Sociology 120

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Author:
courtneydurrett
ID:
206521
Filename:
Sociology 120
Updated:
2013-03-11 18:34:54
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  1. a variety of policies and programs that aim to avoid discrimination and redress past discrimination through active recruitment of qualified minorities for jobs, promotions, and educational opportunities
    affirmative action
  2. the process by which a majority and a minority group blend or mix to form a new group
    amalgamation
  3. the process by which members of a minority group come to adopt the culture of the majority group
    assimilation
  4. a form of bias in which the promotion of race neutrality helps to maintain existing racial and ethnic inequality
    color-blind racism
  5. unequal treatment that gives advantages to one group of people over another without justifiable cause
    discrimination
  6. shared cultural heritage often deriving from a common ancestry and homeland
    ethnicity
  7. the systematic killing of a group of people, based on their race, ethnicity, nationality, or religion
    genocide
  8. unequal treatment that results from the structural organization, policies, and procedures of social institutions such as the government, businesses, and schools
    institutional discrimination
  9. a collection of people who enjoy privileges and have more access to power because of identifiable physical or cultural characteristics
    majority group
  10. a collection of people who suffer disadvantages and have less power because of identifiable physical or cultural characteristics
    minority group
  11. a situation in which distinct ethnic and racial groups coexist on equal terms and have equal social standing
    pluralism
  12. to "pre-judge" someone or some group negatively based on inadequate information
    prejudice
  13. a category of people widely perceived as sharing socially significant physical characteristics such as skin color
    race
  14. the idea that supposedly natural and immutable differences separate the races
    racial essentialism
  15. the implementation of government and private-sector policies that discriminated against minorities and provided Whites with numerous advantages
    racialization of the state
  16. the belief that one race is inherently superior to another
    racism
  17. an individual or group of people falsely blamed for negative situation
    scapegoat
  18. keeping distinct social groups physically and socially separate and unequal
    segregation
  19. the theory that ethnic and racial conflicts often emerge when two racial or ethnic groups compete for the same jobs
    split labor market theory
  20. exaggerated, distorted, or untrue generalizations about categories of people that do not acknowledge individual variation
    stereotypes
  21. immigrants who retain strong personal, cultural, and economic ties to both their country of birth and their newly adopted home
    transnational migrants

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