Chapter 7

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emcadeho
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206190
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Chapter 7
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2013-03-10 14:49:23
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Respiratory System
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vacabulary words and word parts
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  1. Thyroid cartilage, supportive structure of the larynx; larger in males than in females.
    Adam's apple
  2. Collection of lymphoid tissue in the nasopharynx; pharyngeal tonsils.
    adenoids
  3. Air sac at the end of each bronchiole.
    alveolus (pl. alveoli)
  4. Topmost section of the lung.
    apex
  5. Bottom section of the lung.
    base
  6. Fine subdivision of the bronchi made of smooth muscle and elastic fibers.
    bronchiole
  7. One of the two airways from the trachea to the lungs.
    bronchus
  8. Hairlike extensions of a cell's surface that usually provide some protection by sweeping foreign particles away.
    cilia
  9. Membranous muscle between the abdominal and thoracic cavities that contracts and relaxes during the respiratory cycle.
    diaphragm
  10. Cartilaginous flap that covers the larynx during swallowing to prevent food from entering the airway.
    epiglottis
  11. Breathing out.
    exhalation
  12. Exhalation
    expiration
  13. Also nostrils.
    external nares
  14. Exchange of air between the body and the outside environment.
    external respiration
  15. Part of the larynx consisting of the vocal folds of mucous membrane and muscle.
    glottis
  16. Midsection of the lung where the nerves and vessels enter and exit.
    hilum, hilus
  17. Laryngopharynx
    hypopharynx
  18. Bottom lobe of the lung.
    inferior lobe
  19. Breathing in.
    inhalation
  20. Muscles between the ribs.
    intercostal muscles
  21. Exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide, between cells.
    internal respiration
  22. Part of the pharynx below and behind the larynx.
    laryngopharynx
  23. Organ of voice production in the respiratory tract, between the pharynx and the trachea; voice box.
    larynx
  24. One of two organs of respiration (left lung and right lung) in the thoracic cavity, where oxygenation of blood takes place.
    lung
  25. Median portion of the thoracic cavity; septum between two areas of an organ or cavity.
    mediastinum
  26. Middle section of the right lung.
    middle lobe
  27. Opening in the external nose where air enters the body.
    nasal cavity
  28. Cartilaginous division of the external nose.
    nasal septum
  29. Portion of the throat above the soft palate.
    nasopharynx
  30. External structure supported by nasal bones and containing nasal cavity.
    nose
  31. External openings at the base of the nose; also called external nares.
    nostrils
  32. Back portion of the mouth, a division of the pharynx.
    oropharynx
  33. Lymphatic tissue that works as part of the immune system.
    palatine tonsils
  34. Area of the nasal cavity where external air is warmed by blood in the mucous membrane lining.
    paranasal sinuses
  35. Outer layer of the pleura.
    parietal pleura
  36. Adenoids
    pharyngeal tonsils
  37. Passageway at back of mouth for air and food; throat.
    pharynx
  38. Double layer of membrane making up the outside of the lungs.
    pleura (pl. pleurae)
