opthalmology

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Author:
pszurnicki
ID:
206225
Filename:
opthalmology
Updated:
2013-03-10 18:45:13
Tags:
opthalmology
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Description:
opthalmology
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  1. diabetic retinopathy can be of two type?
    • proliferative
    • non proliferative
  2. how do you stop background retinopathy from going to proliferative retinopathy?
    photo coagulation
  3. rx of proliferative retinopathy?
    • photo coagulation
    • vegf inhibitors
  4. most common cause of blindness?
    age related macular degeneration
  5. best initial therapy for background or nonproliferative retinopathy?
    control glucose
  6. rx for retinal detachment?
    • tilt back head
    • surgery reattachment
  7. causes of retinal detachment?
    • trauma
    • myopia
    • cataract
    • diabetic retinopathy
  8. rx for proliferative retinopathy in diabetes and wet macular degeneration?
    VEGF inhibitors
  9. 3 painless losses of vision?
    • retinal detachment
    • retinal artery occlusion
    • retinal vein occlusion
  10. rx for dry/atrophic macular degeneration?
    rx for wet macular degeneration?
    • none
    • vegf inhibitors
  11. what decreases the production of acquous humor?
    prostoglandin
  12. rx for acute angle closure glaucoma?
    • acetazolamide
    • mannitol
    • pilocarpine
    • iridotomy
  13. 4 ways of treating glaucoma?
    • bb
    • muscarinic agonist
    • carbonic anhydrase inhibitor
    • prosaglandins
  14. glaumcoma is confirmed with what test?
    tonometry
  15. dx for conjunctivits?
    uveitis
    glaucoma
    abrasian?
    • clinical
    • slit lamp exam
    • tonometry
    • flourescin stain
  16. what precipitates acute angle closure glaucoma?
    pupil dilation
  17. rx for herpes keratitis?
    • acyclovir
    • trifluride
    • idoxuridine
  18. rx of herpes keratitis with what makes it worse?
    steroids
  19. dx of cataracts?
    rx
    • opthalmoscope or slit lamp exam
    • surgical replacemen
  20. rx for conjuctivitis, uveitis, glaucoma, abrasiaon?
    • topical antibitocs
    • steroids
    • acetazolimide, pilocarpine, mannitol
    • none
  21. rx of retinal artery occulision?
    • 100 oxygen
    • tpa
    • acetazolamide
  22. what is the normal cup to disc ratio?
    30%
  23. when is mannitol used for glalucoma?
    for acute angle closure glaucoma
  24. cause of cataraxts?
    • trauma
    • light
    • aging
  25. differences between viral and bacterial conjunctivits?
    • viral--bilateral
    • bacterial--unilateral
  26. bacterial or viral gives purulent discharge?
    bacterial
  27. rx for viral conjunctivit?
    bacterial?
    • no rx
    • any topical aminoglycoside, sulfa
  28. cause of subconjunctivital hemorrhages?
    • low platelets
    • trauma
  29. rx for subconjunctivital hemoorhage?
    wait it out
  30. flourescin stain is useful for what two eye pathologies?
    • keratitis
    • abrasian
    • allows for visualization of cornea
  31. flourescin staning shows what type of staining for keratitis?
    dendritic pattern
  32. acyclovir resistant herpes?
    foscarnet
  33. uveitis is secondary to what?
    • autoimmune dz
    • sarcoid
    • crohn
    • syphilis

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