charity
    an organisation that collects money to help others
  1083. coach
    to train sb to play a sport
  1084. come across
    to find unexpectedly
  1085. "(came
  1086. commitment
    a thing that you have promised or have to do
  1087. constructive
    having a useful and helpful effect rather than being negative or with no purpose
  1088. deprived
    without all the things that are necessary for people to live a happy and comfortable life
  1089. disabled
    unable to use a part of your body
  1090. disadvantaged
    "not having the things
  1091. eager
    very interested and excited about sth that you want to do
  1092. expenses
    money that you spend while you are working that your employer will pay back to you later
  1093. further
    to help sth to develop or be successful
  1094. further afield
    far away from home; to or in places that are not near
  1095. handler
    "a person who trains and controls animals
  1096. introduction
    a person's first experience of sth
  1097. laid-back
    calm and relaxed
  1098. lay
    to put in a particular position
  1099. "(laid
  1100. leap
    to jump high or a long way
  1101. "(leapt
  1102. lie
    "1) (lay
  1103. look back (on)
    to think about what happened in the past
  1104. look into
    to examine sth
  1105. look out
    to be careful
  1106. look through
    to examine or read sth quickly
  1107. look up
    to look for information in a dictionary or reference book
  1108. look up to
    to admire or respect sb
  1109. low
    weak or depressed
  1110. organisational
    of making arrangements or preparations for sth
  1111. orphanage
    a home for children whose parents are dead
  1112. reluctantly
    hesitating before you do sth because you do't really want to do it
  1113. self-confidence
    confidence in yourself and your abilities
  1114. self-esteem
    a feeling of being happy with your own character and abilities
  1115. take on
    to agree to be responsible for sb/sth
  1116. the chance of a lifetime
    "a wonderful opportunity
  1117. vastly
    very much
  1118. vet
    a person who has been trained in treating animals which are ill or injured
  1119. voluntary
    done by people who choose to do it without being paid
  1120. when it comes to
    when it is a question of sth
  1121. bookworm
    a person who likes reading books a lot
  1122. character
    "a person in a book
  1123. cliff
    a high and very steep rock
  1124. collapse
    to fail suddenly and completely
  1125. come bottom
    to be in the lowest position
  1126. distant
    a long way away
  1127. from top to bottom
    going to every part of a place
  1128. get to the bottom of (sth)
    to find out the real cause of sth
  1129. ghost
    the spirit of a dead person that a living person believes they can see or hear
  1130. hillside
    the side of a hill
  1131. league
    a group of teams that compete with each other for the championship
  1132. mist
    a cloud just above the ground that makes it difficult to see
  1133. path
    a track that is made by the action of people walking
  1134. personality
    s's character
  1135. pipe
    a tube with a ball-shaped part used for smoking tobacco
  1136. read on
    to continue reading
  1137. "(read
  1138. roll down
    to move by turning over
  1139. route
    a way that you follow to get from one place to another
  1140. sharp
    having a thin and strong edge that can cut
  1141. start at the bottom
    begin at the lowest position
  1142. steep
    sloping very sharply
  1143. the bottom has fallen out of
    people have stopped buying a compan's products
  1144. thick
    difficult to see through
  1145. trade
    buying and selling goods
  1146. assess
    to calculate the amount or value of sth
  1147. attempt
    when you try to do sth difficult
  1148. bank
    the side of a river or a canal
  1149. burst
    "to break open or apart
  1150. caravan
    "a road vehicle without an engine that is pulled by a car
  1151. coastguard
    an official organisation whose job is to watch the sea near a coast in order to help ships and people in trouble
  1152. cut off
    to prevent sb/sth from reaching a place
  1153. "(cut
  1154. dry-clean
    to clean clothes using chemicals instead of water
  1155. emergency
    a sudden and dangerous situation
  1156. escape
    the act of getting away from an unpleasant or dangerous situation
  1157. fed up with
    to be bored and unhappy
  1158. flood
    "if a place floods or sth floods it
  1159. house
    to provide sb/sth with a place to live or a place to stay permanently
  1160. joke
    to say sth to make people laugh
  1161. livestock
    "the animals kept on a farm
  1162. lorry
    a large motor vehicle for carrying heavy loads by road
  1163. means (of)
    "an action
  1164. operation
    an organised activity that involves a lot of people
