EMT 2/8

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EMT 2/8
2013-03-11 12:40:32
EMT Mod chap

EMT Mod 2 chap 8
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  1. airway
    the passageway by which air enters or leaves the body. The structures of the airway are the nose, mouth, pharynx. larynx. trachea, bronchi, and lungs
  2. bronchoconstriction
    the contraction of smooth muscle that lines the bronchial passages that results in a decreased internal diameter of the airway and increased resistance to air flow
  3. gag reflex
    vomiting or retching that results when something is placed in the back of the pharynx. This is tied to the swallow reflex
  4. head-tilt, chin-lift maneuvera
    means of correcting blockage of the airway by the tongue by tilting the head back and lifting the chin. Used when no trauma, or injury, is suspected
  5. jaw-thrust maneuver
    means of correcting blockage of the airway by moving the jaw forward without tilting the head or neck. used when trauma, or injury, is suspected to open the airway without causing further injury to the spinal cord in the neck
  6. nasopharyngeal airwaya
    flexible breathing tube inserted through the patient's nostril into the pharynx to help maintain an open airway
  7. oropharyngeal airway
    a curved device inserted through the patient's mouth into the pharynx to help maintain an open airway
  8. patent airway
    an airway (passage from nose or mouth to lungs) that is open and clear and will remain open and clear, without interference to the passage of air into the out of the body
  9. stridor
    a high pitched sound generated from partially obstructed air flow in the upper airway
  10. suctioning
    use of a vacuum device to remove blood, vomitus, and other secretions or foreign materials from the airway