DEP2000 Test 3

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Author:
TheseFights
ID:
206649
Filename:
DEP2000 Test 3
Updated:
2013-03-12 03:01:42
Tags:
middle childhood adolescence
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Human Growth & Development
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  1. Learning disabilities and types
    Dyslexia, ADHD, mental retardation
  2. Gifted children
    Children who show evidence of high performance in academic and artistic fields
  3. Coregulation
    Period in which parents and children jointly control children's behavior
  4. Phonemes
    Basic units of sound
  5. Morphemes
    Smallest language unit that has meaning
  6. Fine and gross motor skills (middle childhood)
    Fine: More myelin, using each hand independently, manipulate objects with capacity of adult

    Gross: muscle coordination
  7. IQ
    Intelligence quotient, score that accounts for a student's mental and chronological age
  8. G-Factor (general intelligence factor)
    Spearman; intelligence responsible for overall performances on mental ability tests
  9. Social identity theory
    Minority groups accept negative stereotypes if they perceive that there is little possibility of change
  10. Concrete operational stage (Piaget)
    • - between 7 to 12 years
    • - active & appropriate use of logic
    • - decentration, metamemory
  11. Preoperational stage (Piaget)
    • - between 2 to 7 years
    • - start of symbolic thought, centration, egocentrism
  12. Degrees of mental retardation
    • - mild retardation: IQ 50 - 70
    • - moderate retardation: IQ 35 - 50
    • - severe retardation: IQ 20 - 35
    • - profound retardation: IQ below 20
  13. Gender interaction (middle childhood)
    Same sex friendships
  14. Styles of teaching reading
    • - code based: focus on basic skills
    • - whole language: learn through reading and making guesses about words
  15. ZPD (zone of proximal development)
    Vygotsky; level at which child can almost perform a task independently but with assistance
  16. Cooperative learning
    Children work in groups to achieve common goal
  17. Reversibility
    Notions that transformations to an object can be reversed
  18. Decentration
    Considering multiple aspects of a situation
  19. Stages of memory
    • - encoding: recording information
    • - storing: placed in memory
    • - retrieval: material used
  20. Fluid intelligence
    Intelligence that reflects information processing capabilities, reasoning, and memory
  21. Crystallized intelligence
    The accumulation of skills learned
  22. Mainstreaming
    Children integrated into regular education system and provided with alternatives
  23. Least restrictive environment
    The setting that is most similar to that of children without special needs
  24. Enrichment
    Gifted students kept at grade level but with special programs
  25. Acceleration
    Gifted students that skip a grade
  26. Industry-vs-inferiority stage (middle childhood)
    • - Erikson
    • - 6 to 12
    • - focus on efforts to attain competence in meeting challenges of modern world
  27. Identity-vs-identity confusion stage (adolescence)
    Teenagers seek to determine what is unique about them
  28. Moral development (Kohlberg)
    • 1. Preconventional: rewards & punishment
    • 2. Conventional: being a good person
    • 3. Ponstconventional: broad moral principles
  29. Popular children's behaviors
    • - social competence: reading emotions
    • - social problem-solving: strategies to solve social conflicts
  30. Blended family difficulties
    Role ambiguity, not knowing own role or role of stepparent/stepsibling
  31. Self-esteem trends (adolescence)
    • - high self esteem in academics
    • - low self esteem in relationships
    • - girls lower than boys
  32. Marcia's stages of identity (adolescence)
    • - identity achievement: commitment w/ exploration
    • - identity foreclosure: commitment w/o exploration
    • - identity diffusion: no exploration/commitment
    • - moratorium: exploration w/o commitment
  33. Drug use (adolescence)
    • - prove themselves
    • - release of inhibitions and tension
    • - reduction of stress
    • - false consensus
  34. Neglected peers
    Neither liked nor disliked
  35. Rejected peers
    Uniformly disliked
  36. Undersocialized delinquents
    Violent, ADHD, no parental involvement
  37. Socialized delinquents
    Acting out for attention/exploration
  38. Development of eating disorders
    Anorexia/bulimia due to societal pressure
  39. Adolescent suicide
    • - reasons: depression, family conflict, drug abuse
    • - attempts: 200 per 1 suicide, girls attempt more
    • - successes: boys complete suicide more often due to violent methods
  40. Warning signs of suicide
    • - direct/indirect speech
    • - school difficulties
    • - writing a will
    • - changes in eating/sleeping/behavior
    • - depression
  41. High school use of weed/alcohol percent
    50% of seniors use weed & alcohol
  42. Signs of puberty
    • - boys: spemarche (first ejaculation)
    • - girls: menarche (period)
  43. Effects on boys/girls in rate of puberty
    • - boys: early maturation better
    • - girls: no difference in rate of maturation
  44. Body changes in puberty
    • - primary: changes vital to procreation
    • - secondary: visible signs of maturity
  45. Cliques
    2 to 12 people who hang out a lot
  46. Crowd
    12+ people who share similar characteristics
  47. Generation gap
    Divide between children and parents in attitude, values, aspirations, and world views
  48. Imaginary audience
    Adolescent's belief that their behavior is the primary focus of other's attention
  49. Personal fable
    The view that an adolescent's experience is unique
  50. Sexual orientation
    A person's sexual interest
  51. Obesity
    • - ratio of body fat increases
    • - metabolism decreases
    • - appearance changes
    • - 20% overweight, 15% seriously overweight, 5% obese

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