Art Exam #2

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AshCopper
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206305
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Art Exam #2
Updated:
2013-03-11 18:39:17
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Art Appreciation
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Vocabulary Words
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  1. An immediate and accessible way to communicate through imagery
    Draw (or Sketch)
  2. A particular material, along with its accompanying technique
    Medium (plural: Media)
  3. A visual diary and place to develop and maintain drawing skills and to note whatever catches the eye or imagination
    Sketchbook 
  4. A full-sized drawing made as a guide for a large work in another medium
    Cartoon 
  5. Parallel lines to suggest shadows or volumes
    Hatching 
  6. Drawing one set of hatchings over another in different directions so that the lines cross, suggesting shadows or darker areas
    Cross-Hatching 
  7. A set of parallel curved lines that suggest a volume in space
    Contour Hatching 
  8. Pencil, charcoal, conte crayon, and pastel
    Dry Media 
  9. Can very from soft & dark to hard & light. Softer ones give darker lines and harder ones give lighter lines
    Pencil 
  10. A dry drawing medium made from charred twigs, usually vine or willow
    Charcoal 
  11. Semi-hard chalk with a little oil in the binder that makes it adhere well to smooth paper. It can produce a variety of smudge resistant lines and includes clay and small amounts of wax
    Conte Crayon
  12. Sticks of powdered pigment held together with just a little of a gum binding agent; pale colors tints
    Pastels
  13. Degree of roughness present in drawing papers; the presence of this gives texture to a drawing
    Tooth
  14. A thin varnish used to spray over charcoal to keep it from smudging & falling off
    Fixative 
  15. Black & Brown Inks are the most common
    Liquid Media 
  16. A thin, transparent layer of paint or ink
    Wash 
  17. A sequential art form based on drawing
    Comic/Graphic Novels 
  18. Coloring agent; provides color, usually in the form of a powder
    Pigment
  19. Sticky substance that holds the pigment particles together and attaches them to the surface
    Binder 
  20. Liquid emulsion that is used as a carrier or spreading agent
    Vehicle
  21. Structure to hold painting surface
    Support
  22. Prepared surface; the sizing plus the primer; constitutes the surface preparation that artists generally do
    Ground 
  23. Paint that uses water-soluble gum as the binder and water as the vehicle; best results come from using an absorbent support
    Watercolor 
  24. Pigment is mixed with water and some type of gum (often egg yolk); requires rigid support and a ground of chalk & glue, which is called gesso
    Tempera
  25. Ancient technique that involves mixing pigment with a wax binder (also serves as a vehicle)
    Encaustic
  26. Pigment mixed with vegetable oil, often linseed; vehicle: oil; takes a long time to dry, colors blend very well
    Oil paint 
  27. Thin, transparent or semi-transparent layers of diluted oils; often applied to give areas of work luminous quality
    Glaze
  28. Thick application of paint
    Impasto 
  29. A plastic resin mixed with water; maintains a high degree of intensity & rarely darken with age
    Acrylic 
  30. Small-scale paint sprayer capable of projecting a fine, controlled mist of paint
    Airbrush 
  31. Pigment is added to water & then applied to a lime- plaster surface; if the plaster surface it is applied to is wet, it is called ..
    Buon Fresco
  32. Pigment is added to water & then applied to a lime- plaster surface; if the plaster surface it is applied to is dry, it is called ..
    Fresco Secco (fig. 2.24)
  33. Any one of multiple expressions made from a single master image, or matrix
    Print 
  34. A dull finish or surface, especially in painting, photography, and ceramics
    Matte 
  35. The block of metal, wood, stone, or other material that an artist works to create a print
    Matrix 
  36. Refers to the total number of prints authorized by the author
    Edition 
  37. When a satisfactory stage is reached, the artist makes a few prints for his or her record and personal use
    Proofs
  38. Any printmaking process in which the image to be printed is raised off the background in reverse
    Relief
  39. Type of relief print made from a relatively soft wood
    Woodcut 
  40. When individually inked blocks (one of each color) are carefully linked up to ensure that colors will be exactly placed in the final print
    Registration 
  41. A method of relief printing in wood. in comparison to woodcut, this is made with denser wood, cutting into the end of the grain rather than into the side
    Wood Engraving 
  42. A relief process in printmaking, in which an artist cuts away negative spaces from a block of linoleum, leaving raised areas to take ink for printing
    Linocut 
  43. Areas below the surface hold the ink
    Intaglio 
  44. Pushes burin (metal rod) across a metal plate, forcing the metal up in silvers in front of the line
    Engraving
  45. Engraving tool
    Burin 
  46. A metal plate is coated with a ground & then drawn through to expose the metal
    Etching 
  47. Etching process used to obtain grey areas in black and white or color prints
    Aquatint 
  48. Pulls a metal needle across a metal plate pushing up rough burns on each side
    Drypoint 
  49. A surface or planograhic printing process based on the idea that oil & water do not mix
    Lithography 
  50. Printmaking technique in which stencils are applied to fabric stretched across a frame
    Screenprinting/Silkscreen/Serigraphy 
  51. A dark room (or box) with a small hole in one side, through which an inverted image of the view outside is projected onto the opposite wall, screen, or mirror
    Camera Obscura 
  52. An early photographic process developed by Louis Daguerre in the 1830's, which required a treated metal plate. This plate was exposed to light, and the chemical reactions on the plate created the first satisfactory photographs
    Daguerreotype
  53. Process developed in the mid 1850's, in which a prepared glass plate was exposed for several minutes; although the plate needed to be developed somewhat quickly, it could then serve as a clear negative from which many photos could be printed, see figure 7.4
