A&P final review

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  1. Hormone glucagon is produced by:
    alpha cells
  2. A permanent set of teeth normally consists of        teeth.
  3. Polysaccharides are hydrolyzed to disaccharides by enzymes known as:
  4. A group of symptoms called Down syndrome results from:
    trisomy 21
  5. Standard atmospheric pressure is:
    760 mm Hg
  6. When the pressure in the lung is greater than atmospheric pressure:
    expiration occurs
  7. The normal pH range for blood is:
    7.36 to 7.41
  8. The two factors that determine urine volume is:
    the glomerular filtration rate & the rate of water reabsorption by the renal tubules.
  9. The structures that deflect air as it passes through the nose are called:
  10. Reabsorption, as performed in the kidney, may be defined as the:
    movement of molecules out of the tubule and into the peritubular blood.
  11. The preferred energy fuel of the body is:
  12. Which of the following structures controls the opening of the stomach into the small intestine?
    Pyloric sphincter
  13. The smallest branches of the bronchial tree are:
  14. Identical twins result from:
    • A. The splitting of embryonic tissue from the same zygote.
    • B. The inner cell mass dividing into 2 masses during blastocyst stage.
  15. The most common lipids in the diet are:
  16. Which of the following is not true of ATP? It:
    cannot be recycled after it is broken down
  17. The entire collection of genetic material in each typical cell of the human body is called:
  18. The hormone that raises blood sugar level by causing shift to fat catabolism is:
    • A. ACTH
    • B. growth hormone
  19. Which of the following is true about the main organs of the digestive system?
    They form a tube through the body called the alimentary canal
  20. Phenylketouria (PKU), caused by recessive genes in chromosome pair 12, is a condition characterized by:
    Failure to produce an enzyme needed to generate amino acid tyrosine.
  21. The regulation of acid-base balance in the body fluids refers to the control of:
    hydrogen ion concentration
  22. Mitochondria DNA (mDNA):
    has the potential for carrying mutations that produce disease.
  23. The function of surfactant is to:
    prevent each alveolus from collapsing as air moves in and out during respiration.
  24. Edema is defined as abnormally large amounts of fluid in the:
    intercellular spaces
  25. Prolonged hyperventilation may:
    increase blood pH
  26. If a creature had 36 chromosomes in its normal body cells, its gametes would contain:
    18 chromosomes
  27. Which of the following materials is important in bone formation, blood clotting, and nerve function?
  28. Catabolism of fatty acids, without any other food product availability, causes the production of:
    ketone bodies
  29. Hydrochloric acid is released from cells in the:
  30. Which of the following minerals is important in the production of ATP, RNA, and DNA?
  31. The calyces of the kidney join together to form a large collection reservoir called the:
    renal pelvis
  32. The total number of lobes in both lungs is:
  33. After leaving the stomach, food (chyme) enters the:
    small intestine
  34. The upper respiratory tract includes all of the following structures except the:
  35. Urine is conducted from the kidney to the urinary bladder through a tube called the:
  36. The vital capacity is equal to the sum of the:
    inspiratory reserve volume, tidal volume, and expiratory reserve volume
  37. If "A" stands for dominant gene that prevents albinism and "a" stands for the recessive albinism trait, then an individual with the genotype of "aa" will express:
    albinism and will be carrier
  38. Surgical removal of the gallbladder is referred to as:
  39. Which of the following is the true of energy released by the breakdown of food substances?
    It is used to synthesize ATP
  40. The major form by which carbon dioxide is transported in the circulatory system is:
    as bicarbonate ions
  41. An example of a physiological buffer system (with a delayed response time) would be the:
    respiratory response system
  42. Bile is secreted by:
    hepatic cells
  43. The proper anatomical order for the divisions of the colon is:
    ascending, transverse, descending, and sigmoid
  44. The Eustachian tube connects the middle ear with the:
  45. Potassium-rich foods can be used to treat:
  46. What produces the hormone gastrin?
  47. Cells in the               store iron and vitamins A, B12, and D
  48. The                 secretes intrinsic factor.
  49. The                concentrates bile fivefold to tenfold.
  50. Has acinar units that secretes digestive enzymes
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A&P final review

Review for final
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