Card Set Information
vacabulary words and word parts
Thyroid cartilage, supportive structure of the larynx; larger in males than in females.
Collection of lymphoid tissue in the nasopharynx; pharyngeal tonsils.
Air sac at the end of each bronchiole.
alveolus (pl. alveoli)
Topmost section of the lung.
Bottom section of the lung.
Fine subdivision of the bronchi made of smooth muscle and elastic fibers.
One of the two airways from the trachea to the lungs.
Hairlike extensions of a cell's surface that usually provide some protection by sweeping foreign particles away.
Membranous muscle between the abdominal and thoracic cavities that contracts and relaxes during the respiratory cycle.
Cartilaginous flap that covers the larynx during swallowing to prevent food from entering the airway.
Exchange of air between the body and the outside environment.
Part of the larynx consisting of the vocal folds of mucous membrane and muscle.
Midsection of the lung where the nerves and vessels enter and exit.
Bottom lobe of the lung.
Muscles between the ribs.
Exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide, between cells.
Part of the pharynx below and behind the larynx.
Organ of voice production in the respiratory tract, between the pharynx and the trachea; voice box.
One of two organs of respiration (left lung and right lung) in the thoracic cavity, where oxygenation of blood takes place.
Median portion of the thoracic cavity; septum between two areas of an organ or cavity.
Middle section of the right lung.
Opening in the external nose where air enters the body.
Cartilaginous division of the external nose.
Portion of the throat above the soft palate.
External structure supported by nasal bones and containing nasal cavity.
External openings at the base of the nose; also called external nares.
Back portion of the mouth, a division of the pharynx.
Lymphatic tissue that works as part of the immune system.
Area of the nasal cavity where external air is warmed by blood in the mucous membrane lining.
Outer layer of the pleura.
Passageway at back of mouth for air and food; throat.
Double layer of membrane making up the outside of the lungs.
pleura (pl. pleurae)
Space between the two pleura.
The body's system for breathing.
Passageways through which air moves into and out of the lungs.
Cartilaginous division, as in the nose.
Flexible muscular sheet that separates the nasopharynx from the rest of the pharynx.
Topmost lobe of each lung.
Also Adam's apple
Airways from the larynx into the bronchi; windpipe.
Inner layer of the pleura.
Strips of epithelial tissue that vibrate and play a major role in the production of sound.
bronch (o), bronchi (o)
lobe of the lung
ox (o), oxi-, oxy
Laboratory test that measures the levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide in arterial blood.
arterial blood gases (ABGs)
Listening to internal sounds with a stethoscope.
Retrieval of fluid for examination through a bronchoscope.
bronchial alveolar lavage
Retrieval of material for biopsy by insertion of a brush through a bronchoscope.
Radiological picture of the trachea and bronchi.
Device used to examine airways.
Tube used to view a body cavity.
Visual examination of the mouth and larynx using an endoscope.
Visual examination of the mediastinum and all the organs within it using an endoscope.
Examination of the nasal passages and the pharynx using an endoscope.
Device for measuring breating capacity.
peak flow meter
Tapping on the surface of the body to see if lungs are clear.
Tests that measure the mechanics of breathing.
pulmonary function tests
Testing machine that measures the lung's volume and capacity.
Culture of material that is expectorated (brought back up as mucus).
sputum sample or culture
Test for cystic fibrosis that measures the amount of salt in sweat.
Test for streptococcal or other infections in which a swab taken on the surface of the throat is placed in a culture to see if certain bacteria grow.
Inflammation of the adenoids.
Lung disease caused by long-term inhalation of coal dust; black lung disease.
Cessation of breathing.
Lung disorder caused by long-term inhalation of asbestos (as in construction work).
Chronic condition with obstruction or narrowing of the brochial airways.
Collapse of a lung or part of a lung.
A type of bacteria that causes tuberulosis.
bacilli (sing. bacillus)
Abnormally slow breathing.
Inflammation of the bronchi.
Sudden contraction in the bronchi that causes coughing.
Irregular breathing pattern with a period of apnea followed by deep, labored breathing that becomes shallow, then apneic.
Recurring or long-lasting bouts of bronchitis.
Disease of the bronchial tubes or lungs with chronic obstruction.
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Popping sounds heard in lung collapse or other conditions; rales.
Acute respiratory syndrome in children or infants accompenied by seal-like coughing.
Disease that causes chronic airways obstruction and also affects the bronchial tubes.
Acute infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract caused by bacteria.
Hoarseness usually caused by laryngitis.
Chronic condition of hyperinflation of the air sacs; often caused by prolonged smoking.
Pus in the pleural cavity.
Inflammation of the epliglottis.
Bleeding from the nose, usually caused by trauma or a sudden rupture of the blood vessels of the nose.
Lung or bronchial hemorrhage resulting in the spitting of blood.
Blood in the pleural cavity.
Excessive buildup of carbon dioxide in lungs, usually associated with hypoventilation.
Abnormally deep breathing.
Abnormally fast breathing in and out, often associated with anxiety.
Abnormally low movement of air in and out of the lungs.
Deficient amount of oxygen in the blood.
Deficient amount of oxygen in tissue.
Inflammation of the larynx.
Sudden contration of the larynx, which may cause caughing and may restrict breathing.
Rare cancer of the lungs associated with asbestosis.
Difficulty in breathing, especially while lying down.
Sudden, as a spasm or convulsion.
Severe infection of the pharynx, larynx, and trachea caused by bacteria; whooping cough.
Inflammation of the pharynx; sore throat.
Escape of fluid into the pleural cavity.
Inflammation of the pleura.
Lung condition caused by inhaling dust.
Acute infection of the alveoli.
Inflammation of the lung.
Accumulation of air or gas in the pleural cavity.
Large collection of pus in the lungs.
Fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles usually cased by failure of the heart to pump enough blood to and from lungs.
Lung condition caused by silica dust from grinding rocks or glass or other materials used in manufacturing.
Inflammation of the sinuses.
High-pitched crowing sound heard in certain respiratory conditions.
Abnormally fast breathing.
Inflammation of the tonsils.
Inflammation of the trachea.
Acute infectious disease caused by bacteria called bacilli.
Infection of all or part of upper portion of respiratory tract.
upper respiratory infection
Whistling sounds heard on inspiration in certain breathing disorders, especially asthma.
Removal of the adenoids.
Surgical repair of a bronchus.
Insertion of a tube through the nose or mouth, pharynx, and larynx and into the trachea to establish an airway.
Removal of the larynx.
Surgical puncture of the larynx.
Repair of the larynx.
Creation of an artificial opening in the larynx.
Incision into the larynx and trachea.
Removal of one of the lobes of a lung.
Medical doctor who diagnoses and treats disorders of the ear, nose, and throat.
Surgical puncture of pleural space.
Fixing in place of the pleura surgically, usually in case of injury or deterioration.
Incision of the lung and bronchus.
Removal of a lung.
Surgical repair of the bones of the nose.
Surgical repair of the nasal septum.
Creation of an opening in the nasal septum.
Incision of a sinus.
Surgeon who specializes in surgery of the thorax.
Surgical puncture of the chest cavity.
Removal of the tonsils.
Repair of the trachea.
Creation of an artificial opening in the trachea.
Incision into the trachea.