    Wet-Plate Collodion 
  54. The process of working with words and pictures to enhance visual communication
    Graphic Design 
  55. An identifying mark, or trademark, based on letterforms combined with pictorial elements
    Logo 
  56. The art and technique of composing printed material from letterforms
    Typography
  57. The name given to a style of type.
    Typefaces or Fonts
  58. Short lines with pointed ends, at an angleto the main strokes
    Serif 
  59. Have a modern look due to their association with modernist designs
    Sans Serif 
  60. Meant to be seen from all sides; the viewer must move around to experience all facets of the work
    In-the-Round or Freestanding 
  61. Projects only slightly from the surrounding surface; shadows are minimal
    Low-Relief or Bas-Relief 
  62. Sculpture projects forward from the surface
    High Relief 
  63. Material is built up or combined to create the form
    Additive Process
  64. One of the traditional methods of fabricating sculpture; is an additive process
    Modeling 
  65. The use of one substance in place of another
    Substitution Process 
  66. Process of making sculpture by pouring a liquid material into a mold bearing the sculpture's impression
    Casting 
  67. A cavity created out of plaster, clay, metal, or plastic for use in casting
    Mold 
  68. A figure is molded in wax & encased in clay or plaster, when the clay is fired to make a mold, the wax melts away, leaving a void that can be filled with molten or some other self-hardening liquid to produce a cast
    Lost Wax 
  69. Unwanted material is removed to create the form
    Subtractive Process 
  70. A sculpture is formed by removing material from a block or mass of wood, stone, or other material, with the use of sharpened tools
    Carving 
  71. When industrial material is put together to create the form
    Constructions
  72. When "found" material is put together to create a form
    Assemblage 
  73. Sculpture that moves
    Kinetic
  74. A variety of media in a single work
    Mixed Media
  75. An art medium in which the artist arranges objects or artworks in a room, thinking of the entire space as the medium  to be manipulated
    Installations 
  76. Any work made for a certain place, which cannot be separated or exhibited apart from its intended environment
    Site-Specific 
  77. The art & science of making objects from cclay
    Ceramics 
  78. A dedicated high-temperature oven
    Kiln 
  79. Baking clay in a kiln to solidify it
    Firing
  80. A type of clay used for ceramics;  fired at 1100-1150 degrees Celcius
    Earthenware 
  81. A type of clay used for ceramics; fired at 1200-1300 degrees Celcius
    Stoneware
  82. A type of clay used for ceramics; it is white or grayish and fires at 1350-1500 degees Celcius
    Porcelain 
  83. The process of forming clay objects on a potter's wheel
    Throwing 
  84. Hand-building method in which the clay is formed into sheets before being shaped into a form; figure 11.4
    Slab Construction 
  85. Hand-building method in which the clay is rolled into long rope-like strands connected to build a form; figure 19.25
    Coiling 
  86. A mixture of clay and water about the consistency of cream, sometimes colored with earthen powders
    Slip 
  87. A liquid paint with a silica base, especially formulated for clay
    Glaze 
  88. A device that holds warp fibers in place and may pull them apart for weaving
    Loom 
  89. The threads that run lengthwise in a fabric, crossed at right angles by the weft
    Warp 
  90. The horizontal threads interlaced through the warp
    Weft 
  91. Based on the interlacing of fibers
    Weaving 
  92. When such massing is done with a consistent pattern
    Dry Masonry 
  93. A structural system that uses two or more uprights or posts to support a horizontal beam (or lintel) that spans the space between them
    Post-and-Beam or Post-and-Lintel 
  94. A row of columns usually spanned or connected by beams (lintels)
    Colonnade 
  95. A series of such arches supported by columns forms an ..
    Arcade 
  96. an arch  rotated 180 degrees on its vertical axis creates a ..
    Dome 
  97. Curving triangular sections
    Pendentives 
  98. Vaults based on this made it possible to build wider aisles and higher ceilings
    Pointed Arch 
  99. Changes in value/tone can be used to suggest the way light reveals form and makes 2D work look 3D
    Chiaroscuro 
  100. Opaque watercolor; the vehicle includes small amounts of fine chalk powder
    Gouache

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