  1165. overflow
    to be so full that the contents go over the sides
  1166. overturn
    if sth overturns it turns upside down or on its side
  1167. praise
    words of approval or admiration
  1168. question
    to ask sb questions about sth officially
  1169. rarely
    not very often
  1170. redecorate
    to put new paint and/or paper on the walls of a room or house
  1171. relieved
    feeling happy because sth unpleasant has stopped or has not happened
  1172. repair
    to mend sth that is damaged
  1173. shatter
    to suddenly break into small pieces
  1174. soaking wet
    very wet
  1175. spokesperson
    a person who speaks on behalf of a group or an organisation
  1176. swirl
    to move around quickly with a circular movement
  1177. torrential
    (of rain) falling in large amounts
  1178. trap
    to keep sb in a dangerous place or bad situation that they want to get out of but cannot
  1179. win through
    to be successful in spite of difficulties
  1180. "(won
  1181. winch
    to lift sb/sth up into the air using a machine with a rope or chain
  1182. bull
    the male of any animal in the cow family
  1183. civilisation
    a place that offers you the comfortable way of life of a modern society
  1184. companion
    a person who stays with you to keep you company
  1185. cover
    to travel the distance mentioned
  1186. cross
    to pass from one side to the other
  1187. distance
    the amount of space between two places or things
  1188. foolish
  1189. get (sb) to
    to make sb do sth
  1190. "(got
  1191. on horseback
    sitting on a horse
  1192. on reaching
    when they arrived at
  1193. pack
    to put clothes into a bag in preparation for a trip away from home
  1194. pour with rain
    "when i's pouring with rain
  1195. pull off
    to succeed in doing sth
  1196. quicksands
    deep wet sand that you sink into if you walk on it
  1197. reach a point
    to arrive at a particular point or stage of sth after a period of time
  1198. scare
    to frighten sb
  1199. set out
    to leave on a journey
  1200. "(set
  1201. sick with fear
    to be extremely worried
  1202. silly
    "showing a lack of thought
  1203. stage
    a separate part that a process is divided into
  1204. thoroughly
  1205. time off
    time spent not working
  1206. tour guide
    a person employed to show tourists around interesting places
  1207. trust
    to have confidence in sb
  1208. as a matter of fact
    "to tell the truth
  1209. bore (sb) stiff
    make sb feel terribly bored
  1210. fond (of)
    liking sth
  1211. mad about
    liking sth/sb very much
  1212. approach
    a way of dealing with sb/sth; a way of thinking about sth such as a problem
  1213. approved
  1214. astounded
    "very surprised or shocked by sth
  1215. backpacker
    a tourist who carries his things in a bag on his back
  1216. beyond
    further or more than sth
  1217. bowl sb over
    to surprise or impress sb a lot
  1218. carbon-copy
    a person or thing that is very similar to sb/sth else
  1219. catch my eye
    to attract my attention
  1220. check out
    to look at or examine sth that seems interesting or attractive
  1221. checklist
    a list of the things that you must remember to do
  1222. churn out
    to produce sth quickly and in large amounts
  1223. colonial
    connected with or belonging to a country that controls another country
  1224. conservatory
    a school or college at which people are trained in music
  1225. date back (to)
    to have existed since a particular time in the past or for the length of time mentioned
  1226. device
    an object or a piece of equipment that has been designed to do a particular job
  1227. directory
    "a book containing lists of information
  1228. early on
    at an early stage of a situation
  1229. en route
    on the way
  1230. engagement
    an arrangement to do sth at a particular time
  1231. equator
    an imaginary line around the earth at an equal distance from the North and South Poles
  1232. extra
    a person who is employed to play a very small part in a film
  1233. famed
    very well known
  1234. fellow-traveller
    used to describe sb who is the same as you in some way; here they are also a traveller
  1235. folk
    traditional and typical of the ordinary people of a country or community
  1236. fresh
    having just had a particular experience
  1237. frustrated
    feeling helpless after failing to do sth although you have tried hard
  1238. give way to
    to be replaced by sth
  1239. go local
    to go to a place and develop local habits
  1240. GPS
    "global positioning system (= a system by which signals are sent from satellites to a special device
  1241. hang about
    "to wait or stay near a place
  1242. "(hung
  1243. hang back
    to hesitate because you are nervous about doing or saying sth
