Chapter 17

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Author:
emcadeho
ID:
206197
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Chapter 17
Updated:
2013-03-10 15:20:46
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Pharmacology
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vocabulary words and word parts
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  1. To take into.
    absorb
  2. Drug that lessens or blocks pain.
    analgesic
  3. Drug that causes temporary loss of ability to perceive sensations at a conscious level.
    anesthetic
  4. Drug that lessens or neutralizes acidity.
    antacid
  5. Drug that stops or slows bacterial growth.
    antibacterial
  6. Drug that stops or slows the growth of harmful microorganisms.
    antibiotic
  7. Drug that lowers blood sugar or increases insulin sensitivity.
    antidiabetic
  8. Substance able to cancel out unwanted effects of another substance.
    antidote
  9. Drug that stops or slows the growth of fungus.
    antifungal
  10. Drug that reduces the action of histamines; used in allergy treatments.
    antihistamine
  11. Antibiotic
    anti-infective
  12. Drug that stops the spread of tuberculosis.
    antituberbular
  13. Drug that stops or slows the spread of a virus.
    antiviral
  14. Also Trade name.
    brand name
  15. Inside the cheek.
    buccually
  16. Inadvisable to use; said especially of a drug that might cause complications when used in combination with other drugs or when used on a patient with a particular set of symptoms.
    contraindicated
  17. Biological or chemical agents that can aid or alter body functions.
    drug
  18. Pharmacist.
    druggist
  19. Having a coating (as on a capsule) that prevents stomach irritation.
    enteric-coated
  20. To seperate out or expel.
    excrete
  21. Shortened version of a chemical name; official drug name.
    generic
  22. Chemical substance in the body that forms in one organ and moves to another organ or part on which the substance has an effect; manufactured version of that chemical substance.
    hormone
  23. Administration of a fluid through an intravenous tube at a slow and steady rate.
    infusion
  24. Taking in of drugs in a fine spray of droplets.
    inhalation
  25. Injected directly into an artery.
    intra-arterial
  26. Injected directly into heart muscle.
    intracardiac
  27. Injected just beneath the outer layer of skin.
    intracutaneous
  28. Intracutaneous
    intradermal
  29. Injected deep into muscle tissue.
    intramuscular
  30. Injected directly into bone.
    intraosseus
  31. Injected directly into spinal spaces.
    intraspinal
  32. Intraspinal
    intrathecal
  33. Administered through a tube into a vein.
    intravenous
  34. Drug that serves a therapueutic purpose.
    medication, medicine
  35. To change chemically or physically so as to make useful.
    metabolize
  36. Anti-inflammatory drug that does not include steroids.
    nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)
  37. Swallowing of pills or liquids via the mouth.
    oral administration
  38. Available for sale without a doctor's prescription.
    over-the-counter (OTC)
  39. Administration of a drug by injection.
    parenteral administration
  40. Person licensed to dispense medications.
    pharmacist
  41. Study of how drugs affect the body.
    pharmacodynamics
  42. Study of how the body absorbs, metabolizes, and excretes the drugs.
    pharmacokinetics
  43. Science that studies, develops, and tests new drugs.
    pharmacology
  44. Order given by a doctor for medication dosage, route, and timing of administration.
    prescription
  45. Trade name.
    proprietary name
  46. Injected into the fatty layer of tissue beneath the outer layer of skin.
    subcutaneous
  47. Under the tongue.
    sublingually
  48. Drug mixed with a semisolid melting substance meant for administration by insertion into the vagina, rectum, or urethra.
    suppository
  49. Instrument used for injection or withdrawal of fluids.
    syringe
  50. On the surface of the skin.
    topically
  51. Study of harmful effects of drugs.
    toxicology
  52. Name copyrighted by the manufacturer for a particular version of a drug.
    trade name
  53. A small receptacle for holding liquid or pill medications.
    vial
  54. Organic substance found in food.
    vitamin
  55. chem(o)
    chemical
  56. pyret(o)
    fever
  57. tox(o), toxi, toxico
    poison

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