govt test 21

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govt test 21
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  1. In great britain's parliamentary system, the renomination of a member of parliament depends principally on that member's
    A. campaign theme
    B. loyalty to the party
    C. performance during their tenure in Parliament
    D. performance in nationwide primaries
    E. popularity rating in public opinion polls
    B. loyalty to the party
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Each of the following was an objective of the Framers except
    A. to make Congress accountable to the executive
    B. to have Congress be the dominant institution
    C. to oppose concentration of power in a single institution
    D. C and D
    E. to balance large and small states
    A. to make Congress accountable to the executive
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Under the original constitution, members of the Senate, unlike members of the House,were selected by
    A. direct elections
    B. primary runoffs
    C. the president
    D. regional coalitions
    E. state legislators
    E. state legislators
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. The framers sought to prevent legislative tyranny by
    A. severely limiting the powers of congress
    B. requiring Congress to defer to the other branches of government
    C. calling for the direct election of the senate
    D. dividing the power among the legislature, the executive, and the judiciary
    E. giving the executive the right to appoint both legislators and Supreme court justices
    D. dividing the power among the legislature, the executive, and the judiciary
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution confers on Congress all of the following powers except
    A. the power to regulate commerce
    B. the power to establish courts
    C. the power to interpret laws
    D. the power to collect taxes
    E. the power to declare war
    C. the power to interpret laws
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The purpose of a filibuster is to
    A. ensure that all sides on an issue are heard
    B. delay action in a legislative body
    C. protect majority rule
    D. shift legislative power to the Senate committees
    E. magnify the impact of special interests
    B. delay action in a legislative body
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. A marginal district in one in whic
    A. the constituency is made up of largely minority groups
    B. voters frequently change party affiliation
    C. the winner in an election gets less than 55 percent of the vote
    D. voters are not clear as to which candidate is the incumbent
    E. gerrymandering has produced a loose affiliation of interest groups
    C. the winner in an election gets less than 55 percent of the vote
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. One proposed explanation for why congressional seats have become less marginal is that
    A. the growing strength of the party system makes it less likely for challengers to appeal to the average voters
    B. incumbents are less ideological than challengers and link themselves with congress as an institution
    C. changing demographics have made an increasing number of districts overwhelmingly democrat or Republican
    D. incumbents can use their powers to get programs passed that benefit their districts and thereby benefit themselves
    E. incumbents are less likely than challengers to become associated with the "mess" in Washington
    D. incumbents can use their powers to get programs passed that benefit their districts and thereby benefit themselves
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Political scientist Gary Jacobson argues that Democratic dominance of the House is best explained by
    A. voter turnout in minority districts
    B. electoral politics
    C. incumbent advantages
    D. partisan redistricting
    E. swing voters
    B. electoral politics
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The explanation for congressional voting behavior that assumes members vote to please their constituents is referred to as
    A. representational
    B. relational
    C. conventional
    D. attitudinal
    E. organizational
    A. representational
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. The explanation for congressional voting behavior that assumes members vote to please their colleagues is referred to as
    A. organizational
    B. attitudinal
    C. representational
    D. conventional
    E. relational
    A. organizational
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. The explanation for congressional voting behavior that assumes members vote on the basis of their beliefs is referred to as
    A. attitudinal
    B. representational
    C. conventional
    D. organizational
    E. relational
    A. attitudinal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. In recent years, American voters have political beliefs that are
    A. close to the center on the political spectrum
    B. similar to members of congress
    C. very liberal
    D. similar to members of the federal courts
    E. very conservative
    A. close to the center on the political spectrum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Where is the real work of Congress done?
    A. in the committees in both houses
    B. on the Senate floor
    C. in the caucuses
    D. on the House floor
    E. in floor sessions in both houses
    A. in the committees in both houses
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. According to the text, some scholars argue that incumbents in Congress are hard to defeat because of
    A. the strength of political parties
    B. the constituency services of their staffs
    C. the way their party supports them
    D. their many years of experience
    E. their superior campaign skills
    B. the constituency services of their staffs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The original purpose of the General Accounting Office (GAO) was to perform
    A. audits of high ranking military officers
    B. audits of financial records
    C. federal employment application evaluations
    D. research in the Library of Congress
    E. evaluation of technological advancements
    B. audits of financial records
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. which of the following statements about revenue bills is correct?