  1244. "(hung
  1245. hang on
    1) wait for a short time
  1246. "(hung
  1247. hang out
    to spend a lot of time in a place
  1248. "(hung
  1249. hang up
    "to put the telephone down suddenly
  1250. "(hung
  1251. head (to)
    to move in a particular direction
  1252. hostel
    a cheap hotel for students or travellers
  1253. insight (into)
    an understanding of what sth is like
  1254. live up to (sth)
    to do as well as or be as good as other people expect you to
  1255. location
    "a place where sth happens
  1256. negotiate
    to successfully get over a difficult part on a path or route
  1257. networking
    a system of trying to meet and talk to other people who may be useful to you in what you are trying to do
  1258. off-centre
    not exactly in the centre of sth
  1259. package tour
    "a holiday that is organised by a company at a fixed price and that includes the cost of travel
  1260. plaza
    a public outdoor square esp. in a town where Spanish is spoken
  1261. prearrange
    plan or arrange in advance
  1262. proclaim
    to declare
  1263. put to the test
    to put sb/sth in a situation which will show what their true qualities are
  1264. puzzled
  1265. reduction
    how much cheaper a certain product is sold
  1266. reel off
    to say or repeat sth quickly without having to stop or think about it
  1267. restricted
    limited in what you are able to do
  1268. room for manoeuvre
    chance to change or influence a situation
  1269. serve (as)
    to be suitable for a particular use
  1270. share
    "to use
  1271. sidewalk
    American English for pavement
  1272. simultaneously
    done at the same time as sth else
  1273. snobby
    feeling that you are better than other people because you are more intelligent
  1274. specific
  1275. spot-on
    exactly right
  1276. stereotypical
    happening in the usual way
  1277. surprisingly
    in a way that surprises sb
  1278. ther's no point in
    there is no purpose
  1279. a tight schedule
    a lot of things to do in a short time
  1280. to date
    until now
  1281. blame
    to think that sb is responsible for sth bad
  1282. cabin
    a small room on a ship in which you live or sleep
  1283. fascinating
    extremely innteresting and attractive
  1284. flight connection
    a plane at an airport that a passenger can take soon after getting off another in order to continue their journey
  1285. make a habit of
    to do sth regularly
  1286. make all the difference
    to have an important effect on sb/sth
  1287. make do with
    to manage with sth that is't really satisfactory
  1288. make out
    "to understand
  1289. "(made
  1290. make the most of
    To gain the best advantage possible
  1291. make up my mind
    to decide
  1292. site
    a place where sth has happened or that is used for sth
  1293. temple
    a building used for the worship of a god or gods
  1294. tomb
    "a large grave
  1295. alternate
    to keep changing from one thing to another and back again
  1296. award
    a prize
  1297. brainstorm
    to think of as many solutions to a problem as possible
  1298. break into
    to get into a house illegally in order to steal valuables
  1299. "(broke
  1300. car hire
    the act of paying to use a car for a short time
  1301. dash
    to go somewhere very quickly
  1302. gloom
    almost total darkness
  1303. hunger
    the state of not having enough food to eat
  1304. husky
    "a large strong dog with thick hair
  1305. log cabin
    a small house built of logs
  1306. overnight
    happening during the night
  1307. set off
    to begin a journey
  1308. "(set
  1309. sled
    a vehicle for travelling over snow and ice
  1310. slide
    to move easily over a smooth or wet surface
  1311. steward
    "a man whose job is to take care of passengers on an aircraft and who brings them meals
  1312. suffer (from)
    "to be badly affected by a disease
  1313. threaten
    "to say that you will cause trouble
  1314. throw about
    to move sth suddenly and forcefully in different directions
  1315. "(threw
  1316. twinkle
    to shine with a light that keeps changing from bright to faint to bright again
  1317. wilderness
    a large area of land that has never been developed
  1318. appreciate
    to recognise the good qualities of a person or thing
  1319. as such
    in the exact sense of the word
  1320. beneficial
  1321. the bottom line
    the most important thing
  1322. carbon dioxide
    a gas breathed out by people and animals from the lungs or produced by burning
  1323. carbon monoxide
    a poisonous gas that is formed when carbon is not burnt completely
  1324. convenience
    sth useful that makes your life easier
  1325. decent
    of good quality
  1326. drone
    to make a continuous low noise
  1327. gridlock
    too many cars in the streets so that the traffic cannot move at all