  39. Space between the two pleura.
    pleural cavity
  40. The body's system for breathing.
    respiratory system
  41. Passageways through which air moves into and out of the lungs.
    respiratory tract
  42. Cartilaginous division, as in the nose.
    septum
  43. Flexible muscular sheet that separates the nasopharynx from the rest of the pharynx.
    soft palate
  44. Topmost lobe of each lung.
    superior lobe
  45. Chest cavity.
    thorax
  46. Also pharynx
    throat
  47. Also Adam's apple
    thyroid cartilage
  48. Airways from the larynx into the bronchi; windpipe.
    trachea
  49. Inner layer of the pleura.
    visceral pleura
  50. Strips of epithelial tissue that vibrate and play a major role in the production of sound.
    vocal cords
  51. Also larynx
    voice box
  52. Also trachea
    windpipe
  53. adenoid (o)
    adenoid, gland
  54. alveol (o)
    alveolus
  55. bronch (o), bronchi (o)
    bronchus
  56. bronchiol (o)
    bronchiole
  57. capn (o)
    carbon dioxide
  58. epiglott (o)
    epiglottis
  59. laryng (o)
    larynx
  60. lob (o)
    lobe of the lung
  61. mediastin (o)
    mediastinum
  62. nas (o)
    nose
  63. or (o)
    mouth
  64. ox (o), oxi-, oxy
    oxygen
  65. pharyng(o)
    pharynx
  66. phon(o)
    voice, sound
  67. phren(o)
    diaphragm
  68. pleur(o)
    pleura
  69. pneum(o), pneumon(o)
    air, lung
  70. rhin(o)
    nose
  71. spir(o)
    breathing
  72. steth(o)
    chest
  73. thorac(o)
    thorax, chest
  74. tonsill(o)
    tonsils
  75. trache(o)
    trachea
  76. Laboratory test that measures the levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide in arterial blood.
    arterial blood gases (ABGs)
  77. Listening to internal sounds with a stethoscope.
    ausculation
  78. Retrieval of fluid for examination through a bronchoscope.
    bronchial alveolar lavage
  79. Retrieval of material for biopsy by insertion of a brush through a bronchoscope.
    bronchial brushing
  80. Radiological picture of the trachea and bronchi.
    bronchography
  81. Device used to examine airways.
    bronchoscope
  82. Tube used to view a body cavity.
    endoscope
  83. Visual examination of the mouth and larynx using an endoscope.
    laryngoscopy
  84. Visual examination of the mediastinum and all the organs within it using an endoscope.
    mediastinoscopy
  85. Examination of the nasal passages and the pharynx using an endoscope.
    nasopharyngoscopy
  86. Device for measuring breating capacity.
    peak flow meter
  87. Tapping on the surface of the body to see if lungs are clear.
    percussion
  88. Tests that measure the mechanics of breathing.
    pulmonary function tests
  89. Testing machine that measures the lung's volume and capacity.
    spirometer
  90. Culture of material that is expectorated (brought back up as mucus).
    sputum sample or culture
  91. Test for cystic fibrosis that measures the amount of salt in sweat.
    sweat test
  92. Test for streptococcal or other infections in which a swab taken on the surface of the throat is placed in a culture to see if certain bacteria grow.
    throat culture
  93. Inflammation of the adenoids.
    adenoiditis
  94. Lung disease caused by long-term inhalation of coal dust; black lung disease.
    anthracosis
  95. Cessation of breathing.
    apnea
  96. Lung disorder caused by long-term inhalation of asbestos (as in construction work).
    asbestosis
  97. Chronic condition with obstruction or narrowing of the brochial airways.
    asthma
  98. Collapse of a lung or part of a lung.
    atelectasis
  99. A type of bacteria that causes tuberulosis.
    bacilli (sing. bacillus)
  100. Also anthracosis.
    black lung
  101. Abnormally slow breathing.
    bradypnea
  102. Inflammation of the bronchi.
    bronchitis
  103. Sudden contraction in the bronchi that causes coughing.
    bronchospasm
  104. Irregular breathing pattern with a period of apnea followed by deep, labored breathing that becomes shallow, then apneic.
    Cheyne-Stokes respiration
  105. Recurring or long-lasting bouts of bronchitis.
    chronic bronchitis
  106. Disease of the bronchial tubes or lungs with chronic obstruction.
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  107. Popping sounds heard in lung collapse or other conditions; rales.