    A. they must originate in the Senate
    B. they must originate in the House
    C. they can originate in either the House or the Senate
    D. they must originate with the President
    E. they must originate in the Senate Finance Committee
    B. they must originate in the House
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. In the Senate, a filibuster can be ended by invoking
    A. cloture
    B. a quorum
    C. mark-up
    D. a meeting of the whole
    E. a rider
    A. cloture
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. When a bill passes the House and Senate in substantially different forms, the differences are resolved in
    A. a committee of the whole
    B. a conference committee
    C. joint committee
    D. bill-plan committee
    E. the Rules Committee
    B. a conference committee
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. The decentralization and separation of government powers under the Constitution has made political corruption
    A. easier to achieve
    B. less frequent, but rarely punishable
    C. easier to detect
    D. less frequent, but greater in scale
    E. more difficult to achieve
    A. easier to achieve
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. The pocketbook issue tends to preoccupy politicians most
    A. when presidential popularity is at its peak
    B. toward the end of a session of Congress
    C. just before elections
    D. early in a presidential term
    E. when the economy is doing poorly
    C. just before elections
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Party priorities generally dictate that
    A. republicans worry more about war and Democrats about depressions
    B. Democrats worry about inflation and Republicans about unemployment
    C. Democrats worry more about unemployment and Republicans about depressions
    D. Democrats worry about unemployment and Republicans about inflation
    E. Democrats worry more about war and Republicans about depressions
    D. Democrats worry about unemployment and Republicans about inflation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. An economists who believes that inflation means too much money chasing too few good is basically subscribing to the_____theory.
    A. planning
    B. supply-side
    C. Keynesian
    D. credit-based
    E. monetarist
    E. monetarist
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. An economist who believes that the government should help the market expand demand if production is too low is basically endorsing the _____theory.
    A. Keynesian
    B. credit-based
    C. monetarist
    D. supply-side
    E. planning
    A. Keynesian
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. An economist regards the free market as too undependable to ensure economic efficiency and suggests government control over it. The economist is recommending what type of economic policy?
    A. supply-side
    B. Keynesian
    C. monetarist
    D. planning
    E. credit-based
    D. planning
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Supply-side economists advocate that government
    A. control wages more than prices
    B. interfere less in the economy
    C. control prices more than wages
    D. control both prices and wages
    E. regulate most areas of the economy
    B. interfere less in the economy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. The combination of monetarism, tax cuts, and domestic budget cutting characterized
    A. Reaganomics
    B. Fair Deal Economics
    C. the New Deal
    D. the Great Society
    E. the New Federalism
    A. Reaganomics
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. The text suggests that, in theory and in practice, the Federal Reserve is independent of
    A. both the president and Congress
    B. Congress, but not the president
    C. the president, but not Congress
    D. the president
    E. congress
    A. both the president and Congress
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Congress is important in economic policy making because it
    A. must approve all taxes and most expenditures
    B. reviews annual reports and removes wasteful spending
    C. controls all appointees to the Council of Economic Advisers
    D. controls all appointees to the Federal Reserve Board
    E. determines the supply of money in the economy at any given time
    A. must approve all taxes and most expenditures
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. The Gramm-Rudman Act was passed by Congress to
    A. eliminate the balance of trade deficit
    B. give more authority to the Office of Management and Budget
    C. eliminate deficit spending
    D. fine-tune the existing budget procedures
    E. eliminate tax cuts
    C. eliminate deficit spending
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. An example of a welfare policy in which most or all people benefit is
    A. Social Security
    B. Family Assistance Plan
    C. Aid to Families with Dependent Children
    D. Medicaid
    E. food stamps
    A. Social Security
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Welfare policy in which nearly everyone benefits and nearly everyone pays are characterized by
    A. majoritarian politics
    B. concurrency politics
    C. client politics
    D. minoritarian politics
    E. neo-institutional politics
    A. majoritarian politics
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Welfare policy in which a relatively few people benefit but almost everyone pays are characterized by
    A. neo-institutional politics
    B. client politics
    C. majoritarian politics
    D. concurrency politics
    E. minoritarian politics
    B. client politics
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Welfare policy in the United States developed after a change in attitudes about the concept of deserving versus undeserving poor beginning in the
    A. 1960's
    B. 1900's
    C. 1970's
    D. 1930's
    E. 1880's
    D. 1930's
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Regarding options for dealing with poverty, the federal government has received no guidance from federal government has received no guidance from
    A. popular attitudes
    B. the presidency
    C. the mass media
    D. the U.S. Constitution
    E. political parties
    D. the U.S. Constitution
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. The passage of the Medicare Bill was made possible by
    A. the strong support of the American Medical Association (AMA)
    B. the watering down of the bill to remove controversial provisions