  1328. have it all ways
    to want to have the advantages of two or more different situations that are impossible to combine
  1329. in effect
    used when you mention what really happens
  1330. initially
    at first
  1331. moan
    to complain about sth in a way that other people find annoying
  1332. progress
  1333. put up with
    to allow sth to happen although you disagree
  1334. "(put
  1335. race track
    "a track for races between cars
  1336. southbound
  1337. the trouble is
    what is difficult is
  1338. luggage
  1339. scenery
    "the natural features of an area
  1340. ache
    to feel a continuous pain
  1341. alpine
    "existing in or connected with high mountains
  1342. altitude
    the height of sth above sea level
  1343. angle
    "the space between two lines or surfaces that join
  1344. astonished
    very surprised
  1345. awkwardly
    not using the body well
  1346. beech
    a large tree that produces small nuts
  1347. bound
    to run very quickly with long steps in an enthusiastic way
  1348. brass
    "a bright yellow metal
  1349. bubble
    air goes through a liquid and reaches the surface
  1350. bunch
    a number of things fastened together
  1351. cafeteria
    a restaurant where people carry their own food to their tables
  1352. cattle
    cows and bulls kept as farm animals
  1353. cease
    to stop
  1354. chalet
    "a wooden house with a roof that slopes steeply down over the sides
  1355. chatter
    (of teeth) to knock together because you are cold
  1356. chill
    unpleasant coldness
  1357. chime
    to ring (of a bell or clock)
  1358. crouch
    to bend your legs and body so that you are close to the ground
  1359. cuckoo clock
    a clock with a small bird inside that comes out every hour and makes a sound like a cuckoo (type of bird)
  1360. dash s's hopes
    to destroy s's hopes by making them impossible to achieve
  1361. dawn
    early in the morning when light first appears in the sky
  1362. dim
    not bright
  1363. dissolve
    to mix or be mixed with a liquid and become part of it
  1364. domestic
    "kept as a pet
  1365. drizzle
    very fine rain
  1366. duvet
    "a large bag filled with feathers
  1367. faint
    not strong or clear
  1368. filter
    to come into a place slowly
  1369. fine
    very thin or narrow
  1370. fling off
    to throw sth with force
  1371. "(flung
  1372. fluffy
  1373. freeze
    to stop moving suddenly because you are frightened
  1374. "(froze
  1375. fumble
    to use your hands with difficulty when looking for sth
  1376. glide
    to move smoothly without making any noise
  1377. glint
    to produce flashes of light
  1378. glow
    to produce a soft light
  1379. haystack
    a large pile of hay
  1380. heel
    the back part of your foot
  1381. hook
    a curved piece of metal for hanging sth on
  1382. inquisitive
    interested in finding out about many different things
  1383. intense
    very strong
  1384. interior
    the inside part of sth
  1385. jailer
    a person in charge of a prison
  1386. jangle
    to make a harsh sound like two pieces of metal hitting each other
  1387. linger
    to stay somewhere longer than expected
  1388. lodge
    a small house in the country where people stay when they want to take part in some types of outdoor sport
  1389. log
    a thick piece of wood that has fallen from a tree
  1390. mauve
    pale purple in colour
  1391. meadow
    a field of grass and wild flowers
  1392. monstrous
    very large and ugly
  1393. on closer inspection
    after examining every detail
  1394. perch
    to be placed on top of sth
  1395. persist
    to continue to do sth despite difficulties
  1396. pine
    a tall evergreen tree or the wood from that tree
  1397. plod
    "a kind of walk which is slow
  1398. pose
    to stand or sit in a particular way for a photograph
  1399. precious
    rare and worth a lot of money
  1400. present (with)
    to show sth
  1401. prompt
    to make sb decide to do sth
  1402. purple
    having the colour of blue and red mixed together
  1403. rainbow
    an arch of different colours seen in the sky when the sun shines through rain
  1404. rattle
    to make a noise like hard things hitting each other
  1405. rear
    at the back of
  1406. rock face
    the vertical surface of a rock
  1407. set back
    to delay the progress of sth
  1408. "(set
  1409. set down
    to write sth down on paper in order to record it
  1410. "(set
  1411. set in
    "(of rain
  1412. "(set
  1413. set off
    to make an alarm start ringing
  1414. "(set
  1415. set out
    to leave a place and begin a journey
  1416. "(set
  1417. set up
    to create sth or start it
  1418. "(set
  1419. shuttered
    with closed shutters
  1420. silhouette
    the dark outline of a person or an object seen against a light background
