test 3

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Anonymous
ID:
2068
Filename:
test 3
Updated:
2009-12-01 20:50:10
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urinary tract obstructions
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  1. the blockage of flow of urine at any point in the urinary tract
    urinary tract obstruction
  2. the distention of the renal pelvis and calices with urine
    hydronephrosis
  3. what does obstruction of the urinary tract lead to?
    UTI, hydronephrosis, kidney damage
  4. type of calculi often found in children
    cystine
  5. calculi caused by an inherited condition, often confused with uric acid stones
    xanthine
  6. calculi often associated with gout, truly radiolucent
    uric acid
  7. calculi present in patients with alkai urine and UTI caused by proteus bacteria; surgery is common treatment
    struvite (staghorn)
  8. 80- 85% if urinary stone cases
    calcium
  9. blind pouch within the bladder wall or urethra; urine gets trapped ant pouch gets infected
    urinary diverticula
  10. noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland, usually seen in aging men
    benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
  11. abnormal narrowing of the urethra or ureter; more frequent in males due to the greater length of the male urethra
    strictures
  12. ureteral junction composed of the intravesical ureter, the trigone, and the portion of bladder wall nearest the intravesical ureter
    ureterovesical junction (UVJ)
  13. symptoms include: chronic UTI, palpable perineal mass, urethral stones, pus discharge, painful intercourse
    urinary diverticula
  14. symptoms include: voiding hesitancy, decreased quality of stream, feeling of incomplete bladder emptying, straining to urinate, dribbling after, urgency, nocturia
    BPH
  15. symptoms include: prolonged voiding with weak stream, voiding hesitancy, dysuria, frequency, nocturia, urgency, urge incontinence
    strictures
  16. tests for urinary calculi
    KUB, IV palogram, urine culture, UA
  17. test for urinary diverticula
    transvaginal ultrasonography, MRI, urethroscopy
  18. tests for BPH
    UA, prostatic specific antigen (PSA), IVP, prostatic ultrasound
  19. tests for strictures
    urine culture, retrograde urethrogram (RUG)
  20. ESWL
    electrocorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
  21. performed to remove large staghorn calculi from the renal parynchyma
    nephrolithotomy
  22. performed to remove one or more stone from the renal pelvis
    pyelolithotomy
  23. removal of the entire kidney
    nephrectomy
  24. removal of stones from the ureter
    ureterolithotomy
  25. removal of stones from the bladder
    cystolithotomy
  26. the three surgical approaches for BPH
    transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), transurethral incision of the prostate (TUIP), open simple prostatectomy
  27. surgical transplantation of the ureter to a different site in the bladder
    ureteroneocystotomy

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