Anatomical definitions

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zstinchcomb
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206633
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Anatomical definitions
Updated:
2013-03-12 01:23:26
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anatomical definitions
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definitions
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  1. Abduction
    Movement of a body part away from the midline.
  2. Adduction
    Movement of a body part toward the midline
  3. Anatomic position
    The universal position of the human body from which all body positions are described. In this position, the subject stands facing the observer, with the arms at the side and palms facing forward.
  4. Anatomy
    The study of the structure and parts of an organism.
  5. Anterior
    Toward the front of the body.
  6. Caudad
    Toward the feet
  7. Cranial
    Related to or toward the head
  8. Distal
    Located away from the trunk of the body and toward the free end of an extremity
  9. Dorsal
    Located posteriorly on the body relative to the coronal plane
  10. Extension
    Return of a joint from a flexed position to an Anatomic position
  11. External rotation
    Rotating an extremity at it's joint away from the midline
  12. Flexion
    Moving an extremity at it's joint closer to the trunk
  13. Fowler's position
    Seated position with the upper body straight up or erect
  14. Frontal plane
    The plane parallel to the anterior surface of the body
  15. Gross anatomy
    The study of body parts that are visible to the naked eye, such as bones, muscles, and organs
  16. Homeostasis
    The maintenance of s stable internal physiologic environment
  17. Hyperextension
    Extension of a body part to a maximum level or past the position of normal extension.
  18. Hyperflexion
    Flexion of a body part to a maximum level or past the point of normal flexion
  19. Inferior
    Toward the feet or one structure that is situated lower than another
  20. Internal rotation
    Rotating an extremity medially toward the midline.
  21. Lateral
    Farther from the median plane; lying or extending away from the midline of a body part
  22. Medial
    Closer to the median plane
  23. Median plane
    An imaginary longitudinal line that divides the human body into left and right parts; also called the midsagittal plane or the midline
  24. Microscopic anatomy
    The study of tissue structure and/or cellular structure or organization, often visible only through a microscope
  25. Midaxillary line
    An imaginary line drawn through the midpoint of the axilla to the waist that is parallel to the midline
  26. Midclavicular line
    An imaginary line drawn through the midpoint of the clavicle that is parallel to the midline
  27. Midline
    An imaginary line drawn through the center of the body
  28. Pathophysiology
    The study of body functions of a living organism in an abnormal state.
  29. Physiology
    The study of the body functions of the living organism
  30. Planes
    Imaginary surfaces used as references to identify parts of the body
  31. Posterior
    Situated toward the back of the body
  32. Pronation
    When the palm faces downward
  33. Prone
    Lying face down
  34. Proximal
    Located nearer to at toward the trunk of the body
  35. Range of Motion (ROM)
    The arc of movement of an extremity at a joint in a particular direction.
  36. Recovery position
    Placing a patient on the side to allow the easy drainage of fluids from the mouth; also called the left lateral recumbent position
  37. Recumbent
    Any position in which the patient is lying down or leaning back
  38. Regional anatomy
    Study of anatomy associated with a particular body region; also called topographic anatomy
  39. Sagittal plane
    A vertical plane that is parallel to the midline and divides the body into unequal left and right parts
  40. Superior
    Situated toward the head or one structure that is situated higher than another
  41. Supine
    Lying face up
  42. Systemic anatomy
    Study of anatomy associated with a particular organ system
  43. Topographic anatomy
    Study of anatomy associated with a particular body region; also called regional anatomy
  44. Transverse plane
    A cross-horizontal sectioning that divides the body into the upper and lower parts
  45. Trendelenburg's position
    Placing a patient supine with the legs elevated approximately 12" and head down
  46. Ventral
    Pertaining to the front of a part, organ, or structure

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