  1421. slack
    "not very busy
  1422. solitary
    with no other people or things around
  1423. spot
    to notice sth suddenly and perhaps with some difficulty
  1424. squirrel
    a small animal that lives in trees and eats nuts
  1425. steady
    developing gradually and in an even and regular way
  1426. still
    not moving
  1427. strenuous
    "needing great effort
  1428. summit
    the top of a mountain
  1429. tank
    a large container for holding liquid or gas
  1430. tick away
    to mark the time
  1431. tiptoe
    to walk on your toes trying not to make a noise
  1432. torch
    a small electric lamp that you carry in your hand
  1433. trout
    a common freshwater fish used for food
  1434. undergrowth
    bushes and other plants growing under trees
  1435. varnish
    to paint wooden surfaces with a special liquid to protect them and make them shine
  1436. visible
    that can be seen
  1437. wise
    able to make sensible decisions
  1438. appearance
    the way that sb/sth looks on the outside
  1439. arrest
    to take sb to a police station and keep them there because they may be guilty of a crime
  1440. block
    to stop sb from going somewhere by standing in front of them or in their way
  1441. briefcase
    a flat case used for carrying papers and documents
  1442. direction
    the general position a person or thing moves or points towards
  1443. do't like the look of (sth)
    be worried by the appearance of sth
  1444. headline
    "the title of a newspaper article printed in large letters
  1445. hurriedly
    done too quickly because you do not have enough time
  1446. identification
    official papers or a document that can prove who you are
  1447. lean
    to bend or move from an upright position
  1448. look ahead
    to think about what is going to happen in the future
  1449. look around
    to turn your head so that you can see sth
  1450. look your age
    to seem as old as you really are and not younger or older
  1451. middle-aged
    (of a person) neither young nor old
  1452. not much to look at
    not attractive
  1453. suspicious
    "feeling that sb has done sth wrong
  1454. theft
    the crime of stealing sth from a person or place
  1455. tracksuit
    a warm loose pair of trousers and matching jacket worn for sports practice
  1456. barrier
    a problem or situation that prevents sb from doing sth
  1457. expert
    "a person with special knowledge
  1458. give away
    to give sth as a gift
  1459. "(gave
  1460. hiccup
    a repeated sound in the throat that you cannot control
  1461. keep sth to yourself
    to not tell other people about sth
  1462. key
    most important
  1463. luxury
    "very great comfort
  1464. pace
    "the speed at which sb/sth walks
  1465. perception
    the way you notice things
  1466. pillar
    a column which supports a building or part of a building
  1467. proud (of)
    feeling pleased and satisfied about sth that you own or have done
  1468. sound
    to give a particular impression when heard or read about
  1469. speculate
    to make a guess about sth
  1470. steam
    the hot gas that is produce by boiling water
  1471. synchronise
    to happen at the same time or to move at the same speed as sth
  1472. tune
  1473. artificial
    made or produced to copy sth natural
  1474. authorities
    people who have the power to give orders
  1475. bleak
  1476. catch
    to capture a person or animal that tries or would try to escape
  1477. "(caught
  1478. clear
    to get official approval for sth
  1479. for a good cause
    to help other people
  1480. glass-fronted
    to have the front covered with glass
  1481. go about
    to start working on sth
  1482. "(went
  1483. hammer
    to hit a nail into a surface
  1484. hand hold
    sth on the surface of a steep slope that a climber can hold
  1485. mentality
    a way of thinking
  1486. mountaineering
    the sport or activity of climbing mountains
  1487. permission
    the act of allowing sb to do sth
  1488. resist
    to stop yourself from having sth you like or want
  1489. rope
    "very string thick string made by twisting thinner strings
  1490. security
    the state of feeling safe
  1491. set your heart on
    to want sth very much
  1492. tie
    "to attach or hold two things or more things together using string
  1493. track
  1494. view
    to consider; to think about sb/sth in a particular way
  1495. compulsory
    that must be done because of a law or a rule
  1496. acquaintance
    a person that you know but who is not a close friend
  1497. affairs
    events that are of public interest or political importance
  1498. be at odds
    to disagree with sb about sth
  1499. break up
    to end a relationship
  1500. (with)
    Sarah broke up with Darren after she found out that he had been lying to her.
