PSYCH 136

Card Set Information

Author:
seanna24
ID:
206513
Filename:
PSYCH 136
Updated:
2013-03-11 18:33:34
Tags:
Chapter Six
Folders:

Description:
Schedules of Reinforcement
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user seanna24 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Chain Schedule
    A complex reinforcement schedule that consists of a series of simple schedules, each of which is associated with a particular stimulus, with reinforcement delivered only on completion of the last schedule in the series.
  2. Concurrent Schedule
    A complex reinforcement schedule in which two or more simple schedules are available at the same time.
  3. Continuous Reinforcement (CRF)
    A reinforcement schedule in which a behavior is reinforced each time it occurs.
  4. Cooperative Schedule
    A complex reinforcement schedule in which reinforcement is contingent on the behavior of two or more individuals.
  5. Differential Reinforcement of High Rate (DRH)
    A form of reinforcement in which a behavior is reinforced only if it occurs at least a specified number of times in a given period.
  6. Differential Reinforcement of Low Rate (DRL)
    A form of reinforcement in which a behavior is reinforced only if it occurs no more than a specified number of times in a given period.
  7. Discrimination Hypothesis
    The proposal that the PRE occurs because it is harder to discriminate between intermittent reinforcement and extinction than between continuous reinforcement and extinction.
  8. Fixed Duration (FD) Schedule
    A reinforcement schedule in which reinforcement is contingent on the continuous performance of a behavior for a fixed period of time.
  9. Fixed Interval (FI) Schedule
    A reinforcement schedule in which a behavior is reinforced the first time it occurs following a specified interval since the last reinforcement.
  10. Fixed Ration (FR) Schedule
    A reinforcement schedule in which every nth performance of a behavior is reinforced.
  11. Fixed Time (FT) Schedule
    A reinforcement schedule in which reinforcement is delivered independently of behavior at fixed intervals.
  12. Frustration Hypothesis
    The proposal that the PRE occurs because nonreinforcement is frustrating and during intermittent reinforcement frustration becomes an S+ for responding.
  13. Intermittent Schedule
    Any of several reinforcement schedules in which a behavior is sometimes reinforced.
  14. Matching Law
    The principle that, given the opportunity to respond on two or more reinforcement schedules, the rate of responding on each schedule will match the reinforcement available on each schedule.
  15. Mixed Schedule
    A complex reinforcement schedule in which two or more simple schedules, neither associated with a particular stimulus, alternate.
  16. Multiple Schedule
    A complex reinforcement schedule in which two or more simple schedules alternate, with each schedule associated with a particular stimulus.
  17. Noncontingent Reinforcement (NCR)
    The procedure of providing reinforcers independently of behavior.
  18. Partial Reinforcement Effect (PRE)
    The tendency of a behavior to be more resistant to extinction following partial reinforcement than following continuous reinforcement.
  19. Postreinforcement Pause
    A pause in responding following reinforcement; associated primarily with FI and FR schedules.
  20. Preratio Pause
    A pause that occurs following reinforcement and before a response run.
  21. Ratio Strain
    Disruption of the pattern of responding due to stretching the ratio of reinforcement too abruptly or too far.
  22. Response Unit Hypothesis
    The proposal that the PRE is due to differences in the definition of a behavior during intermittent and continuous reinforcement.
  23. Run Rate
    The rate at which a behavior occurs once it has resumed following reinforcement.
  24. Schedule Effects
    The distinctive rate and pattern of responding associated with a particular reinforcement schedule.
  25. Schedule of Reinforcement
    A rule describing the delivery of reinforcers for a behavior.
  26. Sequential Hypothesis
    The proposal that the PRE occurs because the sequence of reinforced and nonreinforced behaviors during intermittent reinforcement becomes an S+ for responding during extinction.
  27. Stretching the Ratio
    The procedure of gradually increasing the number of responses required for reinforcement.
  28. Tandem Schedule
    A complex reinforcement schedule that consists of a series of simple schedules, with reinforcement delivered only on completion of the last schedule in the series.  The simple schedules are not associated with different stimuli.
  29. Variable Duration (VD) Schedule
    A reinforcement schedule in which reinforcement is contingent on the continuous performance of a behavior for a period of time, with the length of the time.
  30. Variable Interval (VI) Schedule
    A reinforcement schedule in which a behavior is reinforced the first time it occurs following an interval since the last reinforcement, with the interval varying around a specified average.
  31. Variable Ratio (VR) Schedule
    A reinforcement schedule in which, on average, every nth performance of a behavior is reinforced.
  32. Variable Time (VT) Schedule
    A reinforcement schedule in which reinforcement is delivered at varying intervals regardless of what the organism does.

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview