Card Set Information
basic first aid Wound Management
Animal care test #2 . Cont. of other flash cards
What are the
of wound healing ?
First intention healing:
simple cut, clean wound. Can be sutured or glued together, no infection or necrosis
Second intention healing:
contamination or infection present. Wound must be debrided, longer healing time required.
Third intention healing:
changing a second intention wound to a first intention wound by cutting away the excess granulation tissue, appose the wound edges and suture closed.
make it bleed again, cut the edges to make it first intentin healing.
How do you care for a wound ?
1. Control hemorrhage
2. Evaluate for shock and treat.
3. Once the animal is stabilized, clean the wound.
4. Clip the hair around the wound. Cover the wound with sterile ointment so that the clipped hair does not contaminate it
5. Scrub or flush the wound liberally with a sterile solution.
6. Debride the non-living tissue.
After how many hours should a wound Not be closed ?
6 - 8 hours.
What are the 3 layers of bandage material ?
needed if wound is present. Functrion is to cover the wound so that the other bandage material does not stick. Ex. Telfa pad, gauze squares.
needed for all bandages. function is to absorb wound secretions, hold first layer on, cushion wound. ex. plain gauze
needed for all bandages. function is to thol bandage onto the animal, and to protect it from outside elements. Ex. Vetrap
List indications for bandaging.
To protect a wound from the environment
To hold dressings in place
To provide support to tissues
To prevent self trauma
To control edema
To maintain a proper environment for healing
To restrict use of a limb
To suport indwelling catheters and drains
To prevent seromas
What are the uses for
Uses soft materials and therefore not rigid. Used in fractures and dislocations, they are only used to bandage the affect part securely to a firm part of the body.
Utilizes rigid, nonconforming materials as well as soft materials. May be used to temporarily support a fracture, or a permanent support.
Employs strong rigid support through the use of plaster of paris, fiberglass, etc. to completely immobilize the affected bone. Soft materials are only used as padding.
When do you use a splint/cast instead of a bandage ?
When complete immobilization is required (fracture)
Administration of I.V. fluids (restrict movement of leg)
Tendon or ligament injury where support is required
What are some complications that are associated with bandaging ?
Bandages need to be changed frequently. Pus can privide an ideal environment for growth of bacteria
Bandages must be kept dry
healing needs to be assessed frequently
To ensure a bandage is not applied too tightly, you should be able to slip one or two fingers under the edge.
It may be necessary to use retraining devices such as an elizabethan collar to prevent chewing and removal of the bandage by animal
Chafing especially in the groin and axillary regions can cause additional trauman and pain.
What are some general guidelines for applying bandages ? May need to know to discuss with owner.
Check the tightness by inserting a finger under the material
When wrapping material up the leg,start distally and move proximally, then wind back distally
Hold bandage rolls underhand, NOT overhand
As bandage material is wound up the leg, overlap 1/3 to 1/2 of the bandage adjacent to it
Do not encircle the leg, adavance the bandage up and down leg at an angle
Be sure to pad the prominences (elbow, hock)
cut adhesive tape strips ahead of time
Avoid wrinkles and bags
If applying a bandage across the neck or chest do NOT constrict breathing
What is the proper home care for bandaging ? (Owner)
Keep the bandage clea
keep bandgae dry
Watch for swelling in the lower extremities
Monitor toes for swelling, decreased temperature or odour
Do not allow pet to lick or chew bandage
If bandage slips- return to vet immediatly
Do not try to fix or tape by your self
Observe area by the tape for chafing
Return for regular visits to have bandage/splint/cast checked
Increased lameness or pain may be a serious sign and should be rechecked by vet