  1501. "(broke
  1502. catch up (with sb)
    "to find out about things that have happened
  1503. "(caught
  1504. clean up after (sb)
    to remove dirt or tidy up when sb has made the place dirty or untidy
  1505. come down with
    to become ill
  1506. "(came
  1507. compromise
    to do sth that is against your principles
  1508. consistently
    always in the same way and continuing for a period of time
  1509. cut all ties
    to end all communication or have no connection with sb/sth
  1510. "(cut
  1511. cutlery
  1512. drift apart
    to become less friendly or close to sb
  1513. evade
    to find a way of not doing sth
  1514. existence
    a way of living
  1515. face up to
    to accept and deal with sth that is difficult or unpleasant
  1516. fall out with
    to stop being friendly with sb because of a fight
  1517. "(fell
  1518. fixed
    "(of ideas
  1519. for fear of
    to avoid the danger of sth happening
  1520. force (sth) on (sb)
    to make sb accept sth that they do not want
  1521. gathering
    a meeting of people for a particular purpose
  1522. global
    of all the world
  1523. grow out of
    to stop doing sth as you become older
  1524. "(grew
  1525. grown-up
    (of a person) mentally and physically an adult
  1526. housemate
    a person that you share a house with
  1527. inclination (to do sth)
    a feeling that makes you want to do sth
  1528. inconvenience
    trouble or problems
  1529. inferior
    not as good as sb/sth else
  1530. justify
    to give an explanation or excuse for sth or for doing sth
  1531. mature
    to develop emotionally and start to behave like a sensible adult
  1532. merely
  1533. move on
    to start doing or discussing sth new
  1534. mutual
    shared by two or more people
  1535. not see eye to eye
    to not share the same views as sb about sth
  1536. (weeks) on end
    "for the stated length of time
  1537. open-minded
    "willing to listen to
  1538. pile
    a number of things that are one on top of the other
  1539. prove yourself
    to show other people how good you are at doing sth
  1540. rationally
    based on reason
  1541. resolve
    to find a satisfactory solution to a problem or difficulty
  1542. respond
    to do sth as a reaction to sth that sb has said or done
  1543. retreat
    to escape to a place that is quieter or safer
  1544. row
    a noisy argument
  1545. shy
    nervous or embarrassed about meeting and speaking to other people
  1546. superficial
    not serious or important and lacking any depth of understanding or feeling
  1547. trivial
    not important or serious
  1548. trustworthy
    "that you can rely on to be good
  1549. verbally
    in spoken words and not in writing or actions
  1550. withdrawn
    extremely quiet and shy
  1551. catering
    the work of providing food and drinks for meetings or social events
  1552. confirm
    to state or show that sth is definitely true or correct
  1553. estimate
    "to form an idea of the cost
  1554. in reply to
    the act of answering sb
  1555. match
    to find sb/sth that goes together with or is connected with another person or thing
  1556. membership
    "the state of belonging to a group
  1557. part-time
    for only part of the working day or week
  1558. penfriend
    a person that you make friends with by writing letters
  1559. position
  1560. regarding
    concerning sb/sth
  1561. abroad
    in or to a foreign country
  1562. at the turn of the century
    the time when a new century starts
  1563. autumn
    "the season of the year between summer and winter
  1564. the Bering Sea
    "(name) part of the North Pacific between Siberia and Alaska
  1565. break down
    (of a machine or vehicle ) to stop working because of a fault
  1566. brutal
    "violent and cruel
  1567. by rail
    by train
  1568. by relay
    carrying sth over a long distance using sets of people and animals that replace the others who are tired
  1569. citizen
    a person who lives in a particular place
  1570. courageous
  1571. cut back
    to do or have less of sth
  1572. "(cut
  1573. cut out
    "to block sth
  1574. "(cut
  1575. cut through
    to go across sth in order to make your route shorter
  1576. "(cut
  1577. diphtheria
    a serious infectious disease of the throat that causes difficulty in breathing
  1578. dogsled
    "a vehicle without wheels for travelling on snow
  1579. epidemic
    a large number of cases of a particular disease happening at the same time in a particular community
  1580. gale
    an extremely strong wind
  1581. gather
    "to pick
  1582. gold rush
    when a lot of people suddenly go to a place where gold has been found
  1583. handler
    "a person who trains and controls animals
  1584. harbour
  1585. heap
    to put things in an untidy pile
  1586. junk email
    advertising material that is sent via email to people who have not asked for it
  1587. lift
    to remove or end restrictions
  1588. merciless
    showing no kindness or pity
  1589. nursing
    the job of caring for sick people
  1590. oppose
    "to disagree strongly with s's plan
  1591. outburst
    a sudden strong expression of emotion
  1592. output
    the amount that a machine produces
  1593. quarantine
    a period of time when an animal or a person that has a disease is kept away from others in order to prevent the disease from spreading
  1594. remote
    far away from where people live
  1595. resolution
    a firm decision to do or not to do sth
  1596. scream
    "to give a loud
  1597. split up (with)
