gestalt laws of perceptual organization
1. law of simplicity/good figure/pragnanz: stimulus is perceived in such a way that the resulting figure is as simple as possible
2. law of similarity: similar things appear to be grouped together
3. law of good continuation: point that results in smoothly curving lines are seem as belonging together and the lines appear to curve in such a way that they follow the smoothest curving path.
4. law of proximity/nearness: things that are nearer appear to be grouped together
5.law of common fate: things that are moving in the same direction appear to be grouped together.
6. law of meaningfulness/familiarity: things that appear meaningful are grouped together
7. Law of common region: things that are within the same region appear to be grouped together
8. Law of uniform connectedness: elements that are connected by properties such as lightness, color, texture, are grouped together.
9. Law of synchrony: visual events that happen at the same time will be perceived as belonging together