French u4 grammaire

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Author:
trincam2008
ID:
206447
Filename:
French u4 grammaire
Updated:
2013-03-11 16:02:54
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french u4 grammar
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Verbs: imperative form, prepositions of location, le/la/l', ce/cet/cette/ces, adj, du/de la/de l'/des
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  1. Verbs: imperative form
    e.g Turn right. Take 2nd turn on the left.
    Take the road Dauphine.
    Continue straight. 
    - When giving instructions or telling so to do sth

    • - Generally constructed like the present indicative wthout pronoun vous. Informal style - tu left out
    • e.g Tournez à droit. Prenez la deuxième à gauche. 
    • Prends la Rue Dauphine. 
    • Continue tout droit (Notes: with -er verbs the final -s is dropped)

    • - Because the imp. form is very direct, the vous/tu is generally preferred, esp. when giving instructions
    • e.g Vous tournez à droite. Tu prends la Rue Basse. 
  2. Prepositions of location
    e.g
    - opposite to the bank
    - the baker's is behind the parking lot
    - the bank is close to the bar with a tobacco counter
    - there is a telephone close to the toilet
    - when describing where sth is in relation to sth else, you need to use a preposition

    - some preps of locations are constructed with de (e.g. en face de la banque), others not (e.g. le boulangerie est derrière le parking)

    • - de + le/les -> du/des
    • e.g. la banque est près du bar-tabac
    • Il y a un téléphone près des toilettes.
  3. use of direct object pronouns le/la/l'/les to avoid repitition of the object in a sentence.
    e.g. Vous prenez la jupe bleue?
    • - m. -> le/l'
    • - f. -> la/l'
    • - plural -> les
    • these pronouns come before the verb

    e.g Oui, je la prenez. 
  4. demonstrative adj. ce/cet/cette ('this' or 'that') and ces ('these' or 'those) 
    e.g  that coat in the shop
    I take this skirt, this rain coat, this jumper and these shirts.
    • when referring to an object or a person by pointing at them
    • m. -> ce and cet (+vowel)
    • f. -> cette
    • plural -> ces
    • e.g. ce manteau, dans le magasin
    • Je prends cette jupe, cet imperméable, ce pull et ces chemises. 
  5. Adjectives
    - where
    - agree with?
    - m. & f. & plural n.
    e.g. the grey shirt, the grey shirts, the green jacket, the white jumper, the white jacket, the red jumper, the red jacket, the blue skirts
    • are usually placed directly after the noun and agree in gender (e.g. la chemise grise) and number (e.g. les chemise grises)
    • with masculine noun, the adj does not change; with a feminine noun, and -e is added to the ending (e.g la veste verte) some exceptions (e.g. le pull blanc, la veste blanche)
    • adj. which already end with an -e do not change with a fem noun (e.g le pull rouge, la veste rouge)
    • plural noun, an -s is added to the ending e.g. les jupes bleues, unless adj already ends in -s
  6. du/de la/de l'/des
    e.g. + bread, milk, water, fruits
    • used to refer to an unspecified quantity
    • e.g
    • du pain (m.)
    • de la crème (f.)
    • de l'eau (starting with a vowel)
    • des fruits (pl.)
  7. How much is it?
    • C'est combien?
    • It coûte combien?
  8. Directions
    e.g
    a) It's on the/your left/right (3 ways)
    b) Take the road Nationale, then 2nd on the left.
    c) Is it near/far from here?
    No, it's 200m / 5 min.
    • a) C'est [à / sur la / sure votre] gauche/droite.
    • b) Prenez la rue Nationale, puis la deuxième à gauche. 
    • c) C'est près/loin d'ici?
    • Non, c'est à 200m / 5 min. 
  9. Directions (cont)
    d) So, you take the 1st road on the right, and there it is, on your right.
    e) Go straight and take the 2nd (road) on the left. It's on the right.
    f) There it is, straight, on the left after the traffic lights.
    • d) Alors, vous prenez la première rue à droite, et c'est là, à droite. 
    • e) Allez tout droit et prenez la deuxième à gauche. C'est à droite.
    • f) C'est là, tout droit, à gauche après les faux.
  10. conjugate aller
    • Je vais
    • Tu vas
    • Il/Elle va
    • Nous allons
    • Vous allez
    • Ils/Elles vont

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