    to stop having a relationship with sb
  1598. "(split
  1599. work out
    to develop in a successful way
  1600. as luck would have it
    in such a way that chance decides what will happen
  1601. ballet
    a style of dancing that tells a dramatic story with music but no talking or singing
  1602. critic
    "a person who expresses disapproval of sb/sth
  1603. dedicate
    to give all your energy and time to sth
  1604. deep down
    "if you know sth deep down
  1605. essential
  1606. (not) get (sb) wrong
    to not understand correctly what sb means
  1607. in a way
    to some extent
  1608. lead a ? life
    to have a particular type of life
  1609. miss out on
    to fail to benefit from sth useful or enjoyable by not taking part in it
  1610. pastime
    sth that you enjoy doing
  1611. persuade
    to give sb good reasons for doing sth
  1612. reckon
    "to suppose
  1613. regret
    to feel sorry about sth you have done or about sth you have not been able to do
  1614. set your heart on sth
    to want sth very much
  1615. tour
    "to travel around a place
  1616. typical
    "having the usual qualities or features of a particular type of person
  1617. close
    knowing sb very well and liking them very much
  1618. acclaimed
  1619. acre
    a unit for measuring an area of land; 4050 square metres
  1620. admission
    the act of accepting sb into an institution
  1621. boom
    to have a period of rapid growth
  1622. breeding ground
    "a place where sth
  1623. bright
    giving reason to believe that good things will happen; likely to be successful
  1624. campus
    the buildings of a university or college and the land around them
  1625. canvas
    a piece of strong heavy rough fabric used for painting on
  1626. commercial
    connected with the buying and selling of goods and services
  1627. consumer
    a person who buys things and uses services
  1628. contemporary
  1629. cure
    to make a person or an animal healthy again after an illness
  1630. dealer
    a person whose business is buying and selling works of art
  1631. dean
    a person in a university who is in charge of a department of studies
  1632. decline
    gradual loss of strength
  1633. demand
    the need of customers for goods or services
  1634. depict
    to show an image of sth in a picture
  1635. digital
    "using an electronic signal
  1636. disciplined
    trained to obey rules
  1637. disillusioned
    disappointed because the person you admired or the idea you believed to be good and true now seems without value
  1638. draw
    a person or thing that attracts a lot of people
  1639. elite
    "that belongs to a group that has a lot of power or influence
  1640. exhibition
    "a collection of things
  1641. expressive
    showing or able to show your thoughts and feelings
  1642. faculty
    all the teachers in a department of a college or university
  1643. fiercely
  1644. Fine Arts
    "forms of art
  1645. flowering
    the time when sth reaches its most complete and successful stage of development
  1646. former
    of an earlier time
  1647. gesture
    to move your hands in order to express what you mean or want
  1648. graduate
    "to get a degree
  1649. hot
  1650. idealistic
    "having a strong belief in perfect standards and trying to achieve them
  1651. identity
    "the characteristics that distinguish a group of people
  1652. in search of
    looking for
  1653. label
    to fix a piece of paper on sth with information on it
  1654. lacking (in sth)
    having none or not enough of sth
  1655. major
    the main subject or course of a student at college or university (usually in the US)
  1656. materialistic
    caring more about money and possessions than anything else
  1657. medium
    "the material or the form that an artist
  1658. might as well
    the situation is the same or almost the same as if it were true
  1659. modest
    "not very large
  1660. motivated
    to make sb want to do sth
  1661. motive
    a reason for doing sth
  1662. nightmare
    "an experience that is very frightening and unpleasant
  1663. nowadays
    at the present time
  1664. open (to sb)
    to be available and ready to use
  1665. passion (for sb/sth)
    a very strong feeling of liking sth
  1666. place
    used to express the attitude sb has towards sb/sth
  1667. plot
    a piece of land that is used or intended for a special purpose
  1668. practical
    connected with real situations rather than with ideas or theories
  1669. present-day
    "existing in the world now
  1670. prestige
    the respect and admiration that sb/sth has because of what they have done
  1671. printmaking
    the technique of making a picture that is first carved into metal or wood and then covered with ink and printed onto paper
  1672. prosperous
    rich and successful
  1673. range
    a variety of things of a particular type
  1674. reduce
    to make less
  1675. reflect
    to show or to express
  1676. reshape
    to change the shape or structure of sth
  1677. sculptor
    a person who makes figures by carving wood or stone
  1678. selective
    tending to be careful about what or who you choose
  1679. shield
    to protect sb/sth from danger
  1680. shift
    a change in position or way of thinking
  1681. show up
    to arrive
  1682. "(showed
  1683. snap up
    to obtain sth quickly because it is cheap or you want it very much
  1684. society
    the people in a country with their customs and laws
  1685. sophisticated
    clever and complicated in the way that it works
