Medterms 8b (Musculoskeletal System)

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atjaeger
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206244
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Medterms 8b (Musculoskeletal System)
Updated:
2013-03-10 18:24:37
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musculoskeletal
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musculoskeletal
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  1. pertaining to chest
    thoracic
  2. pertaining to muscle fascia (band)
    myofascial
  3. condition or process of joint disease
    arthropathy
  4. breakdown/dissolution of vertebra
    spondylolysis
  5. abnormal reduction of bone
    osteopenia
  6. condition of without cartilage formation, may cause dwarfism
    achondroplasia
  7. bone pain (osteodynia)
    ostealgia
  8. inflammation of many muscles
    polymyositis
  9. tumor of smooth muscle flesh
    leiomyosacroma
  10. bone marrow or spinal cord cell
    myelocyte
  11. pertaining to rib and vertebra
    costovertebral
  12. pertaining to muscle and tendon
    musculotendinous
  13. use of orthopedic appliance to maintain bone's position or provide limb support
    orthosis
  14. surgical repair or reconstruction of humpback
    kyphoplasty
  15. excision/removal of skull
    craniectomy
  16. binding of joint
    arthrodesis
  17. pain of muscle fiber
    fibromyalgia
  18. tumor of rod-shaped or striated (skeletal) muscle
    rhabdomyoma
  19. pertaining to sternum (breastbone) and rib
    sternocostal
  20. pertaining to within a joint
    intra-articular
  21. condition of digits (toes or fingers) fused together
    syndactylism
  22. loin (lower back) pain
    lumbodynia
  23. pertaining to neck and arm
    cervicobrachial
  24. process of examining joint
    arthroscopy
  25. condition or increase of bent (lower back) (abnormal curvature of lumbar spine -- sway-back condition)
    lordosis
  26. pertaining to between ribs
    intercostal
  27. joint pain
    arthralgia
  28. incision in muscle
    myotomy
  29. binding together of vertebrae (surgical term for spinal fusion)
    spondylosyndesis
  30. tumor of smooth muscle
    leiomyoma
  31. softening of bone
    osteomalacia
  32. slipping of vertebra
    spondylolisthesis
  33. x-ray of joint
    arthrogram or arthrograph
  34. incision into bone
    osteotomy
  35. inflammation of long ends of long bones
    epiphysitis
  36. pertaining to neck
    cervical
  37. dead bone tissue
    bony necrosis
  38. tumor of cartilage
    chondroma
  39. puncture of joint for aspiration
    arthrocentesis
  40. repair or reconstruction of bone
    osteoplasty
  41. cartilage
    chondr/o
  42. vertebra
    spondyl/o
  43. bone marrow
    myel/o
  44. neck
    cervic/o
  45. joint
    arthr/o
  46. chest
    thorac/o
  47. muscle
    my/o
  48. rib
    cost/o
  49. lateral curvature of spine (S-shaped curve)
    scoliosis
  50. tumor of bone
    osteoma
  51. grating sound made by movement of broken bones
    crepitation or crepitus
  52. synonym for bony necrosis (dead bone tissue from loss of blood supply, as can occur after fracture)
    sequestrum
  53. plane that divides body into right and left portions
    sagittal
  54. application of pulling force to fractured/dislocated joint to maintain proper position during healing
    traction
  55. arthritis caused by hyperuricemia
    gout or gouty arthritis
  56. toward beginning of structure
    proximal
  57. osteomalacia in children
    rickets
  58. physician specializing in x-ray technology
    radiologist
  59. shrinking of muscle size
    atrophy
  60. rhythmic muscle movement
    tremor
  61. involuntary muscle contraction
    spasm
  62. stiff muscle
    rigidity
  63. uncontrolled, stiff awkward muscle contractions
    spastic
  64. increase in muscle size
    hypertrophy
  65. flabby muscle
    flaccid
  66. prolonged, continuous muscle contraction
    tetany
  67. procedure for using arthroscope to examine, diagnose and repair joint from within
    arthroscopy
  68. malignant skeletal muscle tumor
    rhabdomyosarcoma
  69. most common form of arthritis that affects weight-bearing joints, marked by erosion of articular cartilage
    osteoarthritis
  70. most crippling form of arthritis, marked by chronic, systemic inflammation affecting joints and synovial membranes causing ankylosis and deformity
    rheumatoid arthritis
  71. condition of decreased bone density and increased bone porosity, causing bones to become brittle and liable to fracture
    osteoporosis
  72. artificial replacement for diseased or missing body part
    prosthesis
  73. external manipulation or fracture to regain alignment along with application of external device to protect and hold bone in place while healing
    closed reduction, external fixation of a fx
  74. internal surgical repair of fracture by bringing bones back into alignment and fixing into place, often using plates, screws and pins
    open reduction, internal fixation of a fx
  75. stiff joint condition
    ankylosis
  76. stiff, immobile condition of vertebrae due to joint degeneration
    spondylosis
  77. abnormal posterior curvature of thoracic spine (humpback condition)
    kyphosis
  78. normal standing
    erect
  79. horizontal recumbent ("on the spine")
    supine
  80. lying down, especially in bed
    decubitus
  81. face down and flat
    prone
  82. CT
    computed tomography
  83. PT
    physical therapy
  84. Tx
    traction
  85. ROM
    range of motion
  86. Fx
    fracture
  87. EMG
    electromyogram
  88. joint pain (arthralgia)
    arthrodynia
  89. pertaining to cartilage
    chondral
  90. bending of foot or toes upward
    dorsiflexion
  91. shorter and thicker of two forearm bones
    radius (radial)
  92. any of several disorders in which muscles weaken and atrophy
    dystrophy (dystrophic)
  93. death of cells or tissue through injury or disease
    necrosis (necrotic)
  94. larger of two forearm bones
    ulna (ulnar)

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