Personal Fitness Final Exam

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SolarPrizm
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20623
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Personal Fitness Final Exam
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2010-05-24 22:08:00
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The Personal Fitness Final Exam
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  1. True or False:
    Heart disease is also known as cardiovascular disease.
    True
  2. True or False:
    Sprinting is an aerobic activity.
    False
  3. True or False:
    Heart disease is the #1 killer of women in the U.S.
    True
  4. True or False:
    Anaerobic activities are high intensity and long in duration.
    False
  5. True or False:
    High blood pressure, high cholesterol, and smoking are all risk factors for heart disease.
    True
  6. True or False:
    FIT principle is frequency, intensity, and time.
    True
  7. True or False:
    250-age= maximum heart rate.
    False
  8. True or False:
    You should be physically active everyday of the week.
    True
  9. True or False:
    You shouuld engage in vigorous excercise everyday of the week.
    False
  10. True or False:
    Bulimia is an eating disorder in which someone binges and purges.
    True
  11. True or False:
    Arteries carry deoxygenated blood back to the heart.
    False
  12. True or False:
    Capillaries are the smallest blood vessels in the body.
    True
  13. True or False:
    Cholesterol is a blood fat.
    True
  14. True or False:
    The cool down phase of exercise is not as important as the warm-up.
    False
  15. True or False:
    A stroke occurs when there is a blockage of a vessel that feeds the brain.
    True
  16. True or False:
    A heart attack occurs when there is a blockage of a vessel that feeds the heart.
    True
  17. True or False:
    High blood pressure is also known as hypertension.
    True
  18. True or False:
    The talk test is a measure of how hard you feel you are working during exercise.
    True
  19. True or False:
    You should engage in vigorous exercise for 40-90 minutes daily.
    False
  20. True or False:
    Aerobic activities are long in duration, lower in intensity, and require a lot of oxygen.
    True
  21. True or False:
    Jogging, swimming, walking, and biking are examples of aerobic activities.
    True
  22. True or False:
    Sprinting and weight training are anaerobic activities.
    True
  23. True or False:
    Besides dieting, the best way to lose weight is through aerobic exercises.
    True
  24. True or False:
    You should engaage in vigorous exercise 3 to 5 days per week.
    True
  25. True or False:
    Intensity of exercise is how hard you are working out.
    True
  26. True or False:
    Frequency of exercise is how often you work out.
    True
  27. True or False:
    The warm up process is not necessary before beginning vigorous exercise.
    False
  28. True or False:
    If heart disease runs in the family, you are at a higher risk of getting it.
    True
  29. True or False:
    Symptoms of a heat stroke include heavy sweating and nausea.
    False
  30. True or False:
    On average, people who are physically fit do better in the classroom.
    True
  31. True or False:
    Heart rate refers to how many times your heart beats per minute.
    True
  32. True or False:
    As soon as you get out of bed you should start stretching.
    False
  33. True or False:
    In order for you to improve you rlevel of fitness, you must do more than your body is used to. This is known as the overload principle.
    True
  34. True or False:
    You should eat at least six times a day.
    True
  35. Obesity, diabetes, smoking, physical inactivity, and poor diet are all risk factors for heart disease.
    True
  36. 75% of all deaths each year in the U.S. are caused by some form of cardiovascular disease.
    True
  37. Which one is not modifiable?
    a. Inactivity
    b. Age
    c. Obesity
    Age
  38. Which one is not modifiable?
    a. Gender
    b. High blood pressure
    c. stress
    Gender
  39. Which one is not modifiable?
    a. Heredity
    b. Smoking
    c. High cholesterol
    Heredity
  40. Define:
    frequency
    how often you exercise
  41. Define:
    sedentary lifestyle
    inactive or couch potato
  42. Define:
    stroke
    blockage of a vessel that feeds the brain
  43. Define:
    distress
    bad stress
  44. Define:
    hypertension
    high blood pressure
  45. Define:
    cholesterol
    a blod fat
  46. Define:
    obesity
    excessive body fat
  47. Define:
    health
    includes physical, mental, emotional aspects
  48. Define:
    life expectancy
    how long you are expected to live
  49. Define:
    longevity
    how long you actually live
  50. Define:
    heart attack
    blockage of a blood vessel feeding the heart
  51. Define:
    cardiovascular disease
    heart and blood vessel disease
  52. Define:
    saturated fats
    found in animal fats
  53. Define:
    amino acid
    chemical substances that make up a protein
  54. Define:
    cholesterol
    a waxy, fat-like substance found in animal tissue
  55. Define:
    basil metabolism
    energy required to maintain the body at rest
  56. Define:
    antioxidants
    special vitamins that protect from cell damage
  57. Define:
    unsaturated fats
    fats found in plant sources
  58. Define:
    HDL
    good cholesterol
  59. Define:
    proteins
    responsible for growth and repair of body tissues
  60. Define:
    carbohydrates
    body's primary source of energy
  61. Define:
    LDL
    bad cholesterol
  62. Define:
    stress
    nonspecific response of the body to demands made upon it
  63. Define:
    stressor
    situations that cause stress
  64. Define:
    fight or flight response
    natural protective technique of your body
  65. Define:
    eustress
    positive stress
  66. Define:
    adrenaline
    chemical that gives you energy to perform in an emergency
  67. Define:
    distress
    negative stress
  68. Define:
    homeostasis
    internal balance
  69. Define:
    mesomorph
    muscular body type
  70. Define:
    lean body mass
    made of muscle tissue, bones, ligaments, tendons
  71. Define:
    obese
    excessive amount of body fat
  72. Define:
    endomorph
    rounder, heavier body type
  73. Define:
    overweight
    exceeds desirable body weight by 10%
  74. Define:
    body composition
    ratio of fat to muscle, bone, and other tissues
  75. Define:
    ectomorph
    lean, slender body type
  76. Define:
    body mass index (BMI)
    appropriateness of weight relative to height
  77. Diets high in saturated fats can cause __________ levels to become high, thus clogging arteries.
    a. Cholesterol
    b. Insulin
    c. Heart
    d. Stress
    Cholesterol
  78. Which of the following is the most modifiable primmary cardiovascular risk factor thay will have the greatest impact on an individuals well being?
    a. alcohol use
    b. gender
    c. inactivity
    d. stop smoking
    inactivity
  79. The ability of a muscle to exert a force one time is called
    a. muscular endurance
    b. muscular strength
    c. power
    d. reaction time
    muscular strength
  80. Which can be used to assess cardiovascular fitness?
    a. 200-meter dash
    b. 1 mile run
    c. 12 minute run
    d. Both the mile and 12 minute run
    Both the mile and the 12 minute run.
  81. The ability to move body joints through full range of motion is known as
    a. exercise
    b. flexibility
    c. stretching
    d. none here
    flexibility
  82. Post-exercise pain and stiffness caused by muscle spasms can be prevented or reduced by
    a. cool down exercises
    b. stretching exercises
    c. warm-up exercises
    d. weight training exercises
    cool down exercises
  83. Exercising to improve cardiovascular fitness will
    a. allow you to exercise longer
    b. increase your energy level
    c. make you feel good
    d. all shown
    all shown
  84. When you increase the pace of your run, you are increasing
    a. frequency
    b. intensity
    c. time
    d. not here
    intensity
  85. Which of the following is an example of anaerobic exercises?
    a. 100 yard dash
    b. bicycling
    c. raquetball
    d. soccer
    100 yard dash
  86. What is a high source of cholesterol?
    a. bread-cereal group
    b. fruit group
    c. meat-poultry-fish-bean group
    d. milk - cheese group
    milk - cheese group

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