  1686. spacious
    large and with plenty of room for people to move around in
  1687. state-run
    managed by the government
  1688. struggle
    "a hard fight in which people try to obtain or achieve sth
  1689. sum
    an amount of money
  1690. sweep
    "to move over an area
  1691. "(swept
  1692. talented
    having a natural ability to so sth well
  1693. transform
    to completely change the appearance or character of sth
  1694. trendy
  1695. turn away
    to refuse to allow sb to enter a place
  1696. turn back
    to return the way you have come
  1697. turn down
    1) to reject or refuse to consider an offer
  1698. turn into
    "to transform
  1699. turn out (to be)
    to prove to be
  1700. turn over
    to make sth change position so that the other side is facing outwards or upwards
  1701. unease
    the feeling of being worried or unhappy about sth
  1702. worth
    having a certain value
  1703. 10 WRITING (Student's Book pp98?99)
  1704. account
    written or spoken description of sth that has happened
  1705. change money
    change an amount of one currency for another
  1706. change the subject
    to talk about sth else
  1707. change your mind
    to change a decision or an opinion
  1708. come about
    to happen
  1709. "(came
  1710. come down
    to lower
  1711. "(came
  1712. come up against
    to face difficulties
  1713. "(came
  1714. come up with
    to find an answer
  1715. "(came
  1716. damaged
    "physically spoilt
  1717. disinterested
    not interested
  1718. leather
    material made by removing the hair or fur from animal skins
  1719. overpriced
    costing more than it is worth
  1720. receipt
    piece of paper that shows that goods or services have been paid for
  1721. refund
    an amount of money paid back to you for sth that you have bought but you are not happy with
  1722. reserved
    that has been booked in advance
  1723. shop window
    the glass at the front of a shop and the area behind it where goods are shown to the public
  1724. sketch
    a simple picture that is drawn quickly and does not have many details
  1725. strap
    a flat piece of leather or cloth for fastening things
  1726. zoom lens
    the part of a camera which contains a curved piece of glass that makes things look larger when you look through it
  1727. 10 USE OF ENGLISH (Student's Book pp 100?101)
  1728. alternative
    a thing that you can choose to do or have out of two or more possibilities
  1729. biro
    a plastic pen with a metal ball at the top that rolls ink onto the paper
  1730. castle
    "a large strong building with thick high walls and towers
  1731. compass
    instrument for finding direction
  1732. dispose (of)
    to get rid of sb/sth that you do not want or cannot keep
  1733. dynamo
    a device for turning energy from movement into electricity
  1734. experiment
    a scientific test that is carried out in order to gain new knowledge
  1735. extraction
    the act or process of removing or obtaining sth from sth else
  1736. fashion show
    an event organised in order to present the new fashion in clothes
  1737. graphite
    a soft black mineral that is a form of carbon
  1738. harm
    to hurt sb or damage sth
  1739. ink
    "coloured liquid for writing
  1740. instead of
    in the place of sth
  1741. internal combustion engine
    a type of engine used in most cars that produces power by burning petrol inside
  1742. invention
    a thing made for the first time
  1743. lead
    the thin black part of a pencil that marks paper
  1744. light bulb
    the glass part that fits into an electric lamp and gives light
  1745. manufacture
    to make goods in large quantities
  1746. mine
    "a deep hole or holes under the ground where minerals such as coal
  1747. monument
    "a building
  1748. motor
    a device that uses electricity or gas to produce movement and makes a machine work
  1749. politician
    "a person whose job is concerned with politics
  1750. recycled
    used to describe things that have been treated so they can be used again
  1751. situated
    which is in a particular place
  1752. statue
    "a figure of a person or an animal in stone
  1753. ton
    "a unit for measuring weight
  1754. worthwhile
  1755. 10 LISTENING (Student's Book p102)
  1756. arrangement
    the way things are done or organised
  1757. bargain
    sth that is cheaper than usual
  1758. be one for
    to be a person who enjoys sth
  1759. brand
    the name of a product that a company produces
  1760. buzz
    a strong feeling of pleasure or excitement
  1761. ca't hear myself think
    ca't think clearly because i's so noisy and distracting
  1762. drag
    to persuade sb to go somewhere they do not really want to go to
  1763. expenditure
    the amount of money that is spent
  1764. faulty
    not working properly
  1765. goods
    things that are produced to be sold
  1766. have an eye for (sth)
    "to be able to judge if things are valuable
  1767. inclined
    likely to do sth
  1768. le's face it
    le's accept reality
  1769. merchandise
    things for sale
  1770. mind you
    used to add sth to what you have just said esp. sth that makes it less strong
  1771. part with
    to give sth away that you would prefer to keep
  1772. reasonable
    (of prices) not too expensive
  1773. right
    a moral or legal claim to have or do sth
  1774. stock
    to keep a supply of a particular type of goods to sell
  1775. what really gets me
    what annoys me the most
  1776. silent
    (of a person) not speaking