    C. a Democratic landslide in the 1964 elections
    D. a marked shift in public opinion
    E. a shift in voting patterns in the U.S. Supreme Court
    C. a Democratic landslide in the 1964 elections
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Medicaid differs from Medicare because Medicaid provides
    A. medical assistance to the aged
    B. medical assistance to the general public
    C. catastrophic medical coverage to veterans
    D. medical assistance to the poor
    E. catastrophic medical coverage to children
    D. medical assistance to the poor
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Congress justified the legitimacy of the Social Security Act, despite the fact that the U.S. Constitution did not authorize federal welfare, with the argument that
    A. the Constitution could not have anticipated the need for a Social Security program
    B. state administration of Social Security removed it from constitutional jurisdiction
    C. payments into Social Security would always exceed benefits paid out
    D. Social Security benefits were not really a federal expenditure
    E. the Tenth Amendment specifically prohibited states from creating such programs
    D. Social Security benefits were not really a federal expenditure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. According to Charles Murray, Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) actually contributes to poverty rather than addressing it because the program
    A. encourages overspending by recipients
    B. discourages people from looking for jobs
    C. encourages mothers to have more children
    D. allows administrators too much discretion
    E. changes the public's perception of who is deserving
    B. discourages people from looking for jobs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. The impetus for the creation of various welfare programs in the U.S. came from
    A. the adoption of the Social Progressive movement following WWI
    B. ordinary politics, as in Great Britain
    C. the Great Depression of the early 1930's
    D. the progressive movement that began in 1908
    E. the labor movement of the 1890's
    C. the Great Depression of the early 1930's
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. the national event held on April 22, 1970, that celebrated the new environmental movement was called
    A. Earth Day
    B. National Conservation Day
    C. Greenpeace Day
    D. Global Awareness Day
    E. Environmental Day
    A. Earth Day
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. The government agency established in 1970 to implement environmental legislation was the
    A. Department of Public Lands
    B. Air and Water Pollution Agency
    C. Environmental Legal Council
    D. Department of the Interior
    E. Environmental Protection Agency
    E. Environmental Protection Agency
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. One provision of the Clean Air Act of 1970 required cities where smog was still a problem, despite emission control placed on new cars, to impose rules restricting the public's use of cars. This provision failed because
    A. the provision was ruled unconstitutional
    B. powerful client groups worked to defeat the provision
    C. public opposition was too great
    D. the EPA adopted an overly zealous command-and-control strategy
    E. cars were soon viewed as having little or no impact on air pollution
    C. public opposition was too great
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. The document required before any federal agency undertakes an activity that significantly affects the environment is called an 
    A. environmental protection warrant
    B. environmental malfeasance contract
    C. environmental impact statement
    D. environmental defense covenant
    E. environmental maintenance will
    C. environmental impact statement
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. In general, the public will support tough environmental protection laws if the 
    A. long-range benefits are great enough
    B. costs are distributed evenly
    C. costs are substantial
    D. costs are shared with the government
    E. costs are hidden
    E. costs are hidden
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. Why should residents of Vermont be concerned about the type of coal burned in Illinois power plants?
    A. because Vermont's restrictions on air pollution are the toughest in the country while Illinois' are the most lenient
    B. because Vermont's economy is heavily dependent of low-sulfur coal
    C. because Vermont is a major producer of sulfur dioxide and source of acid rain
    D. because Vermont's economy benefits directly from the sale of smokestack scrubbers
    E. because acid rain caused by these power plants affects lakes and forests in Vermont
    E. because acid rain caused by these power plants affects lakes and forests in Vermont
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. An environmental measure that benefits an unorganized public is enacted at the expense of a well-organized group. The type of politics involved is
    A. entrepreneurial politics
    B. reciprocal politics
    C. client politics
    D. interest groups politics
    E. majoritarian politics
    A. entrepreneurial politics
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. An environmental measure that benefits an organized group at the expense of an unorganized public. The type of politics involved is
    A. reciprocal politics
    B. entrepreneurial politics
    C. client politics
    D. majoritarian politics
    E. interest groups politics
    C. client politics
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. two organized groups with a material stake in the outcome are fighting over who will pay and who will benefit from a proposed environmental measure. The type of politics involved is
    A. entrepreneurial politics
    B. reciprocal politics
    C. majoritarian politics
    D. interest groups politics
    E. client politics
    D. interest groups politics
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. Offsets, bubbles, and banks are all
    A. devices which restrict certain pollutants
    B. EPA tests done on agricultural pesticides
    C. pollution-control rules used by the EPA
    D. pollution-control devices that effectively reduce air contamination
    E. EPA incentives for companies to reduce pollution
    E. EPA incentives for companies to reduce pollution
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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