    crackles
  108. Acute respiratory syndrome in children or infants accompenied by seal-like coughing.
    croup
  109. Disease that causes chronic airways obstruction and also affects the bronchial tubes.
    cystic fibrosis
  110. Acute infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract caused by bacteria.
    diptheria
  111. Hoarseness usually caused by laryngitis.
    dysphonia
  112. Difficult breathing.
    dyspnea
  113. Chronic condition of hyperinflation of the air sacs; often caused by prolonged smoking.
    emphysema
  114. Pus in the pleural cavity.
    empyema
  115. Inflammation of the epliglottis.
    epiglottitis
  116. Bleeding from the nose, usually caused by trauma or a sudden rupture of the blood vessels of the nose.
    epistaxis
  117. Normal breathing.
    eupnea
  118. Lung or bronchial hemorrhage resulting in the spitting of blood.
    hemoptysis
  119. Blood in the pleural cavity.
    hemothorax
  120. Excessive buildup of carbon dioxide in lungs, usually associated with hypoventilation.
    hypercapnia
  121. Abnormally deep breathing.
    hyperpnea
  122. Abnormally fast breathing in and out, often associated with anxiety.
    hyperventilation
  123. Shallow breathing.
    hypopnea
  124. Abnormally low movement of air in and out of the lungs.
    hypoventilation
  125. Deficient amount of oxygen in the blood.
    hypoxemia
  126. Deficient amount of oxygen in tissue.
    hypoxia
  127. Inflammation of the larynx.
    laryngitis
  128. Sudden contration of the larynx, which may cause caughing and may restrict breathing.
    laryngospasm
  129. Rare cancer of the lungs associated with asbestosis.
    mesothelioma
  130. Also epistaxis.
    nosebleed
  131. Difficulty in breathing, especially while lying down.
    orthopnea
  132. Sudden, as a spasm or convulsion.
    paroxysmal
  133. Severe infection of the pharynx, larynx, and trachea caused by bacteria; whooping cough.
    pertussis
  134. Inflammation of the pharynx; sore throat.
    pharyngitis
  135. Escape of fluid into the pleural cavity.
    pleural effusion
  136. Inflammation of the pleura.
    pleuritis, pleurisy
  137. Lung condition caused by inhaling dust.
    pneumoconiosis
  138. Acute infection of the alveoli.
    pneumonia
  139. Inflammation of the lung.
    pneumonitis
  140. Accumulation of air or gas in the pleural cavity.
    pneumothorax
  141. Large collection of pus in the lungs.
    pulmonary abscess
  142. Fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles usually cased by failure of the heart to pump enough blood to and from lungs.
    pulmonary edema
  143. Also crackles
    rales
  144. Nasal inflammation.
    rhinitis
  145. Nasal discharge
    rhinorrhea
  146. Also wheezes.
    rhonchi
  147. Lung condition caused by silica dust from grinding rocks or glass or other materials used in manufacturing.
    silicosis
  148. Hiccuping
    singultus
  149. Inflammation of the sinuses.
    sinusitis
  150. High-pitched crowing sound heard in certain respiratory conditions.
    stridor
  151. Abnormally fast breathing.
    tachypnea
  152. Inflammation of the tonsils.
    tonsillitis
  153. Inflammation of the trachea.
    tracheitis
  154. Acute infectious disease caused by bacteria called bacilli.
    tuberculosis
  155. Infection of all or part of upper portion of respiratory tract.
    upper respiratory infection
  156. Whistling sounds heard on inspiration in certain breathing disorders, especially asthma.
    wheezes
  157. Also pertussis.
    whooping cough
  158. Removal of the adenoids.
    adenoidectomy
  159. Surgical repair of a bronchus.
    bronchoplasty
  160. Insertion of a tube through the nose or mouth, pharynx, and larynx and into the trachea to establish an airway.
    endotracheal intubation
  161. Removal of the larynx.
    laryngectomy
  162. Surgical puncture of the larynx.
    laryngocentesis
  163. Repair of the larynx.
    laryngoplasty
  164. Creation of an artificial opening in the larynx.
    laryngostomy
  165. Incision into the larynx and trachea.
    laryngotracheotomy
  166. Removal of one of the lobes of a lung.
    lobectomy
  167. Medical doctor who diagnoses and treats disorders of the ear, nose, and throat.
    otorhinolaryngologist
  168. Surgical puncture of pleural space.
    pleurocentesis
  169. Fixing in place of the pleura surgically, usually in case of injury or deterioration.
    pleuropexy
  170. Incision of the lung and bronchus.
    pneumobronchotomy
  171. Removal of a lung.
    pneumonectomy
  172. Surgical repair of the bones of the nose.
    rhinoplasty
  173. Surgical repair of the nasal septum.
    septoplasty
  174. Creation of an opening in the nasal septum.
    septostomy
  175. Incision of a sinus.
    sinusotomy
  176. Surgeon who specializes in surgery of the thorax.
    thoracic surgeon
  177. Surgical puncture of the chest cavity.
    thoracocentesis
  178. Removal of the tonsils.
    tonsillectomy
  179. Repair of the trachea.
    tracheoplasty
  180. Creation of an artificial opening in the trachea.
    tracheostomy
  181. Incision into the trachea.
    tracheotomy

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