Research in which social events are studied at one past time period.
Historical Process Research
Research in which historical processes are studied over a long period of time.
Cross-sectional Comparative Research
Research comparing data from one time period between two or more nations.
Comparative Historical Research
Research comparing data from more than one time period in more than one nation.
Research that focuses attention on the nation or other unit as a whole.
An idiographic causal explanation that involves developing a narrative of events and processes that indicate a chain of causes and effects.
A systematic method of developing a causal diagram showing the structure of action underlying some chronology of events; the end result is an idiographic causal explanation.
Data collected through intensive interviews with participants in past events.
Research that focuses attention on vairables representing particular aspects of the cases studied and then examines the relations among these variables across sets of cases.
A method proposed by John Stuart Mill for establishing a causal relation, in which the values of cases that agree on an outcome variable also agree on the value of the variable hypothesized to have a causal effect, while they differ in terms of other variables.
Method of Difference
A method proposed by John Stuart Mill for establishing a causal relation, in which the values of cases that differ on an outcome variable also differ on the value of the variable hypothesized to have a causal effect, while they agree in terms of other variables.
The statistical and mathematical study of the size, composition, and spatial distribution of human populations and how these features change over time.